Lubbert of the Goringhaicona1,2

M, #17291, b. circa 1620

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Last Edited21/10/2017
Birth*Lubbert of the Goringhaicona was born circa 1620.3
(Member) PeopleGroup Autshumao was the leader of the Goringhaicona, a very small group of Khoen which Van Riebeeck said comprised about 18 men. The number of women and children was not recorded, but if each of these men had a wife and just one child, the group would have numbered around 54. They occupied just four or five huts and they lived and mostly survived off beachcombing on the Cape peninsula at the time the VOC settlement began. They also traded with passing ships and later also with the settlers. Within a few years their numbers grew and they also became stock owners, and were employed by the settlers to do menial work. They were also known as the Watermans. The Goringhaicona included the following indidividuals: Khaik Ana Ma Koukoa, Krotoa, Hemoao Khatimaä, Hum Tha Saankhumma, Khamy, Khonomao Namtesij, Lubbert, Beijmakoukoa-Danhou, Pn, Pn, Boubo and Thoe Maka Koa.4 
Company JournalOn 7 December 1653 in the Company Journal, as translated: (Sunday). Two of our men (one with a gun) shooting birds at Salt River had perceived five Saldanhars, who had given them an egg-shell for the Commander, asking for tobacco. Sent them two men with tobacco and pipes, for which they were very grateful. They said that what Herry had done was by no means pleasant to them, and that the Hottentoo called by us Lubbert, the comrade of Herry, had murdered the boy, and that they would have nothing to do with them or any of the watermen, and would visit us tomorrow with cattle and sheep as last year, upon which our people, in the best way they could do, expressed our kind intentions and bartered four or five ostrich egg-shells. Trust that the Lord God will give his blessing on the trade. Amen.5
On 15 February 1655 in the Company Journal, as translated: Seven volunteers provisioned for three weeks, leave for inland, under command of the cadet Jan Wintervogel, late captain of the Brazilians in Brazil, which land, he explored as far as the South Sea, helping to discover the silver mines of Chiera – a good explorer hence entrusted with the command to see whether any other natives and better minerals than about here might be found. Takes with him for trade 6 lbs. tobacco, 6 lbs. copper, and some beads and knicknacks, &c. Is to persuade the natives to come and trade, as undoubtedly Herry has been frightening them; consequently expedient to have him with us again by friendly means and promise of pardon which may occur, as his friend Lubbert is already hanging about the fortress and being treated kindly.6
On 12 March 1655 in the Company Journal, as translated: Galiot despatched to Dassen Island with provisions. A Madagascar slave missing; Hottentoos, contrary to their habit, refuse to search for him; suppose that they killed him, as he was often quarrelling and fighting with them. Lubbert, Herry's mate, arrives, treated well; says Herry is far inland. May be he may be tempted to come to the fort, though he is a clever rogue, and so is this Lubbert, the chief of the thieves.6
On on 15 September 1655, Company Journal Willem Muller (as translated): Herry sent some of the men to the Hottentoo Lubbert.7
On between 16 September 1655 and 17 September 1655, Company Journal Willem Muller (as translated): Lubbert visits us, and on the 17th takes with him 8 head of cattle belonging to Herry, but when leaving, the men and women commenced to quarrel. Herry told us to “goo”; marched on till we got out of the downs, found ourselves in a fine valley more than 4 miles broad, course E.N.E; crossed other downs. Came to another valley with water in it, turned to the right on the other side, encamped at an old kraal.7


  1. This individual's real name is not, as far as I have been able to discover, not disclosed in the record.
  2. [S673] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, December 1651 - December 1653[5], Van Riebeeck's Journal, &c. Part I, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.92. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal 1651-1653[5].
  3. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide.
  4. [S846] I. Schapera, editor, The early Cape Hottentots: Olfert Dapper, Willem ten Rhyne en Johannes Gulielmus de
    ( DBNL digitale bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse letteren, 2011), p.9. cf.5,6. Hereinafter cited as The early Cape Hottentots.
  5. [S673] Precis of the archives, JVR Journal 1651-1653[5], pp.92-93.
  6. [S673] Precis of the archives, JVR Journal 1651-1653[5], p.217.
  7. [S673] Precis of the archives, JVR Journal 1651-1653[5], p.240.

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