Chaynunqua of the Chainouquas1

M, #18911, b. circa 1600

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Last Edited21/10/2017
Birth*Chaynunqua of the Chainouquas was born circa 1600, he may have been the founding leader of the Chainouquas.2
(Leader2) PeopleGroup In 1662 Sousoa was the leader of the Chainouquas, a group said (in 1657) by Van Riebeeck as living toward the East and that they were named for their great chief Chaynunqua who was very rich in cattle. However it subsequently emerges in the record that Sousoa was the leader in the first years of colonial settlement. It is possible that the reference to Chaynunqua was an assumption by Van Riebeeck who had not yet met Sousoa. The following individuals were numbered among this people: Chaihantima, Dorhá, Hanhumma and Oocktis Koukoua.3 


  1. [S405] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954), p.81. Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658.
  2. [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.81. The chief living towards the East belonged to tho Chainuquas, called so after their great chief Chaynunqua.
  3. [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), pp.121. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.

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