Asdrubal of the Khoe1

M, #19088, b. circa 1685, d. before 15 February 1714

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Last Edited04/05/2019
Birth*Asdrubal of the Khoe was born circa 1685 in de Caep de Goede Hoop, the date is estimated. He was old enough to be a Khoe leader before his death in 1714.1
Death*He died before 15 February 1714 de Caep de Goede Hoop, when his brother was appointed leader of his people.2
Occupation* Before 15 February 1714 Asdrubal of the Khoe was was leader of an unnamed Khoe people whose brother was appointed by the VOC commander at the Cape to replace him.3,1 


  1. [S924] Richard Elphick, Kraal and Castle: Khoikhoi and the Founding of White South Africa ( Yale University Press, 1977), My thanks to Sandy Rowoldt Shell for sharing this citation:
    "Under Van der Stel the Company arrogated to itself various new powers in relation to chiefs. It did not hesitate to force one chief to acknowledge the "lordship" of another, nor even to compel rebelling subjects to submit to their rulers. [fn44] The governor also gained the right to install chiefs in office, though the selection of the new chief was normally made on the advice of the elders of the clan or tribe. By 1700 this was virtually a universal practice among Western Cape Khoikhoi. Van der Stel and his successors took advantage of the installation ceremony to give the chiefs classical names like Asdrubal [Hasdrubal], Scipio Africanus, Hercules [Hartloop], Mars, or Hannival [Hannibal Jason]. It is likely that these names were intentionally ludicrous."
    [footnote 44]: KA 7571/KZ 3179, DR March 3, 1688, n.p.; Resolusies, 3: 55 (Dec. 8, 1682).

    page 229:
    "As for the descendants of the Peninsulars, he found three kraals camped together near Waveren under three, four, and five captains respectively: together these twelve captains could supply only thirty-eight cattle and eight sheep; though one of their number, Scipio, was fairly wealthy, possessing more than two hundred cows. Starrenburgh also found ten

    page 230:
    tiny kraals of uncertain identity in the region immediately to the northeast of the Cape Peninsula. [fn28]"
    [footnote 28]: KA 4031, Dag Verhaal ... Starrenburgh, passim.]. Hereinafter cited as Kraal and Castle: Khoikhoi and the Founding of White South Africa.
  2. [S562] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, W.A. van der Stel Journal, 1699-1732, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1896), p.258. Hereinafter cited as W.A. van der Stel Journal 1699-1732.
  3. [S562] W.A. van der Stel Journal 1699-1732, p.258: 1714
    February 15. Heavy bush fires behind Table and Devil Mountains, destroying all the forests there. This mischief continues in spite of all the placcaten published on the subject.
    Names of the Hottentots made captains, viz.:
    Scipio Africanus, brother and heir of the late Hasdrubal.
    Hannibal “ “ “ Jason.
    Hercules “ “ “ Hartloop,
    Kouga son and heir Kouga, Sr.
    Every one received the usual stick with the brass knob.

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