Matthys Michels

M, #5700, b. circa 1645, d. after 1731

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
NGK Drakenstein Baptisms 1694-1732NGK Drakenstein Baptisms 1694-1732
Last Edited07/10/2017
BirthOrigin*Matthys was from Glückstadt in Danish, Lykstad and in contemporaneous records, Luijckstadt.

He was perhaps born there circa 1645. The date is estimated. Soldiers were commonly employed by the VOC at around 22 to 25 years old, but he may have been a little older, considering that his bride Trijn Ras must have been in her mid to late 30s at their marriage in 1680.

Glückstadt was founded in 1617 on the marsh lands along the Elbe by the Duke of Holstein, King Christian IV of Denmark, who had levees and fortifications built as well as a ducal residence. Its name translates to English literally as "Luck City" or "Fortune City".

As Christian IV promised the settlers tax exemption and freedom of religion, Glückstadt soon became an important trading centre, intended to compete with the Imperial city of Hamburg, located upstream on the Elbe. After the king had interfered in the Thirty Years' War the town in 1627/28 was besieged for fifteen weeks by the united Imperial and Catholic troops under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein and Count Tilly, though without success.

In 1649 Christian’s son and successor King Frederik III of Denmark had the seat of the Holstein administration moved to Glückstadt, whereafter the duchy became known as Holstein-Glückstadt. In 1773 the town became the capital of all Holstein lands, when the lands of the Holstein-Gottorp line were finally incorporated. During the War of the Sixth Coalition in 1814 Glückstadt was blockaded by the allies and capitulated, whereupon its fortifications were demolished. In 1830 it was made a free port.

Holstein-Glückstadt remained a possession of the Danish Crown until its defeat in the Second Schleswig War of 1864. It was occupied by Austria, but finally incorporated into the Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein in the aftermath of the 1866 Austro-Prussian War.1,2,3,4 
Marriage*He married Catharina Ustings on 25 January 1680 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.5,6,7
 
Marriage*He married Marie Vitu in 1711 de Caep de Goede Hoop.6
 
Death*He died after 1731 de Caep de Goede Hoop.6
 

Family

Catharina Ustings b. c 1641, d. b 18 Aug 1708
Child
(Passenger) ShipVoyage On 30 April 1672 the Zuijt Polsbroeck left Texel enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it arrived on 7 October 1672. Among those on board was Matthys Michels.8 
Vrijboek* In 1681, Matthys Michels appeared in the vrijboek or record of transactions with the Company, as arriving on the Zuijt Polsbroek in 1672 and as becoming a vrijburgher on 30 June 1676.4 
(Beneficiary) InventoryHe benefitted from the estate of Catharina Ustings between 18 August 1708 and 19 September 1708 de Caep de Goede Hoop as specified in the inventory.9
Names in the record, in publications, etc.19 September 1681, the name of Matthys was written in the record as Mattyhs Michielsen.
26 January 1690, the name of Matthys was written in the record as Matthijs Michiels.10
Matthys Michels was also known as Matthis Miechielz.11
Baptisms - WitnessMatthys Michels is named as a parent in the record of the baptism of Anna Elizabeth Michelsz on 19 September 1681 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.12
He and Catharina Ustings witnessed the baptism of Catrina Strydom on 2 March 1687 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.13
He and Catharina Ustings witnessed the baptism of Joris Strydom on 16 May 1688 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.14
He and Hildegonda Boon witnessed the baptism of Catharina Ras on 27 January 1697 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.15
He and Catharina Ustings witnessed the baptism of Anna Catharina Rostock on 10 May 1699 de Caep de Goede Hoop.16
He and Catharina Ustings witnessed the baptism of Maria Lorentz on 18 October 1705 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Drakenstein, de Caep de Goede Hoop.11
Slave TransactionsOn 17 June 1677 Antonij van Malbaar was sold by Gouverneur Johan Bax to Matthys Michels de Caep de Goede Hoop.17
On 8 September 1687 Daniel van Madagascar, Claes van de Kust and Isaak van Madagascar were sold by Jan Dircksen de Beer to Matthys Michels, for Rds. 70 each.18
On 26 January 1690 Paulus van Malabar was sold by Matthys Michels to Simon van der Stel, for Rds. 50.19
On 17 August 1691 Thomé van Mombaza and Philip van Malabar were sold by Jan Dircks de Beer to Matthijs Michiels, for Rds. 120 and Rds 100 respectively.20
On 10 January 1697 Daniel van Madagascar and Dirk van Bengale were sold by Gerrit Basson to Matthijs Michiels, for f 400.21,22
On 19 June 1697 Scipio van Madagascar was sold by Symon Langendam to Mattyhs Michielsen or Matthys Michiels van Stockholm, for Rds. 80.23
On 30 January 1699 Abraham van Trancquebare was sold by Andreas Frorop to Matthijs Michiels or Matthys Michiels van Stockholm, for Rds. 50.24
On 30 January 1699 Anthonij van Trancquebare was sold by Andreas Frorop to Matthijs Michiels or Matthys Michiels van Stockholm, for Rds. 50.25

Citations

  1. [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia of the Germans at the Cape, 1652-1806, Archives Year Book for South African History (Cape Town: Government Printer, Union of South Africa, 1946), MICHELS, MATTHIAs.-Birthplace given as Bruckstadt (in Marr. Reg.), Lipstadt (Stellenbosch Arch., vol. 604, under 2.5.1719) and Glückstadt (ibid. under 4.10.1707, 21.4.1713). Burgher at Cape Town (1680), later at Drakenstein. ~ 28.1.1680 Catharina Ustinghs of Lübeck (q.v.). One daughter, Anna Elisabeth (19.9.1681) Johann Lorenz of Rostock (q.v.) (in G.R. she is mentioned as a daughter of Matthys Michels of Stockholm). (Inv. O.C. 2: 26.). Hereinafter cited as Personalia.
  2. [S914] Mansell Upham, "First Fifty Years - collating Cape of Good Hope records," Facebook post . Hereinafter cited as "First Fifty Years Project."
  3. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide.
  4. [S836] Vrijboek 1681 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Thijs Michielsen van Luijckstadt soldaat - anno 1672 voor de Camer Amsterdam pr. Zuijt Polsbroeck aangelant en ultimo Junij 1676 vrijgeworden". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
  5. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: ao. 1680. den selfden dito (28 Januarii). Matys Michiels van den Luichstadt [Bruckstadt], jonghman en Catrina Ostinghs van Lubeck wed: laest van Lourens Cornelis, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  6. [S338] Margaret Cairns, "Tryn Ras", Familia (Tryn Ras) Vol. 15, 4, 1978, p.97-98; Vol 16, 1, 1979, p. 20-26; 2, 1979, p. 38-39, 41, 44-49 (1978-1979). Hereinafter cited as "Tryn Ras."
  7. [S150] Edited & augmented by GISA Originally compiled by J.A. Heese & R.T.J. Lombard, South African Genealogies 5 L-M, GISA SA Genealogies (Stellenbosch, South Africa: Genealogical Institute of South Africa, 1999), Page 616. Hereinafter cited as S.A. Genealogies 5 L-M.
  8. [S351] Grahame Naudé, "Dutch East India Company Shipping", Familia (DEIC Shipping) 43 Number 1 (2006): Details of voyage 1226.4 from Texel to Batavia
    Number 1226.4
    Name of ship ZUIDPOLSBROEK
    Master Been, Jakob Albertsz.
    Tonnage 960
    Type of ship     
    Built 1664
    Yard Amsterdam
    Chamber Amsterdam
    Date of departure 30-04-1672
    Place of departure Texel
    Arrival at Cape 07-10-1672
    Departure from Cape 19-05-1673
    Date of arrival at destination 14-08-1673
    Place of arrival Batavia
    Particulars The ZUIDPOLSBROEK, KATTENBURG (1227) and VRIJHEID (1229) under command of Jakob Geus left the Cape for St. Helena on 10-12-1672, arrived on 30-12 and took the island from the English on 12-01-1673. They left a garrison (± 100 men) and departed on 11-03-1673. The ZUIDPOLSBROEK arrived at the Cape with 1 soldier, taken prisoner at St. Helena. The ship was laid up at Batavia. *These figures refer to the Cape and St. Helena.
    Next homeward voyage -
    On Board
    I II III IV V VI
    Seafarers 174 23 24* 10* 21 139
    Soldiers      120 85 17 20 33
    Passengers 13 12 0 0 1. Hereinafter cited as "Dutch East India Company Shipping."
  9. [S788] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/) (Original records held by unknown repository, unknown repository address) "Reference no.: MOOC8/2.26 Testator(s): Catharina Uftings 18 Augustus 1708
    Reference no.: MOOC10/1.46 Testator(s): Catharina Ustings 19 en 20 September 1708."
  10. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.131. 26.1.1690, pp. 299-300: Paulus from Malakka (25/26), sold by Matthijs
    Michiels to Simon van der Stel for Rds. 50.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  11. [S408] Drakenstein Heemkring, compilers, Drakenstein I Baptisms., CD-ROM (Paarl) Drakenstein Heemkring, 2006 , Baptism Register, 1705; 18 ditto [Octobr]; Maria. de Vader Johannes Laurens, d'Moeder Anna Elizabeth. Getuygen Matthis Miechielz, en Catherina.. Hereinafter cited as Drakenstein I Baptisms.
  12. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: den 19 September [1681] Anna Elisabet
    Mattyhs [Matthys] Michielsen en Tryn Rasch
    , transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  13. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): ao' 1687
    den 2 Mart Catrina
    Joost Strydom en Marina Ras
    Matys Michiels en Tryn Ras, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  14. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): [Ao. 1688]
    Den 16 dito (Maij) is een kind gedoopt en genaamt Joris waar
    van vader is Joost Strijdom de moeder Marijna
    Ras. de getuijgen Mathijs Michielse en Catrijn Uftingh, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  15. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "27 Jan 1697 Gedoopt een Kindt van Nicolaes Ras en Marij van Staden onder getuige van Matijs Michielsz en Hillegont Boon genaemt Catarina
    https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/…."
  16. [S734] VC 604, NGK Baptism Registers 1695-1712 (Cape Town): [10 Maij 1699] van Jan Louwrentz en Elisabet Michielse onder getuyge van Matthijs Michielse en Trijntie Offings gent: - Anna Catrijn, (1695-1712), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/, http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as NGK Baptism Registers 1695-1712 (Cape Town).
  17. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  18. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.151. 8.9.1687: Daniel from Madagascar (15), Claas from the Coast (17/18), and Isak from Madagascar (21/22), sold by Jan Dircx de Beer to Mathijs Michiels for Rds. 70 each.
  19. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.155. 26.1.1690, pp. 299-300: Paulus from Malakka (25/26), sold by Matthijs Michiels to Simon van der Stel for Rds. 50.
  20. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.159. 17.8.1691, pp. 149-150: Thomé from Mombaza (sic) (24/25), and Philip from Malabar (23/24), sold by Jan Dircx de Beer to Matthijs Michielsz for Rds. 120 and Rds. 100 respectively.
  21. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 175.10.1.1697, pp. 135-135 (verso): Daniel from Madagascar (30) and Dirk from Bengal (16), sold by Gerrit Basson to Matthijs Michielsz for f 400.
  22. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, A calendar of bondage in southern Africa, 1550 to 1888, CD-ROM; ISBN 1-86918-063-1; (Cape Town: Ancestry24, September 2007), Sequence IDNO:       1115     
    Slaves First Name:       Daniel     
    Presumed Place Of Origin:       van Madagascar     
    Day Of Sale:       10     
    Month Of Sale:       1     
    Year Of Sale:       1697     
    Trace Possible:       slave comes up for sale again     
    Type Of Name:       Old Testament     
    Continental Origin Code:       Mada&Mau     
    Slaves Age:       20     
    Slaves Gender:       Male     
    Price In Rixdollars:       133     
    Sellers Last Name:       Basson     
    Sellers First Name:       Gerrit     
    Sellers Civil Status:       burgher     
    Sellers Gender:       Male     
    Sellers Domicile:       Table valley     
    Sellers Occupation:       Market Gardener     
    Buyers Last Name:       Michiels     
    Buyers First Name:       Matthijs     
    Buyers Civil Status:       burgher     
    Buyers Gender:       Male     
    Buyers Domicile:       Cape district     
    Buyers Occupation:       farmer     
    Primary Reference:       Transporten en Scheepeniskennis. Hereinafter cited as Changing Hands.
  23. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 178. 19.6.1697, p. 206 (verso): Scipio from Madagascar (22), sold by Symon Langendam, first mate of the Drie Croonen, to Matthijs Michielsen for Rds. 80.
  24. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 186. 30.1.1699: Abraham from Trancqucbare (16), sold by Andreas Frorop to Matthijs Michielsz for Rds. 50.
  25. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 186. 30.1.1699: Anthonij from Trancquebarc (23), sold by Andreas Frorop to Matthijs Michielsz for Rds. 50.
 

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