|NGK Drakenstein Baptisms 1694-1732||NGK Drakenstein Baptisms 1694-1732|
|NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732||NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732|
|Baptism||Maria van Negapatnam was baptized on 8 June 1721 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop. The baptism was witnessed by Hans Heinrich Hatting and Susanna Visser.1,2 See: Baptism of Maria van Negapatnam|
|(ConcubineF) Concubine*||She was the concubine of Jan Coenraad Visser circa 1691 de Caep de Goede Hoop.3|
|De facto-Candidate*||Circa 1701 Maria van Negapatnam and Arendt van Mallebaer may have been in a de facto relationship.4|
|Jan Coenraad Visser b. c 1620, d. c 1700|
|Arendt van Mallebaer b. c 1665|
|Gerrit Evertsz b. c 1669|
|Hendrik Willemz b. c 1680|
|(Witness) Death||Grietje Gerrits died on 7 March 1692 de Caep de Goede Hoop, she was axed to death by her slave, Claes van Malabar, who took offense when she reprimanded him for being late in chopping firewood. Incensed when she rejected his excuse that he had been searching for stray cattle, he called her an old dog. Infuriated, she grabbed a fallen branch to beat him, but he preempted her, and struck her in the face with the axe he had been using to chop the wood. After she collapsed, he continued the assault, and attempted to sever her head. The household was alerted by the screams of the female slave, Maria van Negapatnam, who yelled repeatedly, moeder is dood, moeder is dood.5|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||7 November 1711, the name of Maria was written in the record as Maria van Bengale.6|
|Slave Births||Circa 1669, Maria van Negapatnam was born in bondage Negapatnam, Coromandel Coast.7,8 See: an image of an engravring of Negapatnam van Choromandel|
|Slave Emancipations||On 24 March 1696 de Caep de Goede Hoop Maria van Negapatnam was emancipated by Jan Coenraad Visser along with her children Anthony Visser, Susanna Visser and Jacobus Visser. This emancipation was to take effect on Visser's death which would occur by 1700. However the emancipation may only have become fully effective in 1702.7,9|
|Slaves owned by individuals||Circa 1691 Maria van Negapatnam was owned by Jan Coenraad Visser.10|
- [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register, Maria, geheel bejaarde persoon, van Nagepatnam: getùygen waare haar aangetroùde persoon Hans Hendrik Hatting [son-in-law] en Sùsanna Visser: 8e Jùny 1721.. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S377] Webpage South Africa's Stamouers (http://www.stamouers.com/).
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, based on date of baptism of first child of the couple.
- [S629] Personal communications between Mansell Upham and Delia Robertson, 2010-present. Slaven Kinders der Vrijborgers of Comp[agnies]. Dienaeren: 6 Aug:[ustus]  van Arent de Mallebaar, en Maria van Nagepatnam, onder getuyge van Jan Hendrikse van Elwe en Lijsbeth van Wyk gen:[aem]t Arent.
- [S205] Mansell G. Upham 'Keeping the gate of Hell… 'subliminal racism' & early Cape carnal conversations between black men & white women', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), 18 October 2012. "Page 12. Outraged by his insolence, Grietje grabbed a broken tree branch to beat him. Before she could do so, Claes struck her in her face with the axe."
- [S408] Drakenstein Heemkring, compilers, Drakenstein I Baptisms., CD-ROM (Paarl) Drakenstein Heemkring, 2006 , Baptism Register, 1711; 7de Novembr; Willem. d'Vader Hendrik Willemz, en Maria Van Bengale niet [... ....] getrout; getuygen Ary Derkz van Nek en Anna Hester.. Hereinafter cited as Drakenstein I Baptisms.
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), 29.3.1696. p.44 (verso) - 45 (verso): Maria from Bengal (27/28), manumitted together with her three children Anthony (4), Jacobus (1), Susanna (2) by Jan Coenraad Visscher. The deed was to take effect on Visser's death and Maria was to be allowed to take her possessions, kist and clothes out of the estate.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S629] Mansell Upham.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Lorna:
Susanna, gebore c 1693, was d/v Maria van Negapatnam (ook soms aangegee as van Bengale) en Jan Coenraad Visser, die stamvader. Hy het Maria vrygestel 24.3.1696 saam met haar kinders Anthony (4 jaar oud), Jacobus (1) en Susanna (2). Sien Boeseken se Slaves and Free Blacks p.172.
- [S351] Grahame Naudé, "Dutch East India Company Shipping", Familia (DEIC Shipping) 43 Number 1 (2006). Hereinafter cited as "Dutch East India Company Shipping."
- [S408] Baptism Register, Drakenstein I Baptisms, 1711; 7de Novembr; Willem. d'Vader Hendrik Willemsz, en Maria Van Bengale niet [... ....] getroùt; getùygen Ary Derksz van Nek en Anna Hester.