Adriana van Jaarsveld1
F, #7789, b. circa 1681
|Father*||Aldert van Jaarsveld2 b. b 15 Feb 1639|
|Mother*||Catharina Hoffers2 b. c 1641, d. b 3 Apr 1691|
|NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695||NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695|
|NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695||NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695|
|BirthOrigin*||Adriana was from Rotterdam, , and may have been born there circa 1681.1,3|
|Lovers*||In 1694 Adriana van Jaarsveld and Jantje van Batavia were lovers Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop. Adriana was a 13-year-old in the care of the couple Jacoba Kiggelaar and Johannes Mulder and Jantje a former Asian slave. When the affair was revealed, Jantje was tried under the Statute van Indië which outlawed sex between whites and heathens, moors (Muslims) and other non-christians.|
In the normal course of events, Jantje would have been executed, but because it was revealed at the trial that at the time he and Adriana had been engaging in sex, she was pregnant by a white man, it was decided to delay the sentence until after the birth of child.
In December Adriana was delivered of an apparently white daughter, and Jantje's sentence was commuted to flogging, branding and twenty years hard labour in chains and he was deported to Mauritius.
In September 1699 he asked to be relieved of his chains and received excellent recommendations.4,5
|Marriage*||She married Mahiu de Rijke on 9 January 1695 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.1|
|Mahiu de Rijke b. c 1670|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||Adriana van Jaarsveld was also known as Adriana Hoffers.6|
16 January 1695, the name of Adriana was written in the record as Adriana Jaersveld.7
- [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: ao 1695. 9 Januari. sijn in de huwelijken staet bevestigt Mahiu de Ryke van Ligterveld, weduwenaer met Adriana van Jaarsveld van Rotterdam [My grateful thanks to Mansell Uphman for correcting this transcription.], transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
- [S789] E-mails from Mansell Upham (e-mail address) to Delia Robertson, 10 Apr 2014 (Personal Library, Email Upham).
- [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide - based on being age 13 in 1694 when she was engaged in a sexual relationship with the slave Jantje van Batavia.
- [S205] Mansell G. Upham 'Keeping the gate of Hell… 'subliminal racism' & early Cape carnal conversations between black men & white women', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), 18 October 2012. "In 1694 the shepherd Jantje van Batavia, a manumitted slave and free black, had sexual relations with Adriana van Jaarsveld, a girl aged thirteen living at the home of Jan’s employer in Drakenstein, the landdrost Jan Mulder and his wife. . . .
At his trial, the fiscal demanded death on the gallows, but Jantje, in self-defence, said that Adriaantje had been pregnant before he had sexual intercourse with her. Having heard his defence, the Council of Justice decided that they would delay their final judgement until the child was born. If the child was black, they would send Jantje to the gallows. If white, as it happened to be, the sentence was to be commuted to flogging, branding and a life-time in chains … It was noted in December that:
… Dezen Adriana van een blanck kind verlost zijnde, is de sententie verandert in geselen, brandmercken en ad vitam in de kettingh …
Though there was evidence of the girl’s general promiscuity, the court sentenced Jan to be scourged and sent in chains to Mauritius for twenty years’ hard labour.
In September 1699, word was received from Mauritius concerning Jantje van Batavia. He had petitioned the Cape authorities for clemency begging … that he might be relieved of his chains, and received a very good character and strong recommendation …. "
- [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720, Wes-Kaaplandse Instituut vir Historiese Navorsing, Tygerberg, Cape Town, (1981) 0-909075-65-4 "Die fiskaal het die aandag daarop gevestig dat hulle meermale verkeer het en dat die Statute van Indië uitdruklik bepaal "dat enig heijden, moor of ander onchristen persoon, bij een christen vrouw, 't zij getrouwd of ongetroud boeleerende, sonder enige remissie met de dood gestraft sal werden"."
- [S789] E-mails from Mansell Upham to Delia Robertson, 10 Apr 2014 "G. Con de Wet, Die Vryliede en Vryswartes in die Kaapse nedersetting 1657-1707, p. 213; De Wet refers to her as Adriana Hoffers."
- [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: anno 1695 16 Januar:[ie] een kind van Adriana Jaersveld, genaemt Johanna, getuijgen Mahiu de Rijke en Aeltje Claesje van Ameijde. [My grateful thanks to Mansell Upham for correcting this transcription.], transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).