Hans Ehrentraut1

M, #13546, b. circa 1660, d. before 23 June 1688

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Last Edited19/12/2015
Birth*Hans Ehrentraut was born circa 1660.1
 
Death*He died before 23 June 1688 de Caep de Goede Hoop.1
 

Family

Pieternel b. 1664
Child
Names in the record, in publications, etc.18 March 1686, the name of Hans was written in the record as Hans Evertrout.2
Slave TransactionsOn 18 March 1686 Anthonij van Mozambique was sold by J. Homen to Hans Ehrentraut, for Rds. 50.2
On 5 May 1686 Hans van Madagascar and Paul van Madagascar were sold by William Deeron to Hans Ehrentraut, for Rds. 105.3
On 17 April 1688 Anthonij van Mozambique was sold by public auction from the estate of Hans Ehrentraut to Claes Loopser for f 226. The sale was conducted by the officials Andrijs de Man and Cornelis Linnes.4
On 17 April 1688 Paul van Madagascar was sold by public auction from the estate of Hans Ehrentraut to Willem ten Damme for f 150.5
Slave EmancipationsOn 23 June 1688 Jantje van Batavia was emancipated by Hans Ehrentraut de Caep de Goede Hoop, was manumitted by the orphan-masters at the behest of his deceased owner.6,7,8,9
On 23 June 1688 Pieternel was manumitted by the orphan-masters at the behest of her deceased owner Hans Ehrentraut, according to his wishes as expressed prior to his death. Hattingh says however, that relevant Transporten en Schepenkennisse documents do not include a statement that the orphan-masters were acting in accordance with the expressed wishes of the deceased owner, rather that they were acting independently. He adds that Böseken made up the quotations she used in the case of both Jantje van Batavia and Pieternella van de Caep. It is true that Böeseken made some errors; and that there were ommissions in her work, some quite egregious, but I question whether she manufactured quotations. I wonder if she had seen the will which had never been witnessed, and therefor not proved, and then failed to properly reference it it in her work. Further research is needed in these two transactions.10,9
Slaves owned by individualsBefore 23 June 1688 Jantje van Batavia was owned by Hans Ehrentraut.11,12

Citations

  1. [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia of the Germans at the Cape, 1652-1806, Archives Year Book for South African History (Cape Town: Government Printer, Union of South Africa, 1946), EHRENTRAUT, HANS.- ? Burgher, mentioned as deceased 1695. (CJ 725: 246.). Hereinafter cited as Personalia.
  2. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.144. 18.3.1686: A slave from Mozambique, sold by Captain J. Homen to Hans Evertrout for Rds. 50.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  3. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.145. 5.5.1686: Hans and Paul from Madagascar, respectively 20 and 22, sold by Will Deeron to Hans Ehrentraut for Rds. 105.
  4. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.152. 17.4.1688, pp. 91-92: Anthonij from Mozambique (18), sold by public auction by Andries de Man and Cornelis Linnes ex the estate of Hans Erentraul to Nicolaas Loupscher for f 226.
  5. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.152. 17.4.1688, pp. 93-94: Paul from Madagascar (20) sold by public auction ex
    the estate of Hans Erentraut to Willem ten Damme for f 150.
  6. [S205] Mansell G. Upham 'Keeping the gate of Hell… 'subliminal racism' & early Cape carnal conversations between black men & white women', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), 18 October 2012. "He had been the slave of Hans Erentraut and was freed …de gewenschte en dierbare vrijheijt … by the orphan masters at the age of 22/23 on 23 June 1688 in accordance with the wish expressed by his master before his death."
  7. [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720, Wes-Kaaplandse Instituut vir Historiese Navorsing, Tygerberg, Cape Town, (1981) 0-909075-65-4 "In die hofstukke [1694] word gemeld dat Jan van Batavia ses jaar vantevore as 'n 22 jarige met die afsterwe van Hans Ehrentraut, ingevolge dié se testament, deur die Weeskamer vrygestel is."
  8. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.153. 23.6.1688, pp. 136-137: Jantje from Batavia (22/23), freed by orphan-masters in accordance with the wish expressed by Hans Erentraut before his death. As expressed in the will: " ... de gewenschte en dierbare vrijheijt".
  9. [S606] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "A.J. Böeseken se Addendum van Kaapse slawe-verkoopstransaksies: Foute en regstellings", Kronos (Foute en regstellings) 9 (1984): Op die volgende bladsy (153) van die addendum word nog twee dokumente onnoukeurig opgesom en voorgehou. Die eerste een lees:

    "23.6.1688, pp. 136-137: Jantje from Batavia (22/23), freed by orphan-masters in accordance with the wish expressed by Hans Erentraut before his death. As expressed in the will: '…de gewenschte en dierbare vrijheijt'."

    By die tweede onder dieselfde datum, is dit weer Petronella van die Kaap (23/24) wat ooreenkomstig Erentraut se voordoodse wens deur die Weeskamer vrygestel word. Lees ons egter die betrokke dokumente self blyk dit anders te wees. Daarin verklaar die verteenwoordigers van die Weeskamer uitdruklik, dat ondanks die feit dat Erentraut nie genoeg tyd voor sy oorlye gehad het om voor geloofwaardige getuies sy laaste wens bekend te kon maak nie, hulle nietemin besluit om die twee slawe vry te stel. Die Stellings: "As expressed in the will" en "in accordance with the wish expressed" is dus toevoegings van Böeseken wat glad en geheel nie strook met die letterlike inhoud van die dokumente wat dit voorgee om te rapporteur nie. In werklikheid het die Weeskamer op eie houtjie gehandel omdat daar juis geen getuienis was dat dit die wens van Erentraut was nie.. Hereinafter cited as "Foute en regstellings."
  10. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.153. 23.6.1688. pp. 138-139: Petronella from the Cape (23/24), manumitted by orphan-masters according to the wish expressed by Hans Erentraut before his death.
  11. [S205] Mansell G. Upham 'UL06 Keeping the gate of Hell…', Uprooted Lives Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "In 1694 the shepherd Jantje van Batavia, a manumitted slave and free black. . ."
  12. [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720 "In die hofstukke word gemeld dat Jan van Batavia ses jaar vantevore as 'n 22 jarige met die afsterwe van Hans Ehrentraut, ingevolge dié se testament, deur die Weeskamer vrygestel is."
  13. [S672] NGK Baptism Records Cape Town 1652 to 1695: Den [12 November 1684]. Joannes
    Hans [H/Geentruij] [sic: Erentraut], de moeder Pyttie, slavin
    Jan Holtsmits Mary, (1652 to 1695), unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as NGK Baptism Records Cape Town 1652 to 1695.
 

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