Thomas Keuken van Angola1

M, #13913, b. circa 1645

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Last Edited13/02/2016
BirthOrigin*Thomas was from Angola and may have been born there circa 1645.2,3 
(Slave) ShipVoyage On 14 October 1657 the Amersfoort departed Vlie enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it docked on 28 March 1658. With more than half the journey completed, on 23 January 1658, probably off the coast of Angola, the Amersfoort sighted a Portuguese slaver with 500 slaves on board. After a 24-hour chase, the vessel was captured, and 250 slaves were taken aboard the Amersfoort for the journey to the Cape. The crippled Portuguese vessel was abandoned to whatever fate might befall her, 250 slaves and her crew.

Of those, when the Amersfoort heaved to in Table Bay two months later, only 174 had made it alive, most them, according to Jan van Riebeeck "girls and small boys" - among them were Thomas Keuken van Angola.4,5,6 
(Slave) InventoryRoeloff's estate was inventoried on 27 March 1663 Cabo de Goede Hoop. Three unnamed Angolan slaves were included as among his possessions. They were probably three of the following four slaves: Thomas Keuken van Angola, Domingo van Angola, Maaij Claesje van Angola and Jackie Joy van Angola.7,8 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.20 April 1662, the name of Thomas was written in the record as Tomaso van Angola.9,10
Slave TransactionsThomas Keuken van Angola, Domingo van Angola, Maaij Claesje van Angola and Jan Meeuw van Angola were sold by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, to Roeloff de Man and Abraham Gabbema on 20 April 1662 Cabo de Goede Hoop.11,12,9
Slaves owned by individualsBetween 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 Thomas Keuken van Angola was owned by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck.13

Citations

  1. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service as transcribed and annotated by Mansell Upham, Guinees
    Dirck ende Dirckie [Hoewj/Hoen(a)/Anna]           


                                  Angools
    Hier onder heeft den Commandeur een Angools [Marij Pekenijn] tegen een Madagascarsz slavin [Eva van Madagascar] die per abujis onder d'Angoolse na Bat:a[via] gesonden is
                                  
    Mathijs en: Marselij [Claesje?]
    Domingo en: Francyn
    Tomas Keuken ende Marij
    Klaes Kelder
    Jan Meeu en: Marij Pekenijn
    Jackie Joij
    Ouwe Jan en Isabel [Maaij Isabella?]

    Meijndert van Antongil                becoming van den Coopman Cops

    Marij van Bengale [Maria da Costa]          door Jacob Reijniersz op Batavia laten                                    coopen aen de heer gesonden

    Domingo [sic Elisabeth van Bengale] ende          van d'heer Kemp hier aen de Caep becomen
    Angela [Maaij Ans(i)ela van Bengale] van ditto [Batavia]

    Eva en haer soontie                    voor S:[ieu]r Verburgh op Madagascar                                    voor den Commande:[u]r gecoght sijnde                                    dese Eva per abuijs onder d'Angoolse                                    slavinnen na Batavia gesonden als hier                                    voren aengeseijen
    Jan Bruijn

    Cleijn Eva                         door den Coningh van Antongil aen der                                    Commande:[u]rs vrou tot vereeringh                                         gesonden

    Cornelia ende
    Lijsbeth                          van Abissina door den Fransen admiral                                    Lacrox aen den Commande:[u]rs vrouw vereert

    [Note in margin about the last 5 slaves]     

    dese 5 lijfeijgenen sijn deur Comp:[agni]e goedt gedaen onder dato 2en Maij a:[nn]o 1657

    Welcke 2 laeste door ordre van d'e:[del]e h:[ee]r Van Goens den overleden onder coopman Verburghs huijsvrou ende den sieckentroost:[er]r ter Van der Staels vrou elck een provisioneel tot haar dienst sijn geleendt van allen t' welcke wij onder geschreven raedts personen des forts de Goede Hoop bij dese oirconde wil connen kennisse ende wetenschap te hebben ende volgens desen en please van acto in forma onderteijkent
    Actum in't Fort voorsz: desen 1en September a:[nno] 1659
    [signed] Roeloff de Man

    Van alle 't bovenstaande, ick ondergeschreven verclaer, mede kennisse te hebben, excepto van Marij van Bengale, Eva ende Jan Bruijn haer soontjen, die voor mijn arrivement alhier aen de Caep geweest t' sijn: doch wel uijt den monde van andere gehoort, datse gelijck boven verhoedt gecoght, ende also hier gecomen waren.
    [signed] Abraham Gabbema.
  2. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 125. 20.4.1662, 1, p. 306: Domingo, Jan, Thomasso, Claesje, all from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to Roelof de Man.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  3. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service as transcribed and annotated by Mansell Upham,.
  4. [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "This was followed by the arrival of the Amersfoort (March 1658) offloading a cargo of mostly Brazil-bound Angola slave children (170 of whom 125 were not sent to Batavia) captured from the Portuguese off the coast of Brazil (sometime in January 1658)..."
  5. [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.113; March 28th. N. W. breeze. The Amersfoort casts anchor; had 323 men on her, 29 dead and 30 sick. The weakest brought on shore and exchanged for others. Was provided with refreshments for the crew and the slaves who were brought on shore, already reduced to 170 in number. Many of them still very ill; most of them girls and small boys, from whom for the next 4 or 5 years very little can be got.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
  6. [S522] André van Rensburg, "Capensis (The Amersfoort)," October 2000. Hereinafter cited as "The Amersfoort."
  7. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 126. 27.3.1663, 11, p. 67: Roelof de Man died on the 6th of March 1663. The inventory of his possessions was signed on the 27th of March. One item was given as "drie Angoolse sla ven en slavinnen".
  8. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 27.3.1663     CTD 2, p.66
    Inventaris van die boedel van Roelof de Man, oorlede op 6 Maart [1662] en in lewe onderkoopman en tweede in bevel aan die Kaap, waarvan die laaste inskrywing van 'n lang lys besittings lees: ‘drie angoolse slaven en slavinnen’. [Geen name vermeld.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  9. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 20.4.1662     CTD I, p.306 [Verlore]
    Jan van Riebeeck, kommandeur, verkoop aan Roeloff de Man, onderkoopman en Abraham Gabbema, fiskaal, vier Angolese slawe en slavinne, Domingo, Jan, Tomaso en Claesje. [Geen bedrag of ouderdom vermeld.]
  10. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 125.
  11. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 125. 20.4.1662, 1, p. 306: Domingo, Jan, Thomasso, Claesje, all from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to Roelof de Man. [DR: Jan later become known as Jan Meeuw van Angola]
  12. [S606] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "A.J. Böeseken se Addendum van Kaapse slawe-verkoopstransaksies: Foute en regstellings", Kronos (Foute en regstellings) 9 (1984): 20.4.1662: Roelof de Man en Abraham Gabbema is die twee kopers van die vier slawe vermeld.. Hereinafter cited as "Foute en regstellings."
  13. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service as transcribed and annotated by Mansell Upham.
 

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