Christijn van Angola1
F, #13920, b. circa 1648
|Birth*||Christijn van Angola was born circa 1648 in Angola.1|
|Deuxsous van Guinea b. c 1628|
|Duplicate?*||It is possible that Regina van Rapenberg van Guinea and Christijn van Angola are the same individual. The daughter of Lijsbeth Jans, who is a strong candidate to be the daughter of Regina, is named as Regina Christina in the 1712 monsterrol (muster) and as Regina Kristina when she baptises her own daughter Katrina on 24 July 1712.2,3,4|
|(Slave) ShipVoyage|| On 14 October 1657 the Amersfoort departed Vlie enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it docked on 28 March 1658. With more than half the journey completed, on 23 January 1658, probably off the coast of Angola, the Amersfoort sighted a Portuguese slaver with 500 slaves on board. After a 24-hour chase, the vessel was captured, and 250 slaves were taken aboard the Amersfoort for the journey to the Cape. The crippled Portuguese vessel was abandoned to whatever fate might befall her, 250 slaves and her crew.|
Of those, when the Amersfoort heaved to in Table Bay two months later, only 174 had made it alive, most them, according to Jan van Riebeeck "girls and small boys" - among them were Christijn van Angola.5,6,7
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||22 April 1662, the name of Christijn was written in the record as Christina van Angola.8|
|Slave Transactions||On 28 September 1661 Marij van de Caep was sold by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, to Abraham Gabbema de Caep de Goede Hoop, she would have been less than 3 years old and was sold away from her mother Christijn van Angola and her father Deuxsous van Guinea.9,10|
On 22 April 1662 Christijn van Angola was sold by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck to Elbert Diemer de Caep de Goede Hoop.11,8
|Slaves owned by individuals||After 28 March 1658 Christijn van Angola was owned by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck.1|
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.125, 28.9.1661, I, p. 278: Mary, child of Deuzsous from Guinea and Christijn from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to Abraham Gabbema. Age and price not mentioned in the document.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
- [S658] Mansell Upham 'Made or Marred by Time - the Other Armozijn & two enslaved Arabian 'princesses' at the Cape of Good Hope (1656)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), March 2012. "Endnote 152: ...she appears to be same person as Christina (Christijn) [sic] van Angola [sic?] whom Van Riebeeck sold (20 April 1662) to Elbert Dircksz: Diemer (from Emmerich)."
- [S706] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1712 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/), "Jacobus van Eede & Regina Christina van Arensdorp."
- [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register, Katrina, d'Vader Jacobus van Eden, Moeder Regina Kristina, getuygen Hendrik Loots met Lijsbeth Jansen, 24 July 1712.. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "This was followed by the arrival of the Amersfoort (March 1658) offloading a cargo of mostly Brazil-bound Angola slave children (170 of whom 125 were not sent to Batavia) captured from the Portuguese off the coast of Brazil (sometime in January 1658)..."
- [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.113; March 28th. N. W. breeze. The Amersfoort casts anchor; had 323 men on her, 29 dead and 30 sick. The weakest brought on shore and exchanged for others. Was provided with refreshments for the crew and the slaves who were brought on shore, already reduced to 170 in number. Many of them still very ill; most of them girls and small boys, from whom for the next 4 or 5 years very little can be got.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
- [S522] André van Rensburg, "Capensis (The Amersfoort)," October 2000. Hereinafter cited as "The Amersfoort."
- [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 22.4.1662 CTD I, p.289 [Verlore]
Jan van Riebeeck, kommandeur, verkoop aan Elbert Dircx Diemer, vryburger, die Angolese slavin Christina. [Geen ouderdom of bedrag vermeld.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.125, 28.9.1661, I, p. 278: Mary, child of Deuxsous from Guinea and Christijn from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to Abraham Gabbema. Age and price not mentioned in the document.
- [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 28.9.1661 CTD I, p.278 [Verlore.]
Jan van Riebeeck, kommandeur, verkoop aan Abraham Gabbema, fiskaal, die ‘slavinnetjie’ Marij, hier gebore van ‘n Guineese slaaf Deuxsous en sy eie Angolese slavin Christijn. [Geen ouderdom of bedrag vermeld.]
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.125, 22.4.1662, 1, p. 289: Christina from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to
Elbert Dirckx Diemer.