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Last Edited21/10/2017
(Witness) PeopleGroup The Goringhaiqua and Goringhaicona, as also the Gorachouqua, were one people under the overall leadership of Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua.1 
PeopleGroup* In 1657 Chora was the leader of the Gorachouqua, a Khoen group which Van Riebeeck said comprised about 600-700 fighting men. The number of women and children was not recorded, but if each of these men had a wife and just one child, the group would have numbered around 1,800-2,100. Van Riebeeck recorded that they were rich in cattle. The settlers also referred to them as the tobacco thieves, after they earlier stole stome tobacco plants. They also appear in the record as Chorachouqua. Together with the Goringhaicona and the Gorachouquas they were one people, although quite fractious at times, with the Goringhaiquas being the senior group. They were the ancestral people of the modern day Korana. The Gorachouqua included the following indidividuals: Gaking.2,3,4 


  1. [S846] I. Schapera, editor, The early Cape Hottentots: Olfert Dapper, Willem ten Rhyne en Johannes Gulielmus de
    (http://www.dbnl.org/index.php: DBNL digitale bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse letteren, 2011), Schapera: p.11: footnote 10: Also mentioned in the records as Choeringaina, Goeringaiqua, Goringhoina, etc., a name which Wuras (op cit., 288) translates as 'those who dip water out of fountains,' but which Maingard (op. cit., 111) suggests with more probability as being equivalent to !kurin //aikwa, or 'proud people,' one of the later Korana tribes. Together with the Goringhaikona and Gorachouqua they constituted a single tribe, of which their leader Gogosoa was the principal chief; but it is evident enough from the early records that these different sections were continually bickering and fighting amongst themselves.. Hereinafter cited as The early Cape Hottentots.
  2. [S406] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol III 1659-1662 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954), p.82. Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol III 1659-1662.
  3. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Letters Despatched 1652-1662 to which are added land grants, attestations, Journal of voyage to Tristan da Cunha, names of freemen, &c. Vol III, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W.A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, 1900), p.239-240. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope.
  4. [S846] I. Schapera, The early Cape Hottentots, p.9-11, including notes.

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