Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua1
M, #17481, b. circa 1562
|BirthOrigin*||Gogosoa was presumably born in the area of what is now Cape Town and was perhaps born circa 1562. He was said to be 'quite a hundred years old' in 1662 - but this was merely an observation.2|
|(Leader) PeopleGroup||In 1652 Gogosoa was the leader of the Goringhaiqua, a Khoen group which Van Riebeeck said comprised about 300 fighting men. The number of women and children was not recorded, but if each of these men had a wife and just one child, the group would have numbered around 900. They lived closest to the VOC settlement and claimed the area as their own. They also appear in the record as Choeringaina, Goeringaiqua and Goringhoina, and were also called Caepmans/Caapmans by the settlers. Together with the Goringhaicona and the Gorachouquas they were one people, although quite fractious at times, with the Goringhaiquas being the senior group. They were the ancestral people of the modern day Korana . The Goringhaiquas included the following indidividuals: Osinghkamma, Khuma, Otegno, Doman and Osaoa.3|
|(Leader) PeopleGroup||The Goringhaiqua and Goringhaicona, as also the Gorachouqua, were one people under the overall leadership of Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua.4|
|(King) Abduction|| Between 22 June 1658 and 23 June 1658 Schacher, Pieter and Osaoa were abducted by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck and the council in an attempt to force Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua to hand over to the settlers the slaves (most if not all of whom were Angolan) who had recently absconded. They were held against their will in the kitchen of the surgeon, and were to be well treated. This enraged Doman of the Goringhaiqua who blamed the develoment on Krotoa of the Goringhaicona and he proceeded to insistently demand that in the interests of fairness that one of Herry of the Goringhaicona's people also be detained. After consulting Willem Bastincq a visiting senior merchant, the council resolved to also take Jan Cou as a hostage, which was immediately done.5|
|Notes||15 November 1657 Krotoa of the Goringhaicona interpreted during a visit of a high ranking member of the Chainouquas who had received gifts of copper, tobacco, an axe, and chains. A dispute arose about whether this individual was the king or not and gifts of copper and tobacco were also given to two other senior ranking individuals. The dispute drew in the other interpreters Otegno of the Goringhaiqua and Autshumao of the Goringhaicona both of whom then also received gifts. In the ensuing exchanges, Herry (Ausshumao) became even more angry when it was suggested that Chobona of the Chobona was the overall leader of the Khoe in the region, rather than Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua.6|
- [S846] I. Schapera, editor, The early Cape Hottentots: Olfert Dapper, Willem ten Rhyne en Johannes Gulielmus de
Grevenbroek (http://www.dbnl.org/index.php: DBNL digitale bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse letteren, 2011), Schapera: p.3: Wreede therefore seems to have been the most likely person at the Cape to supply Dapper with information about the Hottentots. There is also a certain amount of internal evidence to suggest that the account upon which Dapper drew was written about the time that Wreede's vocabulary was compiled, i.e. 1662-1663. Thus of the old chief Gogosoa he says, 'In 1662 he was, according to the accounts of men already there, quite a hundred years old';.... Hereinafter cited as The early Cape Hottentots.
- [S846] I. Schapera, The early Cape Hottentots, Schapera: p.3: [George Frederick] Wreede therefore seems to have been the most likely person at the Cape to supply Dapper with information about the Hottentots. There is also a certain amount of internal evidence to suggest that the account upon which Dapper drew was written about the time that Wreede's vocabulary was compiled, i.e. 1662-1663. Thus of the old chief Gogosoa he says, 'In 1662 he was, according to the accounts of men already there, quite a hundred years old';...
- [S846] I. Schapera, The early Cape Hottentots, p.11, including notes.
- [S846] I. Schapera, The early Cape Hottentots, Schapera: p.11: footnote 10: Also mentioned in the records as Choeringaina, Goeringaiqua, Goringhoina, etc., a name which Wuras (op cit., 288) translates as 'those who dip water out of fountains,' but which Maingard (op. cit., 111) suggests with more probability as being equivalent to !kurin //aikwa, or 'proud people,' one of the later Korana tribes. Together with the Goringhaikona and Gorachouqua they constituted a single tribe, of which their leader Gogosoa was the principal chief; but it is evident enough from the early records that these different sections were continually bickering and fighting amongst themselves.
- [S405] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954), p.129-130. Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.88-89.
- [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.138. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.300.