Khamy of the Goringhaicona1
M, #17304, b. circa 1630
|Birth*||Khamy of the Goringhaicona was born circa 1630 in de Caep de Goede Hoop, the date is estimated.2|
|(Member) PeopleGroup||Autshumao was the leader of the Goringhaicona, a very small group of Khoen which Van Riebeeck said comprised about 18 men. The number of women and children was not recorded, but if each of these men had a wife and just one child, the group would have numbered around 54. They occupied just four or five huts and they lived and mostly survived off beachcombing on the Cape peninsula at the time the VOC settlement began. They also traded with passing ships and later also with the settlers. Within a few years their numbers grew and they also became stock owners, and were employed by the settlers to do menial work. They were also known as the Watermans. The Goringhaicona included the following indidividuals: Khaik Ana Ma Koukoa, Krotoa, Hemoao Khatimaä, Hum Tha Saankhumma, Khamy, Khonomao Namtesij, Lubbert, Beijmakoukoa-Danhou, Pn, Pn, Boubo and Thoe Maka Koa.3|
|(Abductee2) Abduction|| Between 22 June 1658 and 23 June 1658 Schacher, Pieter and Osaoa were abducted by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck and the council in an attempt to force Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua to hand over to the settlers the slaves (most if not all of whom were Angolan) who had recently absconded. They were held against their will in the kitchen of the surgeon, and were to be well treated. This enraged Doman of the Goringhaiqua who blamed the develoment on Krotoa of the Goringhaicona and he proceeded to insistently demand that in the interests of fairness that one of Herry of the Goringhaicona's people also be detained. After consulting Willem Bastincq a visiting senior merchant, the council resolved to also take Jan Cou as a hostage, which was immediately done.4|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||8 July 1658, the name of Khamy was written in the record as Jan Cou of the Goringhaicona.1|
8 July 1658, the name of Khamy was written in the record as Jan Cou.1
- [S405] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954), p.143. Herry appears before the Council once more. After a long examination, we gathered from him the names of his people, viz:–
Autshumao, called by us Herry, the author of all the evil, &c.
Khonomao Namtesy, alias Claes.
Hemaoa Khatimaä, Herry's great servant; both murderers of the boy David, according to Herry's confession, but out of the way and not to be found.
Khamy, alias Jan Cou, sheep-stealer.
Boubo, alias Symon, also but doubtfully accused of the murder, and therefore imprisoned with Herry.
Arre, Namtesy’s brother.
Bymam-Kakoa-Danhou, alias Orenbare.
Khaik Ana Makouka, alias Claes Das.
Thoo Makakoa, hit the other day by the sergeant with a charge of shot in his buttocks.. Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.143.
- [S846] I. Schapera, editor, The early Cape Hottentots: Olfert Dapper, Willem ten Rhyne en Johannes Gulielmus de
Grevenbroek (http://www.dbnl.org/index.php: DBNL digitale bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse letteren, 2011), p.9. cf.5,6. Hereinafter cited as The early Cape Hottentots.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.129-130.