Doman of the Goringhaiqua1
M, #17314, b. circa 1630
|Birth*||Doman of the Goringhaiqua was born circa 1630 in de Caep de Goede Hoop, date is estimated.1|
|(Member) PeopleGroup||In 1652 Gogosoa was the leader of the Goringhaiqua, a Khoen group which Van Riebeeck said comprised about 300 fighting men. The number of women and children was not recorded, but if each of these men had a wife and just one child, the group would have numbered around 900. They lived closest to the VOC settlement and claimed the area as their own. They also appear in the record as Choeringaina, Goeringaiqua and Goringhoina, and were also called Caepmans/Caapmans by the settlers. Together with the Goringhaicona and the Gorachouquas they were one people, although quite fractious at times, with the Goringhaiquas being the senior group. They were the ancestral people of the modern day Korana . The Goringhaiquas included the following indidividuals: Osinghkamma, Khuma, Otegno, Doman and Osaoa.2|
|(Servant) ShipVoyage||On 19 April 1657 the Oranje departed the Cape enroute to Batavia where it docked on a date to be confirmed. Among those on board were Rijcklof van Goens, the visiting Commissioner who took with him, apparently as a servant, the Goringhaiqua interpreter Doman of the Goringhaiqua.3|
|(Witness) Abduction|| Between 22 June 1658 and 23 June 1658 Schacher, Pieter and Osaoa were abducted by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck and the council in an attempt to force Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua to hand over to the settlers the slaves (most if not all of whom were Angolan) who had recently absconded. They were held against their will in the kitchen of the surgeon, and were to be well treated. This enraged Doman of the Goringhaiqua who blamed the develoment on Krotoa of the Goringhaicona and he proceeded to insistently demand that in the interests of fairness that one of Herry of the Goringhaicona's people also be detained. After consulting Willem Bastincq a visiting senior merchant, the council resolved to also take Jan Cou as a hostage, which was immediately done.4|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||12 December 1655, the name of Doman was written in the record as Domine of the Goringhaiqua.1|
|Notes||By on 21 March 1658 Doman of the Goringhaiqua had returned to the Cape from Batavia and expressed an interest in accompanying a settler expedition to the far interior.5|
On 5 May 1660 Chora of the Gorachouqua arrived at the settlement with a retinue of about 100 men, to treat for peace. As was customary he brought with him 13 head of cattle as a peace offering. This overture was accepted by the settlers, presumably led by the commander, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck. They had been accompanied by Autshumao of the Goringhaicona and Doman of the Goringhaiqua acting as interpreters and mediators and who also sought the removal of the removal of the settlers from their pastures. This was rejected. Also present was Ankeijsaoa of the Goringhaiqua, who at his request was also included in the peace treaty.6,7,8
|Company Journal||On 12 December 1655 in the Company Journal, as translated: (Sunday). Arrival of English ship, Jan Anthamis or Jan Baptist of 200 tons, Captain Thomas Poth, and merchant Nathaniel Davidts; on board; 24th April, from London and going to Bantam; had touched at Cape Verde, which it left on the 24th August: had lost in the long voyage of 8 months to this 10 men, and still had about 40 sick on board; requested to have refreshments and water; kindly allowed to take a lot of vegetables on board; also gave them 2 cows and 3 or 4 sheep, and allowed 10 or 12 of their sick into our hospital; were very grateful, and dined with the Commander, who bade them welcome. Sloop returns, having brought sheep to Robben Island; one had died; a large shed required there; do not possess the material. Obtained 6 cows and ditto sheep. Natives tell us that Herry is not inclined to serve as interpreter, but when ships arrive he is ready to fill his bags with bread, rice and wine; his copper had not been stolen, but he had exchanged it for cattle and sheep, so that he also had become a great Captain and asked very little after us, which we will discover more every day, &c. A certain Hottentoo called by us Doman, or Domine because he was such a very simple-minded man, and Claes Das having been asked by us whether this was true, affirmed it, adding that it was he who had stolen the Company's cattle 2 years ago, and that his sons had murdered the Dutch boy, telling us also how the whole was managed. Denied that the Capemen had anything to do with it, showing with evidence in what way Herry had with his gang committed the crime, against the wish of the Cape and Saldanha men. Capemen though unwilling to part with their cattle wished to be friends of the whites, and mediators between us and the Saldanhars in trade; and if we wished to prove what they had said we were to seize Herry, when he again came, when he would soon make a clean breast of it and send for his cattle, of which he has a large number, to regain his liberty. Being asked whether in case we did it, the Saldanha and Capemen would not run away thinking they might share the same fate, they said no, but on the contrary would be much obliged and more inclined to bring us more cattle, as no one feels kindly disposed towards Herry because he is such a big talker, and was continually rendering false reports from one side to the other. We might inquire from the son of the big Captain of the Capemen, and we would soon find out the feelings against Herry. Sent 5 men to the southern point of False Bay, where the men who had gone with Herry had found some mussels; each had to bring a bag full for us to examine.1|
- [S673] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, December 1651 - December 1653, Van Riebeeck's Journal, &c. Part I, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.251. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal 1651-1653.
- [S846] I. Schapera, editor, The early Cape Hottentots: Olfert Dapper, Willem ten Rhyne en Johannes Gulielmus de
Grevenbroek (http://www.dbnl.org/index.php: DBNL digitale bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse letteren, 2011), p.11, including notes.. Hereinafter cited as The early Cape Hottentots.
- [S405] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954), p.58. Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.129-130.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658, p.109.
- [S405] H.B. Thom editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658.
- [S406] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol III 1659-1662 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954). Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol III 1659-1662.
- [S844] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal III, 1659-1662, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897). Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal III 1659-1662.