Krotoa of the Goringhaicona1

F, #8000, b. circa 1643, d. 29 July 1674

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
Last Edited24/03/2014
Birth*Krotoa of the Goringhaicona was born circa 1643 at Robben Island in de Caep de Goede Hoop.2,3
 
BaptismKrotoa of the Goringhaicona was baptized on 3 May 1662 (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop. The baptism was witnessed by Roeloff de Man, Pieter van der Stael and Dom:e Petrus Sijbelius. The baptism was performed by Dom:e Petrus Sijbelius.4,5 
Marriage*She married Sr. Pieter van Meerhof on 2 June 1664 (Cape Town).6,7,3
 
Death*She died on 29 July 1674 Robben Island, de Caep de Goede Hoop.8
 
Journal* On 22 November 1663 Zacharias Wagenaer noted in his journal: This morning we were told that our interpretess Krotoa of the Goringhaicona who had disappeared last Friday with both her children, without saying a word, was staying in the country with a freeman named Thielman Hendricx , whose house is situated right in the way leading to the aforesaid Hottentoos; but as her brother-in-law, Oedasoa, takes little interest in her (as it is said) we doubt whether we shall fetch her back, or leave her there, as this lewd vixen (die lichtvaerdige prije) has often played us this trick, throwing aside her clean and neat clothes, and instead, using stinking old cattle hides, just like all other dirty Hottentoo women do.9 
NameRecordThe name of Krotoa of the Goringhaicona was written in the record as Eva 1 September 1666.3 
(Owner) SlaveTransaction On 23 October 1669 Jan Vos, owned by the widow of Pieter van Meerhoff, Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, was placed in the care of the Church Council.10 
Name VariationKrotoa of the Goringhaicona was also known as Eva Meerhoff.11 

Family 1

Sr. Pieter van Meerhof b. c 1640, d. b 27 Feb 1668
Children

Family 2

Children

Citations

  1. [S550] Mansell Upham 'In a kind of custody: For Eva's sake; who speaks for Krotoa' 4 August 2010, "p.6."
  2. [S550] Mansell Upham 'In a kind of custody.' "p.6, c. 1643-1674."
  3. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: ao 1666
    den 1e Sept: een soontie van Sr Pieter Meerhof en Eva syn huysvrouw wiert genaemt Salomon de getuygen waren Lydia Lacus Joannes Koon en Pieter Schenckenbergh, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  4. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', January 2012, Den 3:en d:o heeft dom:e Sijbelius wederom een predikatie gedaen, ende gedoopt een bejaarde vrous persoon de eerste van dese ingeborene lantsluiden
    Meij anno 1662
    lantsluiden, genaemt Hottentoos, is genaemt met den naem Eva de getuijen sijn Roelof de Man, ondercoopman, en tweede persoon van deser fortresse, en Pieter vander Stael kranckbesoeck:r mede van deser fortresse."
  5. [S550] Mansell Upham 'In a kind of custody.' "p.6, She was the Cape's first indigene to be baptized (3 May 1662 as "Eva") and to marry according to Christian rites (2 June 1664)."
  6. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)' "Monday 2 June 1664: Pieter [van] Meerhoff (from Copenhagen [Zealand/Sjaelland, Denmark]) & Eva [born Krotoa of Goringhaicona clan]."
  7. [S550] Mansell Upham 'In a kind of custody.' "p.6, She was the Cape's first indigene to be baptized (3 May 1662 as "Eva") and to marry according to Christian rites (2 June 1664)."
  8. [S550] Mansell Upham 'In a kind of custody.' "p.6, Detained and banished without trial to Robben Island. Died there (29 July 1674) aged 31 years."
  9. [S574] H.C.V. Leibbrandt Compiler, (Castle Street, Cape Town: W.A. Richards & Sons, 1901). Hereinafter cited as Journal 1662-1670 - Zacharias Wagenaer.
  10. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), pp. 127-128.23.10.1669, III, p. 303: Jan Vos, a slave belonging to the widow of Jan [Pieter] van Meerhoff, was placed in the care of the Church Council. In the margin a note added on 1.1.1670 states that Jan Vos had been hired out to Jan Verhagen for one month.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  11. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): ao 1673
    Den 6 August's
    Een soontje van Eva Meerhoff ................ wiert genaemt Anthonij, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  12. [S605] Mansell G. Upham, "Who were the children of Eva Meerhoff", Capensis 4/1998 [Upham ... Eva's children] 4/1998 (November 1998): p.14. Hereinafter cited as "Eva's Children."
  13. [S687] VC 603, Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, baptisms. Cape Archives Verbatim Copies, (1665-1696), Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa: [ao 1666]
    den 12 Sept: een soontje van Sr Pieter Meerhof en Eva syn huysvrouw genaemt Salomon; de getuigen ward Lydia Lacus, Joannes Koon en Pieter Klinckenbergh
    [Thanks to Mansell Upham for clarifying this transcription]. Photocopy image thanks to Mansell Upham. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, baptisms.
  14. [S687] VC 603, Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, baptisms, 1665-1696, Western Cape Archives and Records Service: [ao 1670]
    23 Novb'. Een soontje van Eva wiert genaamt Jéronimus, tot getùige stont Joannis a Bolten als School meester.
 

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