Khuma of the Goringhaiqua1
M, #18886, b. circa 1625
|Father*||Gogosoa of the Goringhaiqua1,2,3 b. c 1562|
|BirthOrigin*||Khuma was presumably born in the area of what is now Cape Town and was perhaps born circa 1625. The date is estimated. His father was said to be about one hundred years old in 1662 - but that was based on an observation.1|
|(Member) PeopleGroup||In 1652 Gogosoa was the leader of the Goringhaiqua, a Khoen group which Van Riebeeck said comprised about 300 fighting men. The number of women and children was not recorded, but if each of these men had a wife and just one child, the group would have numbered around 900. They lived closest to the VOC settlement and claimed the area as their own. They also appear in the record as Choeringaina, Goeringaiqua and Goringhoina, and were also called Caepmans/Caapmans by the settlers. Together with the Goringhaicona and the Gorachouquas they were one people, although quite fractious at times, with the Goringhaiquas being the senior group. They were the ancestral people of the modern day Korana . The Goringhaiquas included the following indidividuals: Osinghkamma, Khuma, Otegno, Doman and Osaoa.1|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||After 1652, the name of Khuma was written in the record as Jan of the Goringhaiqua.1|
- [S846] I. Schapera, editor, The early Cape Hottentots: Olfert Dapper, Willem ten Rhyne en Johannes Gulielmus de
Grevenbroek (http://www.dbnl.org/index.php: DBNL digitale bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse letteren, 2011), p.11, including notes.. Hereinafter cited as The early Cape Hottentots.
- [S405] H.B. Thom, editor, Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658 translated by J. Smuts from the original Dutch, (Cape Town, Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1954), p.300. Hereinafter cited as Journal of Jan van Riebeeck Vol II 1656-1658.
- [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.138. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.