F, #6133, b. before 6 October 1680
|Father*||Louis van Bengale1 b. c 1652, d. 1716|
|Mother*||Lijsbeth Sanders2,1 b. b 2 Mar 1659, d. c 1743|
|Charts||Descendants of Lijsbeth Sanders|
|NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695||NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695|
|NGK Drakenstein Baptisms 1694-1732||NGK Drakenstein Baptisms 1694-1732|
|NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732||NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732|
|Baptism||Elizabeth Louisz was baptized on 6 October 1680 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.3,2,1 |
|Marriage*||She married Hans Jürgens circa 1699 de Caep de Goede Hoop.4|
|Marriage*||She married Jacobus Coetzee, son of Dirk Coetzee and Sara van der Schulp, on 27 November 1724 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.5,6|
|Hans Jürgens b. c 1660, d. bt 15 Dec 1720 - 6 Sep 1722|
|Jacobus Coetzee b. 16 Jun 1680, d. b 26 Apr 1738|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||An unknown date , the name of Elizabeth was written in the record as Lijsbeth Glam.7|
An unknown date , the name of Elizabeth was written in the record as Lijsbeth Glim.7
Between 1 October 1702 and 20 December 1705, the name of Elizabeth was written in the record as Lysbet Lowies.8
20 January 1704, the name of Elizabeth was written in the record as Lijsbet Lowis.9
27 November 1724, the name of Elizabeth was written in the record as Elisabeth Glam.10
21 August 1729, the name of Elizabeth was written in the record as Elizabeth Glim.11
|Baptisms - Witness||Lysbet Lowies witnessed the baptism of Gerbregt Herfst on 1 October 1702 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.12,13|
She and Jacob Coetzer witnessed the baptism of Lourens Erasmus on 21 August 1729 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Drakenstein, de Caep de Goede Hoop.14,15
|Notes||Elizabeth Louisz and Jacobus Coetzee and their descendants are glossed over in published genealogies. In the compilations such as South African Genealogies information is sparse. This continues in the major Coetzee publication in 1979 viz. Coetzee, N.A.: Die Stamouers Coetzee en nageslagte. Herdenkingsuitgawe 300 Jaar in Suid-Afrika|
In his article, "Die blanke nageslag van Louis van Bengale", Leon Hattingh adds more information about the family noting that Jacobus had been disinherited by his parents - perhaps because of his adulterous relationship with the married woman Lijsbeth Louisz.
Susan Newton-King re-examines the family in her 2007 article in Kronos, "Sodomy, race and respectability in Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, 1689 - 1762: the story of a family, loosely defined", which investigates the background of Gerrit Coetzee, the first vrijburgher to be tried and executed, on 23 September 1733, for sodomy (today the act would be termed as bestiality).
Apart from Lijsbeth Louisz' first child Johannes Jurgens (bapt. 1700-died young) with Hans Jürgens, it is probable that Jacobus Coetzee was the father of all her other children. This is made plain when the couple marry on 27 Nov 1724 and they are formally recognised as the parents of seven children - hebbende 7 kinders tussen haer beide, wanneer v[er]eenigt warden. They had eight children, namely Maria Coetzee, Elisabeth Coetzee, Jacoba Coetsee, Gerrit Jacobsz: Coetzee, Dirk Coetzee, Sara Coetzee, Johannes Coetzee and Margareta Jürgens. Margareta, however, had died young before their marriage.
The fact that several of the children were baptised as the offspring of Jurgens would be in accordance with Roman Dutch Law prevailing at the time, the legal presumption was that the married husband was deemed to be the effective biological father in the eyes of the law. Actual biological paternity in this case was finally conferred legally when the parents married.
Some researchers have concluded that Dirk (born 1718) died young and that the couple had a second son named Dirk born ca 1721. This conclusion appears to be based on the estate records where Dirk is stated in 1738 to be 17 years old - indicating a birth year of 1720-1721. My interpretation is that there was only one son named Dirk, and that his age in 1738 was incorrectly based on the date of his baptism in 1720, at which time he was described as being two years old
Yet others have interpreted the inventory of Jacobus' estate, MOOC 8/6.11A of 1738, to imply that only three of the children, i.e. Sara, Dirk and Jan, were the biological children of Jacobus. However, the children are clearly identified as minors, which suggests those who had attained majority were not included. Lijsbeth Louisz' inventory, MOOC 8/6.11b, however, mentions six children including Maria, Elisabeth and Jacoba (Gerrit had been executed in 1736).16,17,1,18,19
|Slave Births||Before 6 October 1680, Elizabeth Louisz was born in bondage and was owned by Louis van Bengale de Caep de Goede Hoop.20|
|Slave Emancipations||On 27 July 1683 Cabo de Boa Esperança Lijsbeth Sanders was emancipated by Louis van Bengale her owner and lover, who described her in his application as “mijn meijt genaemt Lijsbeth van Cabo”. Two of Lijsbeth's unnamed children were freed along with her. In return, Lijsbeth was required to loyally serve Louis for a further year.|
In my view the available evidence points to the two children being Elizabeth Louisz and Anna Louisz. However Mansell Upham cautions that Willem Teerling a possible son to Lijsbeth and her lover Willem Teerling could have been one of the children.21,1
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke Nageslag van Louis van Bengale en Lijsbeth van die Kaap", Kronos (Die Blanke nageslag . . .) 1 (1979). Hereinafter cited as "Die Blanke nageslag."
- [S544] E-mails from Mansell Upham (e-mail address) to Delia Robertson, 1 Aug 2010 (Personal Library, Email Upham) "The mother is specified: as slave of Louis van Bengale named Elisabeth which can only be Lijsbeth Sanders as we have her on record for being so. Paternity is unspecified. Later in life Louis van Bengale formally acknowledged paternity of all three illegitimate daughters in his joint will with his wife Rebecca van Macassar. The baptismal entry reads:
den 6 October  Elisabeth
Elysabet een slavin van Lovys van Bengale
Armosy de grote."
- [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: den 6 October ; Elisabeth; Elysabet een slavin van Lovys van Bengale; Armosy de grote, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
- [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia of the Germans at the Cape, 1652-1806, Archives Year Book for South African History (Cape Town: Government Printer, Union of South Africa, 1946), p.190; JURGENS, HANS.--Salzburg. Arr. 1681 as so., b. 1688, resident at Stellenbosch . x Elisabeth Louise of the C . Children: Johannes (26.9.1700), Jacoba (3.2.1709), Margaretha (12.4.1711), Gerrit (6.11.1712). ("Burgerbrief" in C 728.). Hereinafter cited as Personalia.
- [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "27e Nov:[ember] Jacobus Coetsee van Cabo, met Elisabeth Glam Wed:[uw]e, van Cabo (hebbende 7 kinders tussen haer beide, wanneer v[er]eenigt warden)
https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12344-94871-90; retrieved 20 September 2012."
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke nageslag", xx 27.12.1724 Jacobus Coetsee (b1) ˜ 16.6.1680(K) + na 24.8.1744.
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke nageslag", Hierdie drie dogters het mettertyd onderskeidelik bekend geraak as Lijsbeth Louisz, Anna Louisz en Maria Louisz om hul herkoms aan te dui. Die name het ook ander vorms aangeneem soos Lovijs, Lowies of Lowise en soms selfs as Lourens. Afgesien daarvan dat dit op 'n van gedui het, was hulle ook onder ander name bekend wat alles grootliks bemoeilik. Daar is by tye gepraat van Lijsbeth Glim of Glam terwyl hulle moeder teen haar dood as Lijsbeth Sanders bekend gestaan het.
- [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register, Gerbregt dedoopt den 1 Octob 1702, d' vader Jan Hars, d' moeder Lysbet Sanders, d' getùygen Jan Jacob, en Lysbet Lowies.
Anna Elisabeth, kind van Lysbet Lowies, getùygen Lowies van Bengale, en Anna Lowies, der 20 xbr 1705.. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Maria, de moeder Lijsbet Lowis, getuygen Jan van Ceylon, en Diana, den 20 Janry 1704.
- [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "27e Nov:[ember] Jacobus Coetsee van Cabo, met Elisabeth Glam Wed:[uw]e, van Cabo (hebbende 7 kinders tussen haer beide, wanneer v[er]eenigt werden)
https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12344-94871-90; retrieved 20 September 2012."
- [S408] Drakenstein Heemkring, compilers, Drakenstein I Baptisms., CD-ROM (Paarl) Drakenstein Heemkring, 2006 , Baptism Register, Den 21 Augustus  Een onegt kint genaamt Laùrens Erasmus; V: Onbekent; M: Katharina Hofman; G: Jacobus Coetzè, Elizabeth Glim. Hereinafter cited as Drakenstein I Baptisms.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Gerbregt (gedoopt den 1 Octob 1702) d' vader Jan Hars, d' moeder Lysbet Sanders, d' getùygen Jan Jacob, en Lysbet Lowies.
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke nageslag", pg 9.
- [S408] Baptism Register, Drakenstein I Baptisms, Den 21 Augustus  Een onegt kint genaamt Laùrens Erasmus; V: Onbekent; M: Katharina Hofman; G: Jacobus Coetzè, Elizabeth Glim
Comment from compiler, Olivier:
Vader : Lourens Erasmus
In die Doopregister vir Lourens Erasmus (seun) is geen vader aangetoon nie. (Vader Onbekend) J.A. Heese (Vgl ook sy artikel in Familia No 2 1969 p 50) bevestig die vader se naam as Lourens Erasmus (b3).
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke nageslag", Op twee en twintig het sy op 21 Augustus 1729 vir Lourens Erasmus gedoop met haar oom en tante, Jacobus Coetzé en Elizabeth Glim (Louisz) as die getuies.
- [S723] Susan Newton-King, "Die Blanke Nageslag van Louis van Bengale en Lijsbeth van die Kaap", Kronos (Sodomy, race and respectability in Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, 1689-1762: the story of a family, loosely defined.) 1 (2007): This article explores the interacting dynamics of race, class, status and respectability in the emerging colonial society at the Cape of Good Hope in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. It is essentially a case study, which examines the background to the trial and execution of Gerrit Coetzee, the first freeburgher to be accused of sodomy at the Cape. By implication, it raises a number of questions about the rural community in which Gerrit was raised and it re-opens old debates about the degree of colour blindness and the determinants of status in early colonial South Africa. Was Gerrit a victim of racial or social prejudice? Was he excluded, cold-shouldered or otherwise subtly marginalised by his young male peers in Daljosafat, where he lived? Was he driven by prejudice to seek the company of other marginalised individuals and ultimately to engage in suicidally transgressive behaviour? Or was he simply a young man who wrecked his chances by going too far?. Hereinafter cited as "Sodomy, race and respectability in Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, 1689-1762: the story of a family, loosely defined."
- [S722] Mansell G. Upham, "A black sheep in the Coetzee family", Capensis (A black sheep in the Coetzee family) 3/2001 (September 2001): Often when paging through De Villiers Pama one is struck by certain genealogical lines of descent ending abruptly, appearing to be extinct or less detailed than other contemporaneous lines. Whatever the reasons for the non-inclusion (omission?) of genealogical data of this branch of the family, we remain confronted with the problem of including families that cannot be made to conform to the C.C. De Villiers-style of coding old Cape families. A case in point is the COETZEE genealogy.
The eldest son [Jacobus] (and his descendants) of the founding parents are conspicuous by their limited appearance and even absence. Only his children are named without any further genealogical data. When the magnum opus on the Coetzee family made its appearance in 1979 *, this 'blank' in the genealogy remained. In 1980 more colourful flesh was added to the meagre bones of the senior branch of the Coetzee family as a result of Leon Hattingh's research on the descendants of the black Cape-born Lysbeth Sanders. J. Leon Hattingh sensing a schism within the family, noted the disinheritance by the stamouers' of their eldest son and the omission of the name of his black houvrou [concubine] (later wife).. Hereinafter cited as "A black sheep in the Coetzee family."
- [S762] N.A. Coetzee, Die Stamouers Coetzee en nageslagte. Herdenkingsuitgawe 300 Jaar in Suid-Afrika. (Pretoria: N.A. Coetzee, 1979 ISBN 0-620-03336-3). Hereinafter cited as Die Stamouers Coetzee en nageslagte.
- [S763] Amanda Elizabeth Boniface, "Revolutionary changes to the parent-child relationship in South Africa, with specific reference to guardianship, care and contact" (Thesis submitted for Doctor Legum in the Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, January 2007), p.37. Three forms of legitimation were known during the Christian era; firstly, legitimation per subsequens matrimonium. This was where children born out of a concubinate could be legitimated by the legal marriage between the parents.. Hereinafter cited as "Revolutionary changes to the parent-child relationship in South Africa."
- [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): den 6 Octob. Elisabeth
Elysabet een slavin van Louys van Bengale [witness] Annesy de Grote, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
- [S658] Mansell Upham 'Made or Marred by Time - the Other Armozijn & two enslaved Arabian 'princesses' at the Cape of Good Hope (1656)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), March 2012. "p.48. Louis manumitted (27 July 1683) his slave Lijsbeth mijn meijt genaemt Lijsbeth van Cabo and her two children [Lijsbeth and Willem?] on condition that she serve him for one more year. A thorough search of the baptismal register reveals no other obvious child of Lijsbeth being baptized. Who was her 2nd child? He appears to have been the son named Willem fathered by Louis’s knecht Middlesex-born Englishman, William Teerling [Tarling?].
i CA: 1/STB 18/144 (Gemengde Notariele Aktes: Louis van Bengale, 27 July 1683)."
- [S408] Baptism Register, Drakenstein I Baptisms.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke nageslag", c5 Margareta (Jürgens) ˜ 12.4.1711(K).
- [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke nageslag", c6 Gerrit Jürgens ˜ 6.11.1712(K).