Cornelia Arabus1

F, #6534, b. 1647

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
Last Edited21/08/2016
Birth*Cornelia Arabus was born in 1647 in Madagascar.2
 
BaptismCornelia Arabus was baptized before 23 August 1665 de Caep de Goede Hoop.3 

Family

Children
  • Armosyn Claasz van de Caep+ b. c 1661, d. 1733; This candidate relationship is offered based on Mansell Uphams extensive research on the women of this period, and his process of elimination of other women who may qualify to be the mother. There was a very small pool of company owned slave women who could have been the mother.9
  • Claas Cornellisen van de Caep b. c 1663; candidate relationship, perhaps further evidence of this relationship will surface as I add records.10
(Slave) ShipVoyage On 25 March 1656 the St Georges, La Duchesse, La Maréschale and La Erman, ships of the French fleet arrived at arrived at Saldanha Bay under the overall command of Admiral Gilles de La Roche-Saint-André. Among those on board St Georges/St. Joris were three enslaved Malagasy royal children, including Cornelia Arabus and Lijsbeth Arabus and an unnamed male child who died 3 months later. The fleet had sailed from Nantes via Cap Vert, travelling around the Cape and visiting Madagascar, Ile de Bourbon, Socotra, and the Red Sea - returning via the same route.4 
Slave TransactionsOn 29 March 1656 Cornelia Arabus and Lijsbeth Arabus were gifted by Admiral Gilles de La Roche-Saint-André, to Maria de la Queillerie de Caep de Goede Hoop, however this transaction was revoked by the Visiting VOC Commissioner Ryckloff van Goens senior, and Lijsbeth and Cornelia then became the property of the Company who could be hired out to officials.2,5,6
Cornelia Arabus, a slave, was was placed on loan from the Company, in service to Hendrick Hendricksz Boom before 16 April 1657 de Caep de Goede Hoop.7,8

Citations

  1. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.8-9; . . . as did two slave children from Abyssinia. These two were little Arab girls, 10 and 12 years of age. . . . Their names were Cornelia and Lijsbeth.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  2. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.8-9; . . . as did two slave children from Abyssinia. These two were little Arab girls, 10 and 12 years of age. They had also been a gift to Maria van Riebeeck from the French Admiral De La Roche St. André who had visited the Cape in March 1657. Their names were Cornelia and Lijsbeth.
  3. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, pg. 25, . . . in the Church Books which he started on the 23rd of August 1665, the Rev. Joan van Arckel with great foresight tried to record the names of the children who had been baptised before his arrival by visiting ministers.

    As for the slaves, the first entries were Cornelia and Lijsbeth Arabus. Then followed Heindrick, Pietertje, Reijntje, two Jacobs, an Annetje, Cathalisa, Mary and Lowijs, who had been baptised on the 8th April 1663. Another Mary and Jan Bruijn are registered as children of mixed marriages.
  4. [S815] Mansell G. Upham 'Documented Slave Arrivals at the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1677)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (Unpublished), 16 November 2014. "25 March 1656: St Georges (ex Nantes, Madagascar, Ile de Bourbon [Réunion], Socotra, Red Sea, Socotra, Ile de Bourbon, Madagascar & Saldanha Bay) – part of French fleet (La Duchesse, La Maréschale, Larman [La Erman] - ex Nantes & Cap-Vert with St. Georges [St. Joris]);brings 3 captured / enslaved Malagasy royal children likely originating from Ethiopia gifted by French Admiral De la Roche-St. André to Jan van Riebeeck:
    Cornelia Arabus van Abisinna
    Lijsbeth Arabus van Abisinna
    unnamed male slave (dies 14 June 1656).
    "
  5. [S658] Mansell Upham 'Made or Marred by Time - the Other Armozijn & two enslaved Arabian 'princesses' at the Cape of Good Hope (1656)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), March 2012. "The French flotilla (4 ships) arrived at the Cape (25 March 1656): La Duchesse with Admiral de-la-Roche-St André (recorded also as La Roch, Laroche, La Ros, Lacos, and Laros) at the helm (400 men and 40 guns), La Maréchale (Vice-Admiral Colon, 300 men and 36 guns) La Erman (Captain Richmont, 200 men and 30 guns) and St. Joris [St Georges] (Captain Labriants, 100 men and 20 guns). They sailed into Table Bay (31 March 1656). ... Finally the admiral disembarked (29 March) to call on Van Riebeeck in person and was "festively and politely treated". ... Before departing, the admiral presented Maria de Queillerie with two of the captive Abysinnian princesses, Lijsbeth and Cornelia Arabus, captured on Madagascar."
  6. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service as transcribed and annotated by Mansell Upham, Cornelia ende Lijsbeth van Abissina door den Fransen admiral Lacrox aen den Commande:[u]rs vrouw vereert.
  7. [S658] Mansell Upham 'UL03 Made or Marred by Time', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Muster of Private & Company Slaves (Rijckloff van Goens, 16 April 1657) ... 1 female slave [Cornelia Arabus van Abisinna] with the Junior Merchant [Roelof de Man (from Culemborg)]
    1 female slave [Lijsbeth Arabus van Abisinna] with the Gardener [Hendrick Hendricksz: Boom (from Amsterdam)] ..."
  8. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.9; Thus the widow of Frederick Verburgh was allowed to borrow the two Arab girls from Abyssinia from the Company, . . .
  9. [S658] Mansell Upham 'UL03 Made or Marred by Time', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Cornelia was possibly mother to at least the following two children:
    b1     Armozijn de Cleijne van de Caep (c. 1661-1733) heelslag born Cape c. 1661; Company slave possibly biologically fathered by either Paaij Claes van Guinea, Claes Kelder van Angola, Claes van Angola; baptized as adult (23 February 1687) becoming Company Slave Lodge matron (matres); being heelslag, manumitted (1701) in terms of Company regulations after 40 years enslavement; 3rd free-black woman granted property in Table Valley (June 1708); likely biological fathers of some of her 7 recorded children: free-black Jacqje Joij [later Gratias Maialas] van Angola, Company slave Jonas van de Cust & free-burgher Michiel Ley (from Basle [Switzerland]) ; dies Cape 1733."
  10. [S658] Mansell Upham 'UL03 Made or Marred by Time', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Cornelia was possibly mother to at least the following two children:
    b2     Claes [Cornelisz:] van de Caep Company mesties born c. 1663; baptized Cape [?] 16 September 1663; Church member & communicant (21 December 1689); appointed teacher of Company slave children (15 September 1687); manumitted at majority (25) in terms of white paternity (1688); 12 August 1701 granted property; deceased by 1709."
 

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