Manuel van Angola
M, #8918, b. circa 1650
|NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732||NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732|
|Birth*||Manuel van Angola was born circa 1650 in Angola.1|
|Marriage De facto*||Circa 1681 Manuel van Angola and Elisabeth van Angola were in a de facto relationship de Caep de Goede Hoop.1|
|(Slave) ShipVoyage|| On 14 October 1657 the Amersfoort departed Vlie enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it docked on 28 March 1658. With more than half the journey completed, on 23 January 1658, probably off the coast of Angola, the Amersfoort sighted a Portuguese slaver with 500 slaves on board. After a 24-hour chase, the vessel was captured, and 250 slaves were taken aboard the Amersfoort for the journey to the Cape. The crippled Portuguese vessel was abandoned to whatever fate might befall her, 250 slaves and her crew.|
Of those, when the Amersfoort heaved to in Table Bay two months later, only 174 had made it alive, most them, according to Jan van Riebeeck "girls and small boys" - among them were Manuel van Angola.2,3,4
|Slave Emancipations||On 16 April 1681 Manuel van Angola and Elisabeth van Angola were emancipated by Hester van Lier de Caep de Goede Hoop, they were to remain respectful and obey the de gemeene Keijscrlijcke rechten en Statuten van India, and assist when needed. It was not unusual for manumitters to impose conditions on those being freed.5|
|Slaves owned by individuals||On 28 March 1658 Manuel van Angola was Angola, brought to the Cape on the Amersfoort which arrived.1|
- [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "This was followed by the arrival of the Amersfoort (March 1658) offloading a cargo of mostly Brazil-bound Angola slave children (170 of whom 125 were not sent to Batavia) captured from the Portuguese off the coast of Brazil (sometime in January 1658)..."
- [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.113; March 28th. N. W. breeze. The Amersfoort casts anchor; had 323 men on her, 29 dead and 30 sick. The weakest brought on shore and exchanged for others. Was provided with refreshments for the crew and the slaves who were brought on shore, already reduced to 170 in number. Many of them still very ill; most of them girls and small boys, from whom for the next 4 or 5 years very little can be got.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
- [S522] André van Rensburg, "Capensis (The Amersfoort)," October 2000. Hereinafter cited as "The Amersfoort."
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 139, 16.4.1681: Manuel and Elisabeth "geboortig van het landschap van Angola" munumitted by Hester van Lier on condition that they remain respectful to her, obey the laws of the land ("de gemeene Keijserlijcke rechten en Statuten van India") and assist her when necessary.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.