Elisabeth van Angola
F, #8917, b. circa 1650, d. after 7 January 1694
|(Slave) ShipVoyage|| On 14 October 1657 the Amersfoort departed Vlie enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it docked on 28 March 1658. With more than half the journey completed, on 23 January 1658, probably off the coast of Angola, the Amersfoort sighted a Portuguese slaver with 500 slaves on board. After a 24-hour chase, the vessel was captured, and 250 slaves were taken aboard the Amersfoort for the journey to the Cape. The crippled Portuguese vessel was abandoned to whatever fate might befall her, 250 slaves and her crew.|
Of those, when the Amersfoort heaved to in Table Bay two months later, only 174 had made it alive, most them, according to Jan van Riebeeck "girls and small boys" - among them were Elisabeth van Angola.6,7,8
|(Witness) Death||Sijmon Ham died before 9 June 1690, when he was shot by a company official during a search for absconded slaves. Sijman was participating in the search and was himself carrying a weapon, something slaves were not permitted to do, and the official mistook him for one of the missng slaves. The matter was reported to the authories by Elisabeth van Angola.9 |
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||1682, the name of Elisabeth was written in the record as Lisbeth van Angola.10|
|Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)||1682 Elisabeth van Angola was enumerated on the opgaafrol (census/tax roll) in Cape district, on her own as a vrijswartin at number 0079 after Gerrit Jansz: van Wijnegom and before Steven Jansz. [Botma]12|
In 1682 Elisabeth van Angola and Manuel van Angola were enumerated in the muster roll Cape district, they were enumered after Jan Bombam & Catharina Harmens and before Pieter Gerritsz.13
In 1685 Elisabeth van Angola, Manuel van Angola and Anthoniij van Angola enumerated in the muster roll Cape district, Anthonij was recorded as in compie or in the company of. The three were enumerated after Jan Mostaart and before Louis van Bengale.14
|Slave Emancipations||On 16 April 1681 Manuel van Angola and Elisabeth van Angola were emancipated by Hester van Lier de Caep de Goede Hoop, they were to remain respectful and obey the de gemeene Keijscrlijcke rechten en Statuten van India, and assist when needed. It was not unusual for manumitters to impose conditions on those being freed.16|
|Slaves owned by individuals||Between 28 March 1658 and 11 April 1658 the recently arrived slaves from Angola were allocated to different officials, and Elisabeth van Angola and Manuel van Angola were likely the male and female slaves assigned to Wouter Mostert as millers and stable boy.2,17|
Circa 1690 Susanna van Mombasa was owned by Elisabeth van Angola.18
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 139. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
- [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S521] Margaret Cairns, "Gerrit Gerrits of Oldenburg and Susanna of Bambaser: An early 18th century couple", Familia (Gerrits & Bambaser) 17, nr. 3/4 (1990): ...she had apparently taken the place of his former consort, Lysbet of Angola who had died towards the end of 1693. Hereinafter cited as "Gerrits & Bambaser."
- [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720, Wes-Kaaplandse Instituut vir Historiese Navorsing, Tygerberg, Cape Town, (1981) 0-909075-65-4 "Lijsbeth van Angola het reeds op 7 Januarie 1694, terwyl sy al siek en bedleend was, haar testament onderteken..."
- [S521] Margaret Cairns, "Gerrits & Bambaser", ...she had apparently taken the place of his former consort, Lysbet of Angola who had died towards the end of 1693.
- [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "This was followed by the arrival of the Amersfoort (March 1658) offloading a cargo of mostly Brazil-bound Angola slave children (170 of whom 125 were not sent to Batavia) captured from the Portuguese off the coast of Brazil (sometime in January 1658)..."
- [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.113; March 28th. N. W. breeze. The Amersfoort casts anchor; had 323 men on her, 29 dead and 30 sick. The weakest brought on shore and exchanged for others. Was provided with refreshments for the crew and the slaves who were brought on shore, already reduced to 170 in number. Many of them still very ill; most of them girls and small boys, from whom for the next 4 or 5 years very little can be got.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
- [S522] André van Rensburg, "Capensis (The Amersfoort)," October 2000. Hereinafter cited as "The Amersfoort."
- [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720 "Dieselfde Sijmen Ham is in 1690 per ongeluk deur 'n kompanjiesdienaar doodgeskiet toe hy ten tye van 'n soektog na gedroste slawe 'n geweer gedra het en daarom vir een van die drosters aangesien is. Dit was Lijsbeth van Angola wat by die landdros en heemrade oor die dood van "haar" slaaf gaan kla het en skadevergoeding geëis het omdat hy in diens van die gemeenskap deur 'n amptenaar gedood is."
- [S890] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 162 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Kaap) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Lijsbeth van do [Angola]". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
- [S203] Mansell Upham 'Cape Mothers: Groote Catrijn van Paliacatta (c. 1631-1683), her slave Maria van Bengale & her daughter-in-law Marguerite-Thérèse de Savoye (1673-1742)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), October 2014. "20 April 1683:
Ick ondergeschreven Lijsbeth van Angola bekenne ontfangen te hebben van Roelof Backer Secretaris van de Weescamer de somma van negen gulden voor negen dagen oppassen by de dogter [Petronella van Bengale] ten tuysen van Anthonie van Bengale.
In ‘t Casteel de Goede Hoop Adij 20 April 1683
Dit is het X merck van
Lijsbeth van Angola."
- [S845] Opgaafrol van burgers, 4036 VOC, 0079 ANGOLA V VS LYSBETH 1 K; Algemene Rijksarchief, Den Haag, as transcribed by Hans Heese. Hereinafter cited as Opgaafrol Kaap 1682. My thanks to Hans Heese for sharing his transcription of this opgaaf.
- [S890] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 162 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Kaap) "Jan Bombam en Catharijn Harmens 1 k.
Manuel van Angola en Lijsbeth van do. 1 k.
- [S770] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1685 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Emanuel van Angola en Lijsbeth v. do.
Antonij van do. in compie". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
- [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720 "Lijsbeth van Angola het reeds op 7 Januarie 1694, terwyl sy al siek en bedleend was, haar testament onderteken waarmee sy haar slavin, Marta, toe vier jaar oud, aan Lijsbeth Jansz, die huisvrou van Jan Andriesze bemaak het."
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 139, 16.4.1681: Manuel and Elisabeth "geboortig van het landschap van Angola" munumitted by Hester van Lier on condition that they remain respectful to her, obey the laws of the land ("de gemeene Keijserlijcke rechten en Statuten van India") and assist her when necessary.
- [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Letters Despatched 1652-1662 to which are added land grants, attestations, Journal of voyage to Tristan da Cunha, names of freemen, &c. Vol III, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W.A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, 1900). Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Lorna:
Sy was waarskynlik Susanna die slavin van Elisabeth van Angola vrou van Manuel van Angola, wat na haar man se dood bysit van Anthonij van Angola geword het. Manuel en Anthonie was vennote.
- [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: Anno 1670
Den 1[4/9] Sept
een dochterke van Elisabeth van Bangale, wiert genaamt Maria tot getuyge stonden, Anthoni en Catharyn, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).