Anthonij Jansz van Bengale

M, #5747, b. circa 1646, d. before 17 December 1682
ChartsDescendants of Catharina van Palliacatta

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
Last Edited19/03/2016
Birth*Anthonij Jansz van Bengale was born circa 1646 Bengal.1 
BaptismAnthonij Jansz van Bengale was baptized on 12 September 1670 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.2 
Marriage*He married Catharina van Paliacatta on 20 December 1671 Cape of Good Hope.3
 
Death*He died before 17 December 1682 de Caep de Goede Hoop.4
 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.12 September 1670, the name of Anthonij was written in the record as Anthonij van Bengale.5
Baptisms - WitnessAnthonij Jansz van Bengale potentially witnessed the baptism of Maria van de Caep on 14 September 1670 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop, this witness has not been positively identified.6
NotesOn 20 April 1683 Elisabeth van Angola was most likely the woman compensated from the estate of Anthonij Jansz van Bengale for nine days of care of his moribund step-daughter Petronella van Bengale.7
Slave BirthsBefore 7 April 1680, Elisabeth Marcusz was born in bondage and was owned by Anthonij Jansz van Bengale de Caep de Goede Hoop.8
Slave TransactionsAfter 18 June 1668 Claas Gerrits van Bengale, Mathijs van Angola, Anthonij Jansz van Bengale, Andries van der Kust Coromandel, Jeronimus van Coromandel, Titus van Bengale and Baddou van Bali were sold by departing Commandeur Cornelis van Quaelbergen to his successor Jacob van Borghorst. The price paid was f 1 680.9
On 31 December 1669 Andries van der Kust Coromandel, Claas Gerrits van Bengale, Mathijs van Angola, Anthonij Jansz van Bengale, Jeronimus van Coromandel, Titus van Bengale, Baddou van Bali, Ventura van Ceylon, Maaij Claesje van Angola, Abraham van Guinea, Maria da Costa van Bengale and Lysbeth van Bengale were sold by the departing commander Jacob van Borghorst to the Company for f 2 842:10:-, the amount he had originally paid for them. Included in the sale were three children, who, because they fit the profile, I have for the present presumed to be Lysbeth van de Caep, Anna Pieters and Anthonij van de Caep; the first the child of Pollecij/Maaij Claesje van Angola and the third and fourth the daughter and son of Lijsbeth van Bengale. However, at least some of these slaves came into the possession of Joan Bax van Herentals, Borghorst's successor.10
Maria van Bengale was likely the slave sold by Jan Jacobsz Sloopen, to Anthonij Jansz van Bengale on 27 April 1676 de Caep de Goede Hoop, for Rds 35.11,12,13
On 20 November 1676 Baddou van Bali was sold by Gouverneur Johan Bax to Isaac de l'Ostal de Saint-Martin, for Rds. 50 for the use of Anthonij Jansz van Bengale. This is a rare, perhaps unqiue, transaction. It could not be that the authorities were unwilling to allow a former slave to become a slave owner and that this was a device to place a slave in his service; Anthonij was already the owner of a slave purchased earlier in the same year. Did l'Ostal St. Martin know Anthonij previously and want to help him? This remains to be seen. What is true, however, is that Anthonij and his subsequent wife, Catharina van Paliacatta, evidently had significant connections to a group of powerful individuals in the VOC hierachy and that they benefited from these ties.14,15
On 12 August 1678 Paul van Malabar was sold by Aletta van Hinloopen to Anthonij van Bengale, for Rds. 100. Ten days later, on 24 August, Antoni signed an acknowledgment of debt in the amount of f 300 relating to the purchase of Paul, i.e. 200% higher than originally recorded. He promised to pay as much as he could afford prior to the departure of Aletta van Hinloopen to Batavia, and send the balance with the outward bound fleet the following year.16,17
Circa 1681 Maria van Bengale and Elisabeth Marcusz were sold by Anthonij Jansz van Bengale to Hans Rutger Trost, this transaction is assumed.18
Paul van Malabar was sold from the estate of Anthonij Jansz van Bengale, to Olof Bergh on 11 July 1683, for Rds. 112. He was sold by the Orphan Masters.19
Property TransactionsOn 4 September 1671 Jacob Cornelisz van Rosendael sold to Anthonij Jansz van Bengale his erf with house on Zee Straat, 100 sheep, and a garden in Table Valley for f 3 000, of which f 100 was paid immediately and a debenture of f 2 900 was registered for the balance. This is first occasion that a free-black purchases property at the Cape, and the transaction is therefor very signficant. On the same date Anthonij signs an acknowledgement of debt.20,21,22,23,24

Citations

  1. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide.
  2. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: [1670] Den 12 Sept. een bejaart persoon wiert genaamt Anthonij van Bengale, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  3. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: [Anno 1671] Den 20 xber [December] Anthonie de Later jonghm' van Bengalen met Catharina van Bengalen., transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  4. [S400] Mansell Upham, "In Hevigen Woede . . . Earliest recorded female bandiet at the Cape of Good Hope - A Study in Upward Mobility", Capensis (In Hevigen Woede) 3/97, 4/97, Western Cape Branch, Genealogical Society of South Africa, (1997): The untimely death of Petronella appears to have possibly coincided with, or occurred soon after, the deaths or both Anthonij and Groote Catrijn sometime before 17 December 1682 when Anthonij’s inventory was drawn up.. Hereinafter cited as "In Hevigen Woede . . ."
  5. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Den 12 Sept
    een bejaart persoon wiert genaamt Anthonij van Bengale
    , 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  6. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Anno 1670. Den 14 Sept. een dochterke van Elisabeth van Bangale [Angola], wiert genaamt Maria tot getuyge stonden, Anthoni en Catharyn, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  7. [S203] Mansell Upham 'Cape Mothers: Groote Catrijn van Paliacatta (c. 1631-1683), her slave Maria van Bengale & her daughter-in-law Marguerite-Thérèse de Savoye (1673-1742)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), October 2014. "20 April 1683:
    Ick ondergeschreven Lijsbeth van Angola bekenne ontfangen te hebben van Roelof Backer Secretaris van de Weescamer de somma van negen gulden voor negen dagen oppassen by de dogter [Petronella van Bengale] ten tuysen van Anthonie van Bengale.
    In ‘t Casteel de Goede Hoop Adij 20 April 1683
    Dit is het X merck van
    Lijsbeth van Angola."
  8. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): ao 1680
    den 7 April Elisabet
    de moeder Mary een slave van Antonij van Bengale
    de peet dar van was Catharina Anthonii, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  9. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.30 When Cornelis van Quaelbergen left, he sold seven of his slaves to his successor Jacob Borghorst for f 1 680. Five of these slaves, Claes [Gerritsz: van Bengale -6980], Mathijs [van Angola - 13907], Anthonij [Jansz van Bengale - 5747], Andries [17551] and Jeronimus [Jeremias van Coromandel - 15346] came from the Coast of Coromandel; one named Tita [Titus van Bengale - 9454] came from Bengal and the seventh slave is described as "een Maleijer gent. Barru" [Baddu/Baddou van Bali - 15345]. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  10. [S788] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/) (Original records held by unknown repository, unknown repository address) "Reference code: C. 5, pp. 89-91.
    Dingsdagh den 31en December ao. 1669."
  11. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse notariële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (II), Die tweede Dekade 1671-1680", Kronos (Die notariële stukke II) 15 (1999): 27.4.1676          [Verlore]
    Skipper Jan Jacobsz Slooper verkoop aan Anthonij Jansz van Bengale die slavin Maria van die Kus van Malabar vir 35 Rds.. Hereinafter cited as "Die notariële stukke II."
  12. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, 27.4.1676: Maria from the Coast of Malabar, sold by skipper Jan Jacobsz Slooper to Anthony Jansz from Bengal for Rds. 35.
  13. [S203] Mansell Upham 'UL14 Cape Mothers', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "He had purchased a slave called Maria (from the Malabar Coast) on 27 April 1676. She had been sold to him by the skipper on Sparendam Jan Jacobsz Slooper for the amount of Rds 35."
  14. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 20.11.1676     [Verlore]
    Goewerneur Bax verkoop aan St Martin vir die gebruik van Anthoni van Bengale, ‘vrij ingesetene alhier,’ die slaaf Baddou van Bali vir 50 Rds.
  15. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 132: 20.11.1676: Baddou from Bali, sold by Governor Bax to St. Martin for the use of Anthoni from Bengal "vrij ingesetene alhier" for Rds. 50.
  16. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.136. 12.8.1678: Paul (no place of origin given), sold by Aletta Hinlopen to
    Anthonij from Bengal, Free Burgher, for Rds. 100.
  17. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 12.8.1678          TS 3, g.p.
    Mejuffrou Aletta van Hinloopen, weduwee van die EHr Johan Bax van Herentals [in] lewe goewerneur alhier, verkoop aan Antoni van Bengale, vryburger alhier, die slaaf Paul van … , oud … , vir 100 Rds.
  18. [S203] Mansell Upham 'UL14 Cape Mothers', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Circumstantial evidence points to this slave family passing to the free-burgher Hans Rutgert Trost (from Erbervelt / Herbervelt)."
  19. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 140.11.7.1683: Pouwlus (origin unknown) sold by Orpban Masters from deceased estate of Anthonij from Bengal, the late Free Burgher, to Oeloff Bergh for Rds. 112.
  20. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.129. 4.9.1671, V, pp. 67-69: Anthonij from Bengal borrowed from Jacob Cornelis Rosendael the sum of f 2 900. The first payment of f 1 200 would fall due when the return fleet of 1672 left the harbour; the second payment of f l 700 after the first section of the next return fleet from Batavia had been in the harbour for a fortnight. [DR: Böeseken misinterpreted this transaction. See next two citations, i.e. Hatting & Upham.]
  21. [S606] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "A.J. Böeseken se Addendum van Kaapse slawe-verkoopstransaksies: Foute en regstellings", Kronos (Foute en regstellings) 9 (1984): Op bladsy 129 van die addendum, onder die datum 4.9.1671, gee Böeseken te kenne dat die vryswart Anthonij van Bengale van Jacob Cornelis Rosendael die aansienlike bedrag van 2 900 gulde geleen het maar vermeld nie waarvoor die lening gemaak is nie. Die sleutel hiervoor lê opgesluit in die voorafgaande drie bladsye van die betrokke bundle, te wete pp. 64-66. Dit behels die verkoopakte waarmee Rosendael sy huis en erf te Zeestraat (Strandstraat vandag) in Tafelvallei (soos Kaapstad destyds bekend gestaan het) asook 100 skape en 'n stuk tuinland elders aan Anthonij van Bengale verkoop het. Anthonij het onmiddellik 100 gulde in kontant betaal en toe 'n skuldbrief (wat Böeseken as 'n verkoopakte verstrek) vir die oorblywende 2900 gulde geteken. Hierdie is die vroegste grondtransaksie waarmee 'n vryswarte grond aan die Kaap deur aankoop bekom het en as sodanig is dit dus 'n uiters belangrike document wat Böeseken verswyg en vermink voorhou.. Hereinafter cited as "Foute en regstellings."
  22. [S203] Mansell Upham 'UL14 Cape Mothers', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Anthonij purchases (4 September 1671) 100 sheep, a garden (stuk tuingrond) higher up in Table Valley and an erf (with a house) in Zee Straat from the free-burgher Jacob Cornelisz: Rosendael (from Woerden [South Holland]). This purchase is highly significant. This is the 1st time ever that a free-black or mardijcker purchases property at the Cape. In terms of the contract Rosendael sells to Anthonij, described as a free-black and likewise burgher of this place (vrije swart insgelijx borger alhier) - a house and erf together with 100 sheep and a garden in Table Valley. For all this, he is to pay f 100 and register a debenture for f 2 900."
  23. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 4.9.1671     T 116          T 173          CTD 5, p. 64
    Jacob Cornelissen Rosendael, burger en vry ingesetene, verkoop aan Anthonij van Bengale, ‘vrijeswart insgelijx borger alhier’, ‘n huis en erf gelee volgens die erfbrief van 21 Oktober 1666 aan die einde van Zeestraat, noordwaarts [daarvan] is die woeste land van die stert van Leeuwenbergh, ooswaarts die seekant, suidwaarts aan die erf van die vryburger Jacques Jaecquelijn en weswaarts aan die nog onbeboude erwe na die Kompanjie se perdestaI; saam met 100 skape en ‘n ander stukkie grond in Tafelvallei, volgens die erfbriefvan 4 Oktober 1667 in die ongewing van die Kompanjie se perdestal aan die tuin van Wouter Mostaert, alles vir f 100 en ‘n skuldbrief vir f 2 900.
  24. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 4.9.1671     CTD 5, p. 67
    Skuldbrief van Anthonij van Bengale, vryswart en inwoner, ten gunste van Jacob Cornelisz Rosendael vir die bedrag van f 2 900 weens die koop van 100 skape, sekere huise en erwe geleë in Tafelvallei op die hoek van Zeestraat na die stert van Leeuwenbergh en nog ‘n stukkie tuinland geleë agter die meule in die omgewing van die Kompanjie se perdestal aan die huis van Wouter Mostert volgens die erfbriewe van 4 en 21 Oktober 1666 en 1667 respektiewelik. Hy beloof om Rosendael in twee paaiemente te betaaI, die eerste f 1 200 wanneer die tweede besending skepe uit Batavia in 1672 die rede verlaat het, die tweede f 1 700 die volgende jaar wanneer die eerste retoervloot van Batavia 14 dae voor die rede lê.
    [Daar is ‘n handtekening maar dit is nie duidelik of dit bedoel is om gelees te word en of dit bloot ‘n ry tekens van onvoltooide letters is nie.]
 

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