Maria da Costa van Bengale1

F, #5814, b. circa 1648, d. 1713

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NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1695-1712NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1695-1712
Last Edited01/05/2017
Birth*Maria da Costa van Bengale was born circa 1648 in Bengal.1
 
BaptismMaria da Costa van Bengale was baptized on 18 March 1685 de Caep de Goede Hoop.2 
Marriage*She married Isaac van Bengale on 16 May 1701 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.3,4,5
 
Marriage*She married Frans Verkouter on 8 June 1710 (Cape Town).6,7,8
 
Death*She died in 1713 de Caep de Goede Hoop, in the smallpox epidemic.9
 
(Slave) ShipVoyage In February 1655 the Dolfijn, Dordrecht, Gideon, Henriette Louise, Parel, Prinses Royael and Tholen, ships of the return fleet, departed Batavia enroute to the Cape where they docked on 21 April 1655. Among those who arrived that day were the slaves Maria da Costa van Bengale and Maria van Bengale.10,11 
Misc* On 22 August 1662, the Castle, Maria da Costa van Bengale was discovered in flagrante delictu with Willem Cornelisz. He was fined and dismissed from his post as constable - she was not punished.12 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.Maria da Costa van Bengale was also known as Maria van de Cust Coromandel.13,14
8 June 1720, the name of Maria was written in the record as Maria van Bengalen.6
Slave TransactionsBetween 28 November 1665 and 18 June 1668 when Maria da Costa van Bengale and Lysbeth van Bengale were sold by Maria Prignon, widow of Ds. Petrus Wachtendorp, to Jacob van Borghorst they were either sold or passed along with their households by the incumbent ministers to their successors, who were Ds. Joan van Arckel, Dom:e Joannes de Voogd and Ds. Petrus Wachtendorp.15
After 18 June 1668 Abraham van Guinea was sold along with Maria da Costa van Bengale and Lysbeth van Bengale by Maria Prignon the widow of the minister Ds. Petrus Wachtendorp for f 660. Included in the transaction were Lijsbet's two unnamed children, probably Anna Pieters and Anthonij van de Caep. The purchaser was the incoming commander Jacob van Borghorst.16
On 31 December 1669 Andries van der Kust Coromandel, Claas Gerrits van Bengale, Mathijs van Angola, Anthonij Jansz van Bengale, Jeronimus van Coromandel, Titus van Bengale, Baddou van Bali, Ventura van Ceylon, Maaij Claesje van Angola, Abraham van Guinea, Maria da Costa van Bengale and Lysbeth van Bengale were sold by the departing commander Jacob van Borghorst to the Company for f 2 842:10:-, the amount he had originally paid for them. Included in the sale were three children, who, because they fit the profile, I have for the present presumed to be Lysbeth van de Caep, Anna Pieters and Anthonij van de Caep; the first the child of Pollecij/Maaij Claesje van Angola and the third and fourth the daughter and son of Lijsbeth van Bengale. However, at least some of these slaves came into the possession of Joan Bax van Herentals, Borghorst's successor.17
Slave EmancipationsOn 14 March 1680 Maria da Costa van Bengale was emancipated by the Company de Caep de Goede Hoop, in terms of a resolution of the Council of Policy.18
Slaves owned by individualsMaria da Costa van Bengale was a slave from the Coromandel Coast, enslaved circa 1654 and brought to Batavia, where, in 1655, she was purchased on behalf of Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck by Jacob Reijniers and sent to the Cape as personal slave to the commander.19

Citations

  1. [S657] Mansell Upham 'Hell and Paradise... Hope on Constantia / De Hel en Het Paradijs... De Hoop op Constantia: Jan Grof (died ante 1700) and his extended family at the Cape of Good Hope', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), February 2012. "Maria (Marij) da Costa / van Bengale (1655 - Van Riebeeck's personal slave sent from
    Batavia by Jacob Reijniers:)."
  2. [S681] Mansell Upham 'Pai Timor - the 'accomodatory' life and times of a 17th century exiled slave family from Timor', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), July 2012. "baptised 18 March 1685."
  3. [S717] NGK G 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk - First Marriage Register at the Cape, 1665-1712: 16 May 1701:
    Isaak van Bengale Vrymans
    met
    Maria van de Cust Coromandel, as transcribed and annotated by Mansell Upham, (10 September 2012), Personal Library. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk - First Marriages.
  4. [S700] VC 604, NGK Marriage Registers 1696-1712 (Cape Town), 1695-1712: 16 Maij
    Isaac van Bengale vryeman met
    Maria vande Cust Cormandel
    "Kerkboek 1695-1712," p. 96, 16 May 1701, marriage entry for Isaac van Bengale and Maria vande Cust Cormandel, transcribed by Corney Keller, (24 Mar 2012), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/. Hereinafter cited as NGK Marriage Registers 1696-1712 (Cape Town).
  5. [S681] Mansell Upham 'Uprooted Lives 05 Pai Timor', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "marries (16 May 1701); Maria (Marij) da Costa van Bengale."
  6. [S629] Personal communications between Mansell Upham and Delia Robertson, 2010-present. 8 June 1710:
    Frans Verkouter van Lendelee, jongman
    met
    Maria van Bengalen, wed. van Isaac van Bengalen.
  7. [S700] VC 604, NGK Marriage Registers 1696-1712 (Cape Town) transcribed by Corney Keller: 8 Junij
    Frans Verkouter, van Lendelee, jongman,
    met Maria van Bengaalen, wed:e van Isaac
    van Bengaalen.
    "Kerkboek 1695-1712," p. 107, 8 Jun 1710, marriage entry for Frans Verkouter and Maria van Bengaalen, 24 Mar 2012, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/
  8. [S681] Mansell Upham 'Uprooted Lives 05 Pai Timor', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "widow remarries (8 June1710) Frans Verkouter / [ver] Kouter (from Lendelee [ Zealand])."
  9. [S681] Mansell Upham 'Uprooted Lives 05 Pai Timor', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "she dies (smallpox epidemic 1713)."
  10. [S815] Mansell G. Upham 'Documented Slave Arrivals at the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1677)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (Unpublished), 16 November 2014. "21 April 1655: Return Fleet (Dolfijn, Dordrecht, Gideon, Henriette Louise, Parel, Prinses Royaal & Tholen) ex Batavia brings
    Maria van Bengale (Marij da Costa) [belonging to Jan van Riebeeck]
    Maria van Bengale (Maria Sacharias:) [belongs 1stly to Hendrik Hendricksz: Boom (from Amsterdam) & 2ndly to Pieter van der Stael (from Rotterdam)].
    "
  11. [S351] Grahame Naudé, "Dutch East India Company Shipping", Familia (DEIC Shipping) 43 Number 1 (2006). Hereinafter cited as "Dutch East India Company Shipping."
  12. [S657] Mansell Upham 'UL04 Hell and Paradise', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "They were discovered in each other’s arms between 10 and 11 that night in the constable’s room adjacent to the magazine where the gunpowder was stored. Van Riebeeck sent Marij back to her room. Cornelisz was put into custody. For his transgression (dereliction of duty?), Cornelisz: had his original sentence (50 years in the public works and fine of 100 reals) commuted (50 reals and dismisssal as constable. Thus, Marij [da Costa], who found her own way to Cornelisz:’s room, was saved from the clutches of Cornelisz:."
  13. [S717] NGK G 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk - First Marriages: 16 May 1701:
    Isaak van Bengale Vrymans [baptised 1693 - Lorna Newcomb]
    met
    Maria van de Cust Coromandel, 10 September 2012, Personal Library.
  14. [S700] VC 604, NGK Marriage Registers 1696-1712 (Cape Town) transcribed by Corney Keller: "Kerkboek 1695-1712," p. 96, 16 May 1701, marriage entry for Isaac van Bengale and Maria vande Cust Cormandel, 24 Mar 2012, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/
  15. [S657] Mansell Upham 'UL04 Hell and Paradise', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713),.
  16. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), pp. 31.The widow of the Rev. Petrus Wachtendorp sold Borghorst a male slave named Serry [Abraham/Abram] who came from Guinea, together with two female slaves and two children, not mentioned by name, for f 660. In footnote 45 on this page, Böeseken notes that on his departure from the Cape in April 1670, Borghorst sold twelve slaves, including Serry, to the Company for f 2 842:10:-.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  17. [S788] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/) (Original records held by unknown repository, unknown repository address) "Reference code: C. 5, pp. 89-91.
    Dingsdagh den 31en December ao. 1669."
  18. [S332] Webpage tanap.net (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa) "Reference code: C. 14, pp. 121-154
    Donderdagh 14 Martij. [1680]
    ...
    Op het versoeck gedaen voor seecke [62] 's Comps. slavin genaamt Maria van Bengale om voor seeckere somma van penni[N]gen d' Compe. van haer recht en eijgendom op haar persoon te doen afstaen ende in vrijdom te stellen, soo is goet gevonden haer in vrijdom te largeren, mits all voorens in 's Comps. cassa betaalende d' somma van 40 reijsdaelders, te meer om dat d' Compe. geen off immers weijnigh dienst van haer treckt.
    ..."
  19. [S657] Mansell Upham 'UL04 Hell and Paradise', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Maria (Marij) da Costa / van Bengale (1655 - Van Riebeeck's personal slave sent from
    Batavia by Jacob Reijniers:)."
 

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