Maria van Bengale1

F, #13779, b. 1638, d. 21 May 1665

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Last Edited27/12/2015
BirthOrigin*Maria was from Bengal and perhaps born there in 1638. She was said to be 20 years old in 1658.2,1,3 
Marriage*She married Jan Zacharias on 21 July 1658 (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.4,1
 
Death*She died on 21 May 1665 de Caep de Goede Hoop.5
 

Family

Jan Zacharias b. c 1631
Children
(Slave) ShipVoyage In February 1655 the Dolfijn, Dordrecht, Gideon, Henriette Louise, Parel, Prinses Royael and Tholen, ships of the return fleet, departed Batavia enroute to the Cape where they docked on 21 April 1655. Among those who arrived that day were the slaves Maria da Costa van Bengale and Maria van Bengale.6,7 
Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)On 31 May 1657 Geertruyd van Riebeeck was enumerated in the muster roll, as the wife of the sick-comforter, Pieter van der Stael, with their two children, one of whom would have been PN van Stael. They were recorded with his personal female slave from Batavia who had been purchased from the gardener, viz. Hendrik Boom. This would have been Maria van Bengale.8
On 15 February 1658 Geertruyd van Riebeeck was enumerated in the muster roll, as the wife of the sick-comforter, Pieter van der Stael, with their three children, one of whom would have been PN van Stael. They were recorded with his personal female slave from Batavia who had been purchased from the gardener, viz. Hendrik Boom. This would have been Maria van Bengale.9
Slave TransactionsAfter 21 April 1655 Maria van Bengale was sold to Hendrick Hendricksz Boom, no record of this transaction exists.6
Before 31 May 1657 Maria van Bengale was sold by Hendrick Hendricksz Boom to Pieter van der Stael (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop, no record of this transaction exists.10
Slave EmancipationsOn 6 July 1658 Maria van Bengale was purchased into freedom by Jan Zacharias from Pieter van der Stael, in order to marry her. Receipt of the purchase price was acknowledged, but the amount was not specified. The couple were married 15 days later.11,12,13

Citations

  1. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), January 2012. "21 July 1658: Jan Sacharias: / Zachariasz: (from Amsterdam) & Maria van Bengale."
  2. [S332] Webpage tanap.net (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa) "...Maria ... [2] geboortich van Bengale out 20 jaren,..."
  3. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 6.7.1658 CTD l,p.1
    Pieter van der Stael, sieketrooster, verkoop in vryheid aan Jan Sacharias van Amsterdam, vryburger, sy slavin Maria van Bengale wat hy weer van die vryburger Hendricq Hendricxsz Boom gekoop het op voorwaarde dat sy as 'n vrye vrou haar in die huwelik met hom [Jan Sacharias] sal begeef en hy haar as sy wettige huisvrou sal trou. Verklaar hulle twee ook om haar in ewige vryheid te stel, as vrye vrou te erken en Jan Sacharias om haar (na die voorafgaande huweliksgebooie) as sy wettige vrou te neem. [Hoewel Van der Stael erken die hele koopsom Ie ontvang het, word geen bedrag vermeld nie.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  4. [S332] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service) "Bans to be read 7, 14, 21 July 1658, and marriage following service last bans were read, i.e. 21 July.
    Saterdagh den 6en July ao. 1658. ... deselve jongeluyden haer billicq versoeck toe te staen, mitsgaders ten dien eynde op Sondagh eerstcomende na 't Cristelijcq sermoen haer eerste affcundinge te laten doen, ende alsoo vervolgens alle Sondagen tot de derde incluijs omme als dan na de laeste affroepinge ende gedaen sermoen (geen wettige oorsaecke van verhinderinge voor comende) door den Secretaris van onsen Raedt (vermits geen predicant hebben) de solemnisatie voor allen den volcque in openen raedt camere [5] te laten geschieden ende met de trouw publijckelijcq voort te varen."
  5. [S654] Mansell Upham 'UL01 What can't be cured, must be endured …', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "She dies (21 May 1665 aged 27) on the mainland."
  6. [S815] Mansell G. Upham 'Documented Slave Arrivals at the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1677)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (Unpublished), 16 November 2014. "21 April 1655: Return Fleet (Dolfijn, Dordrecht, Gideon, Henriette Louise, Parel, Prinses Royaal & Tholen) ex Batavia brings
    Maria van Bengale (Marij da Costa) [belonging to Jan van Riebeeck]
    Maria van Bengale (Maria Sacharias:) [belongs 1stly to Hendrik Hendricksz: Boom (from Amsterdam) & 2ndly to Pieter van der Stael (from Rotterdam)].
    "
  7. [S351] Grahame Naudé, "Dutch East India Company Shipping", Familia (DEIC Shipping) 43 Number 1 (2006). Hereinafter cited as "Dutch East India Company Shipping."
  8. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Letters Despatched 1652-1662 to which are added land grants, attestations, Journal of voyage to Tristan da Cunha, names of freemen, &c. Vol III, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W.A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, 1900), p.290.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope.
  9. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, p.293.
  10. [S654] Mansell Upham 'UL01 What can't be cured, must be endured …', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "31 May 1657: listed "1 slave (his own)" in muster roll as Pieter van der Stael's "own Batavia female slave brought [sic] from the gardener" [Hendrick Hendricksz: Boom (from Amsterdam)]."
  11. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 6.7.1658                                                  CTD I, p.1
    Pieter van der Stael, sieketrooster, verkoop in vryheid aan Jan Sacharias van Amsterdam, vryburger, sy slavin Maria van Bengale wat hy weer van die vryburger Hendricq Hendricxsz Boom gekoop het op voorwaarde dat sy as ‘n vrye vrou haar in die huwelik met hom [Jan Sacharias] sal begeef en hy haar as sy wettige huisvrou sal trou. Verklaar hulle twee ook om haar in ewige vryheid te stel, as vrye vrou te erken en Jan Sacharias om haar (na die voorafgaande huweliksgebooie) as sy wettige vrou te neem. [Hoewel Van der Stael erken die hele koopsom te ontvang het, word geen bedrag vermeld nie.]
  12. [S332] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service) "Jan sacharias van Amsterdam jongman ende vrijburger alhier out 27 Jaren, sigh in trouwbeloffte begeven hebbende met d' [1] jongedochter Maria ... [2] geboortich van Bengale out 20 jaren, gewesene slavinne van den sieckentrooster Pieter van der Stael, ende door voorsz Jan sacharias [3] tot dien eijnde vrijgecocht."
  13. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.124. 6.7.1658, I. p. 1: Maria from Bengal, slave belonging to the sick-comforter
    Pieter van der Stael, "sold into freedom" to Jan Sacharias from Amsterdam,
    on condition that she became his legal wife. The price paid for her freedom
    is not mentioned in the document.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  14. [S654] Mansell Upham 'UL01 What can't be cured, must be endured …', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Den 8:en d:o heeft do:e Walrand wederom een predikatie gedaen, ende gedoopt het kint van Jan Zachariasz vrijburger, is genaemt Marij."
 

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