Manuel van Angola
M, #10124, b. circa 1645, d. circa 1686
|Birth*||Manuel van Angola was born circa 1645 in Angola.1|
|Death*||He died circa 1686, the last time he appears in the record is in the muster of this year.|
|(Slave) ShipVoyage|| On 14 October 1657 the Amersfoort departed Vlie enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it docked on 28 March 1658. With more than half the journey completed, on 23 January 1658, probably off the coast of Angola, the Amersfoort sighted a Portuguese slaver with 500 slaves on board. After a 24-hour chase, the vessel was captured, and 250 slaves were taken aboard the Amersfoort for the journey to the Cape. The crippled Portuguese vessel was abandoned to whatever fate might befall her, 250 slaves and her crew.|
Of those, when the Amersfoort heaved to in Table Bay two months later, only 174 had made it alive, most them, according to Jan van Riebeeck "girls and small boys" - among them were Manuel van Angola.2,3,4
|Occupation*|| In 1683 Manuel van Angola and Anthoniij van Angola were farmers in partnership on the farm Angola, Jonkershoek de Caep de Goede Hoop.5 |
|Farm*|| Between 1683 and 1693 Anthoniij van Angola, Manuel van Angola, Louis van Bengale, Pai Marquart van Ceylon and Jan Luy van Ceylon became the owners of the farms in the Jonkershoek valley named Angola (Anthony and Manuel), Bengale (Louis), Nektar (Marquart and Jan Luij), and Wynand (Jan Liuj). See the graphic.6 |
|Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)||In 1682 Manuel van Angola and Elisabeth van Angola were enumerated in the muster roll Cape district, they were enumered after Jan Bombam & Catharina Harmens and before Pieter Gerritsz.7|
In 1685 Elisabeth van Angola, Manuel van Angola and Anthoniij van Angola enumerated in the muster roll Cape district, Anthonij was recorded as in compie or in the company of. The three were enumerated after Jan Mostaart and before Louis van Bengale.8
In 1686 Manuel van Angola was enumerated in the muster roll, they were enumered after Gerrit Cloeten & Catrijn [Harmens] and before Antonie van Angola.9
|Slaves owned by individuals||Between 28 March 1658 and 11 April 1658 the recently arrived slaves from Angola were allocated to different officials, and Manuel van Angola and Elisabeth van Angola were likely the male and female slaves assigned to Wouter Mostert as millers and stable boy.13,14|
Before 1677 Manuel van Angola was owned by Wouter Mostert.1
- [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, A calendar of bondage in southern Africa, 1550 to 1888, CD-ROM; ISBN 1-86918-063-1; (Cape Town: Ancestry24, September 2007). Hereinafter cited as Changing Hands.
- [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "This was followed by the arrival of the Amersfoort (March 1658) offloading a cargo of mostly Brazil-bound Angola slave children (170 of whom 125 were not sent to Batavia) captured from the Portuguese off the coast of Brazil (sometime in January 1658)..."
- [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.113; March 28th. N. W. breeze. The Amersfoort casts anchor; had 323 men on her, 29 dead and 30 sick. The weakest brought on shore and exchanged for others. Was provided with refreshments for the crew and the slaves who were brought on shore, already reduced to 170 in number. Many of them still very ill; most of them girls and small boys, from whom for the next 4 or 5 years very little can be got.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
- [S522] André van Rensburg, "Capensis (The Amersfoort)," October 2000. Hereinafter cited as "The Amersfoort."
- [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register, Lorna: Anthonij van Angola was een van 'n groep slawe wat op die `Amersfoort' na die Kaap gekom het 22.4 1658. Hy het verskeie eienaars gehad, maar is c1680 vrygestel. In 1683 ontvang hy die plaas Angola, Jonkershoek in belofte en boer in vennootskap met Manuel van Angola. Manuel en sy vrou Elisabeth is 16.4.1681 deur Hester Weiers van Lier vrygestel. (Boeseken `Slaves and Freeblacks' p.139. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S545] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh Die Eerste Vryswartes van Stellenbosch 1679 - 1720, Wes-Kaaplandse Instituut vir Historiese Navorsing, Tygerberg, Cape Town, (1981) 0-909075-65-4.
- [S890] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 162 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Kaap) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Jan Bombam en Catharijn Harmens 1 k.
Manuel van Angola en Lijsbeth van do. 1 k.
Pieter Gerritsz". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
- [S770] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1685 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Emanuel van Angola en Lijsbeth v. do.
Antonij van do. in compie". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
- [S784] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1686 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Emanuel van Angola & Lijsbeth van de (sic)". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 142. 31.7.1684: Manuel and Anthonij from Angola bought the slave Simon Ham for Rds. 85 from Oloff Bergh.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
- [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, Sequence IDNO: 0385
Slaves First Name: Sijmon
Slaves Middle Name: Ham Sam
Day Of Sale: 31
Month Of Sale: 7
Year Of Sale: 1684
Type Of Name: Facetious
Continental Origin Code: _Unknown
Slaves Gender: Male
Price In Rixdollars: 85
Sellers Last Name: Bergh
Sellers First Name: Oloff
Sellers Civil Status: VOC employee
Sellers Gender: Male
Sellers Domicile: Table valley
Sellers Occupation: Lieutenant
Buyers Last Name: Van Angola
Buyers First Name: Manuel
Buyers Civil Status: freeblack
Buyers Gender: Male
Buyers Domicile: Cape district
Buyers Occupation: hired servant
Comments And References: 2 Byrs Vrijbrgr
Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
- [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, Slave First Name: Manuel
Toponym: van Angola
Descent: Full breed
Name Type: Owner's name pool
Continental Origin: Africa
Slave Place Origin: ANGOLA
Simplified Age: Adult
Slave Status: Burgher
Kin Involved: No
Owner Related: No
No Of Slaves In Manumission Related: 2
Owner Surname: Mostert (wed)
Owner First Name: Wouter Cornelis
Owner Repatriation: NORE
Owner Death Status: Alive
Owner Death Year: 1677
Owner Gender: Male
Owner Status: Burgher
Political Rank: Mi
Owner Marital Status: Widow
Owner Marriage Day: 14
Owner Marriage Month: 7
Owner Marriage Year: 1658
Owner Occupation: Miller
Owner District: Table Valley
Owner Immigration: Yes
Owner Age: 40
Owner Wealth: 7
Manumitter Surname: Lier, van
Manumitter First Name: Hester
Manumitter Relation: No relation
Manumitter Death: Alive
Manumitter Death Year: 1677
Manumitter Gender: Male
Manumitter Status: Burgher
Manumitter Marital Status: Widow
Manumitter Marriage Day: 14
Manumitter Marriage Month: 7
Manumitter Marriage Year: 1658
Manumitter Occupation: Miller
Manumitter District: Table Valley
Manumitter Immigration: Yes
Manumitter Age: 40
Manumitter Wealth: 7
Sale Transaction Day: 16
Sale Transaction Month: 4
Sale Transaction Year: 1681
Manumission Type: Owner's wish
Right Of Manumission: Other
Year Freed: 1681
Additional References: Pama, p. 601
Reference: Boeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks
Page Number: Page 139
Note: sells all her prop in next month: assist previous owner.
- [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
- [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Letters Despatched 1652-1662 to which are added land grants, attestations, Journal of voyage to Tristan da Cunha, names of freemen, &c. Vol III, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W.A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, 1900). Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope.
- [S377] Webpage South Africa's Stamouers (http://www.stamouers.com/) "http://www.stamouers.com/vermeulen.htm, last accessed 16 June 2011; Martha Manuels is dus in alle waarskynlikheid die kind van Manuel van Angola en Catrijn van Bengale."