Simon van Angola1

M, #13745, b. circa 1648

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Last Edited05/03/2016
Birth*Simon van Angola was born circa 1648 in Angola.1,2
 
(Slave) ShipVoyage On 14 October 1657 the Amersfoort departed Vlie enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where it docked on 28 March 1658. With more than half the journey completed, on 23 January 1658, probably off the coast of Angola, the Amersfoort sighted a Portuguese slaver with 500 slaves on board. After a 24-hour chase, the vessel was captured, and 250 slaves were taken aboard the Amersfoort for the journey to the Cape. The crippled Portuguese vessel was abandoned to whatever fate might befall her, 250 slaves and her crew.

Of those, when the Amersfoort heaved to in Table Bay two months later, only 174 had made it alive, most them, according to Jan van Riebeeck "girls and small boys" - among them were Simon van Angola.3,4,5 
(Slave) Will On 23 February 1673 Henrick Barentze van der Zee and Jannetje Ferdinandus, both ill and confined to bed, executed a will in which they each designated their surviving spouse as beneficiary in their estate. If Hendrick died first, Jannetje would send f 600 Hollandse waarde to his father Barent Hendricksz:, the mayor of the island Ommeland ([Ameland]. If Jannetje predeceased Hendrick, he would give each of her underage sons from her first marriage, Joannes Appel and Ferdinandùs Appel, half of f 1 000 Hollandse waarde as their mother's portion. It was also their supreme will and wish that if either died first or returned to Patria Hendrick's slave, Simon van Angola, was to be emancipated, however this would only come into effect after three further years of slaving for his surviving owner. The record does not reflect whether or not this ever happened.6 
Slave TransactionsSometime between 28 March 1658 and 1 April 1666 Wouter Mostert acquired ownership of Simon van Angola de Caep de Goede Hoop.7
On 1 April 1666 Simon van Angola was sold by Wouter Mostert, to Jochem Marquaert and Coenraad Urbanus. However if Simon died within 6 months, Mostaert was to give the purchasers "Hans". This was presumably the slave purchased by Mostaert from Thomas Christoffel Muller in 1662, i.e. Oude Hans van Guinea. If on the other hand, Hans was to die within the same period, then the purchasers would have no further claim against the seller. In separately recorded transactions on the same date, Mostert sold to the same purchasers two erven in Table Valley. The purchase price for the series of transactions, which also included 50 sheep, was f 1000 for which the purchasers signed a lien.7,8,9
On 12 December 1670 Simon van Angola and Gerrit van Bengale were sold by Coenraad Urbanus to Jochem Marquart and Henrick Barentze van der Zee, in a complex transaction of f 5000, payable in two instalments, which included his house, outbuildings, erf on the corner of Olifantstraat, household goods, kisten en kasten fixed to the house, as well as 143 halfbreed ooihamels en ramskape. The slaves are described as 'een Angoolse Caffer’ Sijmon en die ander ‘een Indiaan’ genaamt Gerrit.10
On 16 January 1671 in a complex agreement that appeared to end a partnership, Simon van Angola and Gerrit van Bengale became the property of Henrick Barentze van der Zee who acquired them from Jochem Marquart, along with all the possessions they previously owned together. These included a house on the corner of Olifant Street with contents, fixed and unfixed, including kists and cupboards, the two slaves and 200 sheep; the Saldanha vessel d'Bruijd with its sails and oil drums; a garden in Table Valley; and a second garden and erf in Table Valley. Marquart remained responsible for an acknowledgement of debt to the Diakonie of f 500, while Barentsz: offered an acknowledgement of debt in the amount of f 2 900. Hattingh describes this as partnership agreement but his transcription appears to contradict this — rather the transactions seemed to be a dissolution of the partnership.11
Property TransactionsOn 17 February 1672 Henrick Barentze van der Zee sold De Bruijd and the traanbranders [whale oil smelters?] to the Saldanhavaerders Jurgen Cornelisz, Willem Cornelisz van Ijlpendam and Arnoldus Willemsz Basson, for an acknowledgement of debt in the amount of f 550. The two slaves, Simon van Angola and Gerrit van Bengale were not mentioned, however Gerrit appears to have returned to the ownership of Jochem Marquart, who subsequently emancipates him. Barentsz: appears to have later emancipated Sijmon, or at least expressed a sick-bed wish to do so.12

Citations

  1. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 126: 01.04.1666: Simon from Angola, sold by Wouter Cornelis Mostaert to Jochem Marquart and Coenraet [Urbanus] van Altenberg. If he died within six months, Mostaert was to give his slave Hans to Marquart and van Altenberg. If Hans died within six months, Simon was to be returned to his original owner.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  2. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide.
  3. [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "This was followed by the arrival of the Amersfoort (March 1658) offloading a cargo of mostly Brazil-bound Angola slave children (170 of whom 125 were not sent to Batavia) captured from the Portuguese off the coast of Brazil (sometime in January 1658)..."
  4. [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, JVR Journal II, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.113; March 28th. N. W. breeze. The Amersfoort casts anchor; had 323 men on her, 29 dead and 30 sick. The weakest brought on shore and exchanged for others. Was provided with refreshments for the crew and the slaves who were brought on shore, already reduced to 170 in number. Many of them still very ill; most of them girls and small boys, from whom for the next 4 or 5 years very little can be got.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, JVR Journal II 1656-1658.
  5. [S522] André van Rensburg, "Capensis (The Amersfoort)," October 2000. Hereinafter cited as "The Amersfoort."
  6. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse notariële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (II), Die tweede Dekade 1671-1680", Kronos (Die notariële stukke II) 15 (1999): 23.2.1673     CTD 6, p. 5
    Die eersame Hendrick Barents van der Zee, burger alhier en gebore te Zuerwaerden, en die eerbare Jannetje Geeraerts van Cortrijck, sy huisvrou, beide siek en bedlêend dog by hul verstand [maak hul testament] en wys die langslewende as testateur aan van al hulle besittings. As hy, sonder wettige erfgename by haar, eerste te sterwe kom, sal sy uit hul gesamentlike boedel ‘n legaat aan sy vader Barent Hendricksz, burgermeester op die eiland Ommeland, ter waarde van f 600 Hollandse waarde, as sy vaderserfporsie bemaak. As sy eerste te sterwe kom sonder dat daar kinders by hom in hul tweede huwelik verwek is, sal hy aan haar twee onmondige seuns uit haar eerste huwelik, Joannes en Ferdinandus Appel, elk die helfte van die som van f 1 000 Hollandse waarde, as hul moedersgedeelte uitkeer. Beide sal aan die Diakonie van die armes die som van f 50, Indiese waarde, uitkeer. Ook is dit hul uiterste wil en begeerte ingeval die testateur eerste te sterwe kom of na die vaderland vertrek een van sy lyfeie, Sijmon van Angola, vrygestel sal word dog haar vir nog drie jaar dien alvorens vry te wees. As sy eerste te sterwe kom, beloof hy om die slaaf ook vry te stel.. Hereinafter cited as "Die notariële stukke II."
  7. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 126: 01.04.1666 III, pp.13-14: Simon from Angola, sold by Wouter Cornelis Mostaert to Jochem Marquart and Coenraet [Urbanus] van Altenberg. If he died within six months, Mostaert was to give his slave Hans to Marquart and van Altenberg. If Hans died within six months, Simon was to be returned to his original owner.
  8. [S606] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "A.J. Böeseken se Addendum van Kaapse slawe-verkoopstransaksies: Foute en regstellings", Kronos (Foute en regstellings) 9 (1984): 1.4.1666: Die kooptransaksie het vyftig skape ingesluit wat nie in die addendum vermeld word nie.. Hereinafter cited as "Foute en regstellings."
  9. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 1.4.1666     CTD 3, p.13
    Wouter Cornelisz Mostert [geteken Wouter Mostaert] vryburgerraad, verkoop aan Jochum Marquart van Gorcum en Coenraet van Altenberch van Meijssen, in maatskappy, ‘n slaaf Simon en 50 skape op die voorwaarde dat indien Simon binne die eerste halfjaar te sterwe sou kom, Mostert hulle sy ander slaaf, Hans, sal gee. As Hans ook binne ses maande te sterwe kom, sal die kopers geen verdere aansprake besit nie. [Geen bedrag vermeld. Onder dieselfde datum, maar op verskillende plekke in die bundel ingebind, verkoop Mastert ook twee huiserwe (T45, p.47 en T46, p.49) in Tafelvallei aan dieselfde twee persone. Hulle betaal met ‘n skuldbrief ter waarde van f 1000 vir albei erwe, die slaaf en 50 skape en teken die skuldbrief, p. 33, as Conrad von Altanburgh aus Meyssen en Jochim Marquart.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  10. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 12.12.1670     T95     T 120 en T 127      CTD 4, p.157
    Coenraad Urbanus, vryburger, verkoop aan Jochum Marquart van Gorcum en Hendrik Barendtsz van Leeuwaerden, vryburgers in vennootskap, sy huis, byhuise en erf op die hoek van Olifantstraat; suid daarvan is die Kompanjie se koringmeule en die tuin van die asryers, noord die weduwee van Jan Israels, wes die onbeboude erwe na Leeuberg en oos die straat van Fortsplein, volgens die erfbrief van 20 September 1660 met die huisraad, ‘kisten en kasten’ en wat voorts aan die huis ‘nagelvast’ is asook twee slawe, die een ‘een Angoolse Caffer’ Sijmon en die ander ‘een Indiaan’ genaamt Gerrit benewens 143 halfslag ooihamels en ramskape, saam vir f 5000 in twee termyne betaalbaar. Op dieselfde dag teken die twee kopers ‘n skuldbrief vir die bedrag ten gunste van Coenraad Urbanus van Altenbergh maar noem nie weer die name van die slawe nie. Hulle sluit egter ook nog ‘n tuin (T 97), groot 259 roede 10 voet, in Tafelvallei gelee, hierby in. p.172.).
  11. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 16.1.1671     TI20     TI46 en TI27           CTD 5, p. 83
    Jochem Marquart van Gorcum en Hendrik Barentsz van Leuwaerden, beide ingesetenes [van die Kaap], verklaar dat hulle op 1 Desember 1670 in vennootskap getree het, soos op 8 Augustus 1670 ‘in der minne’ mondeling ooreengekom maar waarvan weens allerlei voorvalle nog niks skriftelik opgestel is nie, met die verstandhouding dat hulle gesamentlik die wins en verlies besit wat God die Here hul in hul arbeid en onderneming mag toebedeel, naamlik dat Hendrick Barentsz van 8 Augustus af alles aanvaar wat hulle tot op datum in vennootskap besit het. Jochem Marquart dra dus al die besittinge waarvan hy die helfte besit het aan Hendrick Baretsz [sic] oor:

    Eerstens die helfte van die huis op die hoek van Olifantstraat, groot 140 X 58 rynlandse voete, suid [daarvan] is die Kompanjie se koringmeule, noord die huis van J. Valkenrijk, wes die onbeboude erwe na Leeuwenberg, oos voor aan die straat van “‘t Fortspleijn,” volgens die erfbrief van 20 September 1660 en die oordrag van Coenraad Urbanus op 12 Desember 1670 wat hulle gesamentlik aanvaar het; waarby hy nog voeg sy geregtelike helfte van al die huisraad, kiste en kaste en wat nog alles aan die huis en erf ‘aerd en nagelvast is;’ asook twee slawe, ‘die een genaamt Sijmon een Angoolse caffer, d’ ander gen[aam]t Gerrit een Indean’ saam met 200 uitgesoekte skape deurmekaar;

    Tweedens, ook die geregtelike helfte van die vaartuig genaamd d’Bruijd, groot omtrent 8 of 9 laste met al sy seile en die traanketels wat hulle saam op 27 Februarie 1670 van Willem Joosten en Bartholomeus Borns gekoop het;

    Derdens, die geregtelike helfte van die tuin in Tafelvallei wes van die fort, groot 247 [vk] roede 5 [vk] voete, noord [daarvan] is die onbeboude land na die seekant, suid die tuin van die Kompanjie, wes die land na Leeuwenbergen ten ooste die pad of in gang van die Kompanjie se tuin volgens die erfbrief van 15 Oktober 1659 wat hulle op 12 Desember 1670 van Coenraad Urbanus oorgeneem het;

    Vierdens, die geregtelike helfte van die tuin en erf geleë in die Tafelvallei, groot 1 morg 361 [vk] roede, noordoos is die Kompanjie se nuut beginne fort, suidoos is Windberg, suidwes op na Tafelberg en noordwes is Leeuwenberg volgens die erfbrief van 18 Junie 1669 en die oordrag van Matthijs Coijmans op 10 Julie 1670. Alles word oorgedra behalwe die f 500 wat hulle gesamentlik nog aan die Diakonie vir ‘n jaar skuld wat Marquart vir sy rekening neem, en ‘n skuldbrief wat hy vir f 2 900 wat hy as betaling aanbied.
    16.1.1672     CTD 5. p. 157
    Hendrick Barentsen van Leeuwaerden, burger en ingesetene alhier, erken dat hy aan Jochum Marquart van Gorcum, medeburger alhier en sy gewese ‘compagnon’, die bedrag van f 2 900 skuld, spruitende uit die koop van die geregtelike helfte van die huis en erf geleë op die hoek van Olifantstraat, inbegrepe al die huisraad, twee slawe [Simon van Angola en Gerrit ‘die Indiaann’] en nog twee honderd ‘gesorteerde skape en die helfte van alles wat aan die woning ‘aerdt naelvast’ is en daar toe behoort soos vandag aan hom wetlik oorgedra is; asook die geregtelike helfte van die vaartuig de Bruijd met sy seile en alles wat tot die vissery en traanbrandery behoort; en die geregtelike helfte van twee tuine in Tafelvallei waarvan die oordrag vandag aan hom oorhandig is. Beloof hy aanspreeklikheid te neem vir alles en te betaal, asook die f 500 aan die Diakonie alhier met een jaar se rente teen 6% asook die f 2 900 in drie paaiemente, die eerste f 600 gedurende 1672 wanneer die Bataviese retoervloot die rede verlaat en die resterende f 2 300 die daaropvolgende twee jaar op dieselfde tyd, telkens f 150. Daarvoor verpand hy al sy besittings, veral dit wat vandag aan hom oorgedra is en sy persoon.
  12. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 16.1.1672     CTD 5. p. 157.
    [Op 17.2.1672 (p. 166) verkoop Barentsen die boot en traanbranders aan Jurriaen Cornelissen van Dronthem, Willem Cornelisz van Ijlpendam en Arnoldus Willemsz van Wesell, almal ‘Saldanhavaerders alhier’ vir ‘n skuldbrief van f 550. Van die slawe word nou geen melding gemaak nie.]
 

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