Christoph Grünewaldt

M, #515, b. circa 1670, d. 1721

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
Last Edited27/05/2015
Birth*Christoph Grünewaldt was born circa 1670 in Königsberg, Prussia.1,2
 
Marriage*He married Catharina Niemand on 11 November 1691 Cape Town, Cape Colony.3,4
 
Death*He died in 1721 de Caep de Goede Hoop.
 

Family

Catharina Niemand b. c 1670, d. b 1719
Children
Arrival* In 1690, Christoph Grünewaldt arrived at the Cape, as a soldier with the rank of corporal in service of the VOC. from Königsberg.5 
Occupation* In 1691 Christoph Grünewaldt was a smith in the service of the VOC.5,4 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.21 August 1695, the name of Christoph was written in the record as Christoffel Groenewalt.
2 August 1707, the name of Christoph was written in the record as Christoffel Groenenbold.6
13 September 1711, the name of Christoph was written in the record as Christoffel Groenewald.7
Baptisms - WitnessChristoph Grünewaldt and Grietie Philipze witnessed the baptism of Joannes van As on 5 March 1693 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.8
He and Hillegond Couché, Detlef Bibault and Willemyntje Ariens de Wit witnessed the baptism of Anna Bibault on 21 August 1695 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.9
Vrijbriewen and Burgher StatusChristoph Grünewaldt became a burgher before 11 November 1691, in Dutch vryburgher or vrijburgher, initially a status in which a soldier or other employee of the VOC was released from their contractual obligations to the VOC and permitted to farm, become a tradesman, or work for others. Subsequently some individuals, including the Huguenot refugees, were brought to the Cape specifically to farm and were burghers from the time of their arrival.3,4
Slave BirthsChristoph Grünewaldt owned Flora van der Kaap who was born in bondage, before 2 August 1707, de Caep de Goede Hoop.10
Slave TransactionsOn 11 May 1695 Ismael van Macassar and Domingo van Aroe were sold for Rds. 130 by Cornelis Keeleman. Shell records they were purchased by Christoffel Groenewald but Böeseken says the purchaser was Jan Mostert.11,12
Christoph Grünewaldt bought a slave, Anna van Malabar from Jacob Joppe de Jonge on 21 June 1696 de Caep de Goede Hoop. For Rds 100.13,14
On 25 June 1697 Adam van Malabar and Tamar van Tambora were sold by Cornelis Keeleman to Christoph Grünewaldt de Caep de Goede Hoop, for Rds. 60 and Rds. 70, respectively.15,16,17
On 27 June 1697 Aaron van die Kust was sold by Christoffel Scheuder to Christoph Grünewaldt de Caep de Goede Hoop, Rds 55.18,19
On 17 December 1697 Pagolet van Bengale was sold by Christoph Grünewaldt to Jan Lambertz Meijburgh de Caep de Goede Hoop.20,21
On 23 January 1700 Rojkje van Madagascar was was sold on behalf of Hendrik van der Tijt by Heribert Dompselaar to Christoph Grünewaldt, for Rds. 40.22,23
On 27 April 1701 Douwe van Timor was sold by Christoph Grünewaldt to Nicolaes Kleef de Caep de Goede Hoop.24
Slave EmancipationsOn 7 September 1721 Tamoer van Macassar was emancipated as stipulated in the will of Christoph Grünewaldt, with the approval of his sons, Christoffel Groenewald, Johannes Groenewald and Coenraad Groenewald de Caep de Goede Hoop.25

Citations

  1. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide.
  2. [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia of the Germans at the Cape, 1652-1806, Archives Year Book for South African History (Cape Town: Government Printer, Union of South Africa, 1946), GROENEWALD, CHRISTOPH (S Grünwald).-Konigsberg. Corp. 1690. Burgher and blacksmith I691. ~ 11.11.1691 Catharina Niemand of Amsterdam. 3 sons. † 1721. (CJ 1122 under 28.4.1694; CJ 1129 : 28; CJ 1254, p, 145; G.R. nr. 147.). Hereinafter cited as Personalia.
  3. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: Den 11 Dito
    sijn in den huijwekijken staedt ver eenigt Christoffel G[...]wout van Koe
    nighsbergen jongman en borger alhier met Catharina [..] van Amsterdam jonge dogter, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  4. [S33] C.C. de Villiers & C. Pama, Geslagregisters van ou Kaapse Families I A-K (Cape Town / Amsterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1966), Page 268. Hereinafter cited as Geslagregisters van ou Kaapse Families I A-K.
  5. [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia, GROENEWALD, CHRISTOPH (S Grünwald).-Konigsberg. Corp. 1690. Burgher and blacksmith 1691. ~ 11.11.1691 Catharina Niemand of Amsterdam. 3 sons. † 1721. (CJ 1122 under 28.4.1694; CJ 1129 : 28; CJ 1254, p, 145; G.R. nr. 147.).
  6. [S347] Mansell Upham, "Slaves of the free-burgher Christoffel Groenewald", February 2006 (Pretoria, South Africa). This short register was prepared for Delia Robertson by Mansell Upham in February 2006., Den 2: Augusti [1707/8?] door D:[ominee] Beck een doghter van Anna van Mallebaar lijfeijgene van den vrijburger Christoffel Groenenbold onder getuigen van Domingo van Bengale met Bastiana van Bengale Flora. Hereinafter cited as "Slaves of Christoffel Groenewald."
  7. [S347] Mansell Upham, "Slaves of Christoffel Groenewald", This short register was prepared for Delia Robertson by Mansell Upham in February 2006., d[it]o [1711.13.7b – ie 13 September 1711] Na voorgaande belydenis gedoopt een Macassarse slavin van Christoffel Groenewald genaamt Thamar.
  8. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: 1693
    Den 5 Martij Een kint gedoopt waer van vader is Lou[ ]
    van As, de moeder Helena Janse, tot getuijge stont
    Grietie Philipze, ende Christoffel Groenewout, ende
    is Joannes, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  9. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): den 21 dito (Augusti) een kind van Diedelhof Bibout en Willememina, gent Anna, getuijgen Christoffel Groene,, newalt en Hillegond Couché, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  10. [S347] Mansell Upham, "Slaves of Christoffel Groenewald", This short register was prepared for Delia Robertson by Mansell Upham in February 2006.
  11. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, A calendar of bondage in southern Africa, 1550 to 1888, CD-ROM; ISBN 1-86918-063-1; (Cape Town: Ancestry24, September 2007), Sequence IDNO:       0982     
    Slaves First Name:       Domingo     
    Presumed Place Of Origin:       van Aroe     
    Day Of Sale:       11     
    Month Of Sale:       5     
    Year Of Sale:       1695     
    Type Of Sale:       Oceanic     
    Type Of Name:       Day name     
    Continental Origin Code:       Indonesian Archipelago     
    Slaves Age:       15     
    Slaves Gender:       Male     
    Price In Rixdollars:       65     
    Sellers Last Name:       Keeleman     
    Sellers First Name:       Cornelis     
    Sellers Civil Status:       VOC employee     
    Sellers Gender:       Male     
    Sellers Domicile:       Transit-at sea     
    Sellers Occupation:       Skipper     
    Buyers Last Name:       Groenewald     
    Buyers First Name:       Christoffel     
    Buyers Civil Status:       burgher     
    Buyers Gender:       Male     
    Buyers Domicile:       Table valley     
    Buyers Occupation:       blacksmith     
    Primary Reference:       Transporten en Scheepeniskennis     

    Sequence IDNO:       0983     
    Slaves First Name:       Ismael     
    Presumed Place Of Origin:       van Macassar     
    Day Of Sale:       11     
    Month Of Sale:       5     
    Year Of Sale:       1695     
    Type Of Sale:       Oceanic     
    Type Of Name:       Old Testament     
    Continental Origin Code:       Indonesian Archipelago     
    Slaves Age:       24     
    Slaves Gender:       Male     
    Price In Rixdollars:       65     
    Sellers Last Name:       Keeleman     
    Sellers First Name:       Cornelis     
    Sellers Civil Status:       VOC employee     
    Sellers Gender:       Male     
    Sellers Domicile:       Transit-at sea     
    Sellers Occupation:       Skipper     
    Buyers Last Name:       Groenewald     
    Buyers First Name:       Christoffel     
    Buyers Civil Status:       burgher     
    Buyers Gender:       Male     
    Buyers Domicile:       Table valley     
    Buyers Occupation:       blacksmith     
    Primary Reference:       Transporten en Scheepeniskennis. Hereinafter cited as Changing Hands.
  12. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.122. 11.5.1695, p. 122 (verso): Ismael from Macassar (24) and Domingo from Aroe (14/15), sold by Cornelis Keeleman to Jan Mostert for Rds. 130.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  13. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, Sequence IDNO: 1074, Anna van Malabar [Sold by Jacob Joppe de Jong to Christoffel Groenewald, age 24.].
  14. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.173. 21.6.1696, p. 79 (recto et verso): Anna from Malabar (24), sold by Jacob Joppe de Jongh to Christoffel Groenewalt for Rds. 100.
  15. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, 1227, Adam
    Sequence IDNO: 1227
    Slaves First Name: Adam
    Presumed Place Of Origin: Van Malabar
    Day Of Sale: 25
    Month Of Sale: 6
    Year Of Sale: 1697
    Type Of Sale: Oceanic
    Type Of Name: Old Testament
    Continental Origin Code: Indian Sub Continent
    Slaves Age: 20
    Slaves Gender: Male
    Price In Rixdollars: 60
    Sellers Last Name: Keeleman
    Sellers First Name: Cornelis
    Sellers Civil Status: VOC employee
    Sellers Gender: Male
    Sellers Domicile: Transit-at sea
    Sellers Occupation: Skipper
    Buyers Last Name: Groenewald
    Buyers First Name: Christoffel
    Buyers Civil Status: burgher
    Buyers Gender: Male
    Buyers Domicile: Table valley
    Buyers Occupation: blacksmith
    Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
  16. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, Sequence IDNO: 1230
    Slaves First Name: Tamar
    Presumed Place Of Origin: Van Tambur
    Day Of Sale: 25
    Month Of Sale: 6
    Year Of Sale: 1697
    Type Of Sale: Oceanic
    Type Of Name: Autochthonous
    Continental Origin Code: Indonesian Archipelago
    Slaves Age: 22
    Slaves Gender: Female
    Price In Rixdollars: 70
    Sellers Last Name: Keeleman
    Sellers First Name: Cornelis
    Sellers Civil Status: VOC employee
    Sellers Gender: Male
    Sellers Domicile: Transit-at sea
    Sellers Occupation: Skipper
    Buyers Last Name: Groenewald
    Buyers First Name: Christoffel
    Buyers Civil Status: burgher
    Buyers Gender: Male
    Buyers Domicile: Table valley
    Buyers Occupation: blacksmith
    Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
  17. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 179. 25.6.1697, p. 224 (verso): Adam from Malabar (20) and Tamar from Tambora (22), sold by Cornelis Keeleman, skipper on the Spiegel, for Rds. 60.
  18. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, 1236, Aaron
    Sequence IDNO: 1236
    Slaves First Name: Aaron
    Presumed Place Of Origin: Van die kus [Coromandel]
    Day Of Sale: 27
    Month Of Sale: 6
    Year Of Sale: 1697
    Type Of Name: Old Testament
    Continental Origin Code: Indian Sub Continent
    Slaves Age: 25
    Slaves Gender: Male
    Price In Rixdollars: 55
    Sellers Last Name: Scheuder
    Sellers First Name: Christoffel
    Sellers Civil Status: burgher
    Sellers Gender: Male
    Sellers Domicile: Transit-at sea
    Sellers Occupation: Occupation
    Buyers Last Name: Groenewald
    Buyers First Name: Christoffel
    Buyers Civil Status: burgher
    Buyers Gender: Male
    Buyers Domicile: Table valley
    Buyers Occupation: blacksmith
    Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
  19. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 179. 27.6.1697, p. 232: Aron from the Coast (25), sold to Christoffel Groenewalt for Rds. 55 by Christoffel Scheuder, Free Burgher sailing from Batavia on the Cattenburgh.
  20. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, 1275, Pagolet
    Sequence IDNO: 1275
    Slaves First Name: Pagolet
    Presumed Place Of Origin: van Bengal
    Day Of Sale: 17
    Month Of Sale: 12
    Year Of Sale: 1697
    Type Of Name: Autochthonous
    Continental Origin Code: Indian Sub Continent
    Slaves Age: 22
    Slaves Gender: Male
    Price In Rixdollars: 55
    Sellers Last Name: Groenewald
    Sellers First Name: Christoffel
    Sellers Civil Status: burgher
    Sellers Gender: Male
    Sellers Domicile: Table valley
    Sellers Occupation: Blacksmith
    Buyers Last Name: Meijburg
    Buyers First Name: Jan Lam
    Buyers Civil Status: burgher
    Buyers Gender: Male
    Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
  21. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 181.17.12.1697, pp. 282 (verso) - 283: Pacolet from Bengal (22), sold by Christoffel Groenewalt to Jan Lamberts Meijburgh for Rds. 55.
  22. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 191. 23.1.1700: Rokje from Madagascar (22), sold by Heribertus van Dompselaar on behalf of Hendrik van der Tijt to Christoffel Groenewalt for Rds. 40.
  23. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, 1680, Rojkje
    Sequence IDNO: 1680
    Slaves First Name: Rojkje
    Presumed Place Of Origin: van Madagascar
    Day Of Sale: 23
    Month Of Sale: 1
    Year Of Sale: 1700
    Type Of Name: Autochthonous
    Continental Origin Code: Mada&Mau
    Slaves Age: 22
    Slaves Gender: Male
    Price In Rixdollars: 40
    Sellers Last Name: Dompselaar
    Sellers First Name: Heribert
    Sellers Civil Status: VOC employee
    Sellers Gender: Male
    Sellers Domicile: Table valley
    Sellers Occupation: Second Mate
    Buyers Last Name: Groenewald
    Buyers First Name: Christoffel
    Buyers Civil Status: burgher
    Buyers Gender: Male
    Buyers Domicile: Table valley
    Buyers Occupation: blacksmith
    Comments And References: Buyer
    Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
  24. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, 1807, Douwe
     Sequence IDNO: 1807
    Slaves First Name: Douwe
    Presumed Place Of Origin: Van Timor
    Day Of Sale: 27
    Month Of Sale: 4
    Year Of Sale: 1701
    Type Of Name: Facetious
    Continental Origin Code: Indonesian Archipelago
    Slaves Age: 29
    Slaves Gender: Male
    Price In Rixdollars: 100
    Sellers Last Name: Groenewald
    Sellers First Name: Christiaan
    Sellers Civil Status: burgher
    Sellers Gender: Male
    Sellers Domicile: Table valley
    Sellers Occupation: Blacksmith
    Buyers Last Name: Kleef
    Buyers First Name: Nicholas
    Buyers Civil Status: burgher
    Buyers Gender: Male
    Buyers Domicile: Stellenbosch district
    Buyers Occupation: farmer
    Primary Reference: Transporten en Scheepeniskennis.
  25. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, Tamoer van Macassar.
  26. [S294] E-mails from Alet Swanepoel (e-mail address) to Buitenposten, 10 Jan 2004- (Personal Library.
 

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