F, #15487, b. circa 1721
|Father*||Jonker van Macassar3 b. c 1660, d. 1747|
|Mother*||Rosetta van Java2 b. c 1690, d. bt 11 Feb 1733 - 24 Apr 1733|
|Notice||Rosetta van Java, Jonker van Macassar, Johanna Jonker, Catharina van de Caep, Catharina van de Caep, Adolph Jonker, Jacob Jansen, Johannis van de Caep, Johanna van de Caep, Maria Juliana Jansen, Adam van Batavia, Bastiaen van Cijlon, Johannes Jansz van Ceijlon and Rosetta van Bengale are the subjects of two important articles published by Remarkable Writing on the First Fifty Years project as part of Mansell Upham's Uprooted Lives series. (Clicking on the title will take you directly to a download of the article.)|
The first is: God's Slave and Afrikaner 'Hearts of Darkness' — Abdullah alias Adolf Jonker (c.1707-1770)
And the second: Identifying Jonker van Macassar
There will be further updates to the profiles of some of these individuals in due course.
|Baptism||Johanna Jonker was baptized on 2 December 1731 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), Cabo de Goede Hoop. The baptism was witnessed by Diana van Makassar and Titus Jacobsz: van Macassar.2|
|(Child) Will||On 24 January 1727, Jonker van Macassar 'appeared' before the Secretaris or Secretary of the Council of Policy, Daniel Thiebault, to execute his will with the assistance of a Portuguese interpreter. This assistance may have been accorded to him due to his royal status. He was in fact ill and confined to bed, so the official would have come to him. However, there is nothing in the record which indicates the will was ever probated. There are several edits in the original will. He is described as a Vrij gegeevene Leijffeijgen known to the Secretaris. His de facto wife Rosetta van Java named on this occasion as Rosetta van Java, is first described as sijne Concubine, this is deleted and substuted with de vrijswartinne. To her he bequeaths the slave Alexander van Couchin and stipulates that this bequest cannot be contested. To their son and daughter Jacob Jansen and Johanna Jonker, he leaves the slave September van Manda. A comment describing Jacob as door een ander persoon geprocreeert was crossed out, but at his 1730 baptism Jacob is described as halfslag, indicating his father was white and that he was therefor not the biological son of the prince. To his other son and daughter Jacob Jansen and Johanna Jonker, he bequeaths the slaves Cassamie of Origin Unknown and Fortuijn van Bougis. All of the slaves were to remain with his de facto wife until the children attained their majority. Rosetta van Java also inherited the residue of his estate except for Rds 50 given to Jacob to assist in raising the other children to majority.|
|Names in the record, in publications, etc.||Johanna Jonker was also known as Amel Jonker.4|
The name of Johanna appeared as Jamela Jonker in the cited publication(s.)4
2 December 1731, the name of Johanna was written in the record as Johanna van de Caep.5
|Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)||1724 Jonker van Macassar and Rosetta van Java were enumerated on the opgaafrol (census/tax roll) in the Cape District, along with two sons, presumably Adolph Jonker and Jacob Jansen; and three daughters, two of whom were most likely Johanna Jonker and Catharina van de Caep. There was time between the 1721 and 1724 opgaafrollen for the birth of three daughters, one of whom would have died post 1724 (based on subsequent enumerations). Recorded with them were three male slaves, the first would have been Leander van Malabar. The other two may have been any of the following November of Origin Unknown, Alexander van Couchin, September van Manda, Cassamie of Origin Unknown and Fortuijn van Bougis.6|
1725 Jonker van Macassar and Rosetta van Java were enumerated on the opgaafrol (census/tax roll) in the Cape District, along with two sons, presumably Adolph Jonker and Jacob Jansen; and two daughters, most likely Johanna Jonker and Catharina van de Caep. It is worth noting that a year earlier the couple had been enumerated with 3 daughters, one of whom now seems to have died. Recorded with them were four male slaves, who would have been Alexander van Couchin, September van Manda, Cassamie of Origin Unknown and Fortuijn van Bougis. All of these individuals appear variously in the record connected to one or both of the principles.7
|Slave Births||Circa 1721, Johanna Jonker was born in bondage de Caep de Goede Hoop, the date is estimated based on her parents enumeration in the 1721, 1724 and 1725 opgaafrollen and her subsequent baptism as the older sister of Catharina.8,6|
|Slave Emancipations||On 11 February 1733 Jonker van Macassar applied to the Council of Policy through the ondercoopman, junior merchant Abraham Decker for the freedom of his children Adolph Jonker, Johanna Jonker and Catharina van de Caep whom he had fathered with his slave Rosetta van Java ( bij desselfs slavin...geteelt ). The children were named as Amel, Talie and Adel in the record, and the first two were already living with Decker, while the third, Adel, was living with Aletta de Beer the widow of Daniel Thibault. The prince also sought in this application to identify his three children as his heirs.9|
On 24 April 1733 Adolph Jonker, Johanna Jonker and Catharina van de Caep were emancipated by order of the Council of Policy following the earlier request of their father, Jonker van Macassar. His application was submitted by the ondercoopman Abraham Decker who acted on his behalf. The children's mother Rosetta van Java described in this document as the slavin of the prince, was said to be overledenen, that is deceased.10
- [S856] Mansell Upham 'Identifying Jonker van Macassar', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/RemarkableWriting/…), April 2016. "24 November 1767
Dingsdag den 24 Nov[e]b:[er] 1767:
Terwijl wijders, naar Lectuure der diesweegens ingediende Requesten, aan de Burgers Gerrit Reijnders en Johannes Braun Olkers, is gepermitteerd, omme nevens derselver Huijsvrouwen Dorothea Raats en Johanna Jonker, item des laatstgem:[elde] Soontje genaamt Johannes Adolphus, oud vijf Jaaren, onder betaalinge der gewoone Transport en Costpenn:, voor Logies en Tractament in de Cajuijt, met de verwagt werdende Retourscheepen naar Neederland te moogen overvaaren [CA: C 145, pp. 306-328]."
- [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "Den 2 X:ber [December 1731]
Johanna, (on echt) de oudste
Catharina, (on echt) de jongste de moeder is Rosetta van Java, de getuijge Titus Jacobze, en Diana van Makasser."
- [S856] Mansell Upham 'Uprooted Lives 28b Identifying Jonker van Macassar', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Jamela [Jamila?] / Amel [Amal] aka Johanna Jonker heelslag born in slavery; born c. 1723."
- [S856] Mansell Upham 'Uprooted Lives 28b Identifying Jonker van Macassar', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Jamela [Ìãíáå ?(Jamila)?] / Amel [Ããá (Amal)] aka Johanna Jonker heelslag born in slavery; born c. 1723."
- [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org).
- [S860] Opgaafrol, FILE NUMBER; J; Tax Rolls, 1721, Cape Archive Depot, 0324A MACASSAR VAN VS [Vrijswart] JONKER 1 [Male] 1 [Female] 2 [Sons] 3 [Daughters] 3 [Slaves]
0324B MACASSAR VAN VS [Vrijswart] ROSETTA. My thanks to Hans Heese for sharing his transcription of this opgaaf.
- [S864] Opgaafrol, FILE NUMBER; J; Tax Rolls, 1721, Cape Archive Depot, 0396 Macassar v VS Jonker 1122 (1 man, 1 woman, 2 sons, 2 daughters) 4 (slaves) K
0396B Macassar v VS Rosetta K. My thanks to Hans Heese for sharing his transcription of this opgaaf.
- [S761] Opgaafrol, FILE NUMBER; J; Tax Rolls, 1721, Cape Archive Depot, 0336 Macassar V VS Jonker 112 2 K
0336B Java V VS Rosetta K. My thanks to Hans Heese for sharing his transcription of this opgaaf.
- [S729] Webpage tanap.net (http://databases.tanap.net/cgh/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa) "Reference code: C. 91, pp. 108-117. Woensdag den 11e Februarij 1733
- [S859] Manumission, CJ 3083 24 April 1733, ... Sekere drie kinderen door bovengen:[de] ternataansen prins bij sijn Overledenen Slavin rosetta van ceijlon geprocreeert, met namen Amel, talie en adel van de caab permiteerende haar lieden vrijders om sig met alle geoorloofde handteeringen en traficquen Met God en met eere door de weerelt te mogen redden en erneeren ...; Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa. Hereinafter cited as Jonker Children Manumission.