Maria Kickers

F, #5168, b. circa 1662

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732
Last Edited24/10/2016
BirthOrigin*Maria was from Amsterdam and was perhaps born there circa 1662. The date is estimated based on her marriage.1 
Marriage*She married Jan Cornelisz on 11 July 1683 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.2
 
Lovers*In 1685 Maria Kickers and Ferdinandùs Appel were lovers.3 
Divorce*She and Jan Cornelisz were divorced in 1700.4,5,6
Marriage*She married Frederich Both, son of Michael Both and Susanna Saulus, on 21 June 1714 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, Cabo de Goede Hoop.7
Ménage à trois Between 11 June 1683 and 1700 Maria Kickers and Jan Cornelisz were legally married, but at the same time, from at least 1687 Frederich Both and Maria were lovers, apparently with the agreement of Jan. During divorce proceedings in 1700 Maria conceded that eight of her children, that is Theunis Botha, Willem Bootha, Catrijna Both, Cornelia Botha, Anna Bota, Maria Botha and Johannes Botha were fathered by Frederich Both(a) with the apparent encouragement (aanleijding) of her spouse, Jan Cornelisz, at the time. All of these offspring subsequently used the surname Both(a). However, in 1689 two women alleged that Theunis, Maria's oldest child, was fathered by Ferdinandùs Appel. This is born out by modern DNA tests, which have shown that direct patrilineal descendants of Theunis tested positive for the same Y-DNA haplogroup as direct patrilineal descendants of Appel.4 

Family

Frederich Both b. 4 Mar 1653
Children
Names in the record, in publications, etc.2 November 1687, the name of Maria was written in the record as Marij Kickers.8
Between 7 May 1690 and 21 June 1714, the name of Maria was written in the record as Maria Kikkers.9,7
Baptisms - WitnessMarij Kickers is named as a parent in the record of the baptism of Willem Bootha on 2 November 1687 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.10,11
She is named as a parent in the record of the baptism of Catrijna Both on 7 May 1690 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.9
She is named as a parent in the record of the baptism of Jacobus Botha on 24 August 1692 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.12
She and Frederich Both witnessed the baptism of Frederik Bota on 11 August 1709 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.13
She and Frederich Both witnessed the baptism of Bùrger Kervel on 16 March 1710 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.14
She and Frederich Both witnessed the baptism of Maria Catrina Bota on 14 December 1710 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.15
She and Hans Jacob Conterman witnessed the baptism of Christoffel Smit on 22 November 1722 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.16
NotesA DNA study has found that male descendants of Maria Kickers are from two different Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups. Known descendants of Theunis Botha share the same Y-chromosome DNA as a direct descendant of Ferdinandùs Appel — while descendants of the other sons have different Y-chromosome DNA — most likely that of Frederich Both. This evidence supports an allegation made by two women in 1689 that Theunis — Maria's oldest child — was fathered by Appel. Maria subsequently testified that all her children were fathered by Both and not her husband Jan Cornelisz aka Jan Bombam. Read the attached article by Jaco Greeff who did the DNA study.
Many published sources have included Maria Kickers as one of the orphan girls sent to the Cape. She could not have been, as the only known orphan girls arrived in 1688, and she was already at the Cape at the time of her marriage on 11 July 1683.17,18

Citations

  1. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide.
  2. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: eodem dito (den 11 Julii)
    Jan Cornelisz van Outbeierlant vryman, en Maria Kickers Jonge dochter.
    , transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  3. [S748] Jaco M. Greeff & J. Christoff Erasmus, "Appel Botha Cornelitz: The abc of a three hundred year old divorce case", Forensic Science International: Genetics (Appel Botha Cornelitz) 7 Issue 5 (September 2013). Hereinafter cited as "Appel Botha Cornelitz."
  4. [S566] Divorce Record Kickers-Cornelisz, 3: 22.01; CJ, 1700, Western Cape Archives and Records Service.
  5. [S331] Webpage Ball Family Records (www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk) "http://www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk/lombard/I411.html."
  6. [S153] J.A. Heese & R.T.J. Lombard, South African Genealogies 1 A-C, HSRC SA Genealogies (Pretoria: Institute for Historical Research, Division Genealogical Research, Pretoria, 1986, 1989), ISBN 0-620-23962-X, Page 360. Hereinafter cited as S.A. Genealogies 1.
  7. [S532] Website The Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA branch (http://www.eggsa.org/) "[1714] 21e Junij/ Frederik Bota van Wagenheim jongm, met Maria Kikkers van Amsterdam.
    http://eggsa.org/transcriptions/stellenbosch/g7-1/…."
  8. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: Den 2 9ber is gedoopt aen [t'Stellenbos] en genaamt [Willem] waar van vader was Jan Cornelisz van Outbeijerland de moeder Marij Kickers, de getuijge Willem van Emmerhorst
    Cornelija dogter van Jan Cornelis de moeder Marij Kickers is gedoopt den 6en Janùar[ij] 1697 als getùijge Jan Jacobs: Cornelia Holms., transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  9. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Den 7 Majus een kindt gedoopt waer van vader is Jan Cornelisz van Oudtbeierlandt, de moeder Maria Kikkers, ende genaemt, Catrijna. beide selfvs present., 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  10. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Den 2 9ber is gedoopt aen [t'Stellenbos] en genaamt [Willem]
    waar van vader was Jan Cornelisz van Outbeijerland
    de moeder Marij Kickers, de getuijge Willem
    van Emmerhorst
    , 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  11. [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
  12. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Den selven Dito (24 Augusti) een kint gedoopt waer van vader is Jan Cornelisze van Outbeirlant, de moeder Maria Kikkers, tot ghetuijge stont Hans Hendrik Smith ende Aeltie Klaaz[ ] is genaemt Jacobus , 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  13. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Frederik, de Vader Willem Boota, d'moeder Katrijna Pyl, getùygen Frederik Boota, en Maria Kickers, ii Aùg: 1709.
  14. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Bùrger, d'Vader Jùrryen Kervel, d'Moeder Catrijna Harmense, getùygen Frederik Bota met Maria Kickers, 16 Maart 1710.
  15. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Maria Catrina, d'vader Willem Bota, moeder Catrina Pyl, getùygen Fredrik Bota, Maria Kickers, 14 xbr [1710].
  16. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Christoffel, d' Vader Christoffel Smit, d' Moeder Catharina la Feber; getn. Hans Conterman en Maartytis Beijers; 22 9b 1722.
  17. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): eodem dito (den 11 Julii) [1683]
    Jan Cornelisz van Outbeierlant vryman, en Maria Kickers Jonge dochter.
    , May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  18. [S568] Webpage Weesmeisies (http://www.eggsa.org/articles/Weesmeisies.htm#seven) "As you will see if you read on, she was not one of the Weesmeisies (as defined above). It is not known how or when she arrived at the Cape. It seems because of this someone in the past decided to include her in the Weesmeisie category and that this epithet [DR: orphan is an epithet??] has stuck and been endlessly copied without further investigation."
  19. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): den 15 dito (April) Theunis
    Jan Cornelis van Outbeierland en Maria Kickers
    , 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  20. [S399] Record of Divorce Proceedings, (folio) 77; CJ 3-22, Court of Justice; Court of Justice, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.
  21. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): 1 Meij een kind van Joan Cornelisse en Maria Kikkers genaemt Maria, getuijgen Hendrik Janse Brouwer en Aeltje Claas, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  22. [S331] Webpage Ball Family Records (www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk) "http://www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk/lombard/I545.html."
  23. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Cornelija dogter van Jan Cornelis de moeder Marij Kickers [?] gedoopt de 6er Januar 1697 als getuijgen Jan Jacob, Cornelia Helm.
 

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