Frederich Both1

M, #7773, b. 4 March 1653
Father*Michael Both2 b. c 1630
Mother*Susanna Saulus2 b. c 1630

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732
Last Edited23/04/2016
Birth*Frederich Both was born on 4 March 1653 in Wangenheim, Gotha, Germany, .3
 
Marriage*He married Maria Kickers on 21 June 1714 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, Cabo de Goede Hoop.4

Family

Maria Kickers b. c 1662
Children
Arrival* In 1678, Frederich Both arrived at the Cape from Wangeheim, dist. Gotha, Germany.3 
(Defacto) Ménage à trois Between 11 June 1683 and 1700 Maria Kickers and Jan Cornelisz were legally married, but at the same time, from at least 1687 Frederich Both and Maria were lovers, apparently with the agreement of Jan. During divorce proceedings in 1700 Maria conceded that eight of her children, that is Theunis Botha, Willem Bootha, Catrijna Both, Cornelia Botha, Anna Bota, Maria Botha and Johannes Botha were fathered by Frederich Both(a) with the apparent encouragement (aanleijding) of her spouse, Jan Cornelisz, at the time. All of these offspring subsequently used the surname Both(a). However, in 1689 two women alleged that Theunis, Maria's oldest child, was fathered by Ferdinandùs Appel. This is born out by modern DNA tests, which have shown that direct patrilineal descendants of Theunis tested positive for the same Y-DNA haplogroup as direct patrilineal descendants of Appel.5 
Occupation* In 1686 Frederich Both was a tenant farmer on the farm of Jan Cornelisz.3 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.An unknown date , the name of Frederich was written in the record as Friedrich Both.
Frederich Both was also known as Friedrich Botha.1
11 August 1709, the name of Frederich was written in the record as Frederik Boota.6
16 March 1710, the name of Frederich was written in the record as Frederik Bota.7
Baptisms - WitnessFrederich Both and Maria Kickers witnessed the baptism of Frederik Bota on 11 August 1709 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.6
He and Maria Kickers witnessed the baptism of Bùrger Kervel on 16 March 1710 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.7
He and Maria Kickers witnessed the baptism of Maria Catrina Bota on 14 December 1710 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.8
NotesA DNA study has found that male descendants of Maria Kickers are from two different Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups. Known descendants of Theunis Botha share the same Y-chromosome DNA as a direct descendant of Ferdinandùs Appel — while descendants of the other sons have different Y-chromosome DNA — most likely that of Frederich Both. This evidence supports an allegation made by two women in 1689 that Theunis — Maria's oldest child — was fathered by Appel. Maria subsequently testified that all her children were fathered by Both and not her husband Jan Cornelisz aka Jan Bombam. Read the attached article by Jaco Greeff who did the DNA study.
Vrijbriewen and Burgher StatusFrederich Both became a burgher circa 1683, in Dutch vryburgher or vrijburgher, initially a status in which a soldier or other employee of the VOC was released from their contractual obligations to the VOC and permitted to farm, become a tradesman, or work for others. Subsequently some individuals, including the Huguenot refugees, were brought to the Cape specifically to farm and were burghers from the time of their arrival.3

Citations

  1. [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia of the Germans at the Cape, 1652-1806, Archives Year Book for South African History (Cape Town: Government Printer, Union of South Africa, 1946), BOTHA, FRIEDRICH (S Both in 1692, Botha in 1699).. Hereinafter cited as Personalia.
  2. [S204] Dr. J. Hoge, Personalia, BOTHA, FRIEDRICH (S Both in 1692, Botha in 1699). - Wangenheim near Gotha. * 4.3.1653 son of Michael Both and Susanna Saulus (W. Schmidt, p. 68).
  3. [S153] J.A. Heese & R.T.J. Lombard, South African Genealogies 1 A-C, HSRC SA Genealogies (Pretoria: Institute for Historical Research, Division Genealogical Research, Pretoria, 1986, 1989), ISBN 0-620-23962-X, Page 360. Hereinafter cited as S.A. Genealogies 1.
  4. [S532] Website The Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA branch (http://www.eggsa.org/) "[1714] 21e Junij/ Frederik Bota van Wagenheim jongm, met Maria Kikkers van Amsterdam.
    http://eggsa.org/transcriptions/stellenbosch/g7-1/…."
  5. [S566] Divorce Record Kickers-Cornelisz, 3: 22.01; CJ, 1700, Western Cape Archives and Records Service.
  6. [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register, Frederik, de Vader Willem Boota, d'moeder Katrijna Pyl, getùygen Frederik Boota, en Maria Kickers, ii Aùg: 1709. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
  7. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Bùrger, d'Vader Jùrryen Kervel, d'Moeder Catrijna Harmense, getùygen Frederik Bota met Maria Kickers, 16 Maart 1710.
  8. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Maria Catrina, d'vader Willem Bota, moeder Catrina Pyl, getùygen Fredrik Bota, Maria Kickers, 14 xbr [1710].
  9. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: Den 2 9ber is gedoopt aen [t'Stellenbos] en genaamt [Willem]
    waar van vader was Jan Cornelisz van Outbeijerland
    de moeder Marij Kickers, de getuijge Willem
    van Emmerhorst
    , transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  10. [S399] Record of Divorce Proceedings, (folio) 77; CJ 3-22, Court of Justice; Court of Justice, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.
  11. [S399] Record of Divorce Proceedings, (folio) 77; CJ 3-22, Court of Justice; Court of Justice, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, [This is a partial transcript of the divorce record of Maria Kickers and Jan Cornelisz van Oudtbeierlandt, during the proceedings of which, Maria Kickers said eight of her children were fathered by Frederich Both with the "encouragement" (aanleijding) of Cornelisz.]

    (folio) 77

    Vrijdag den 22' Januarij 1700

    Jan Cornelisze van Oudbeijerland
    vrijburger aan Stellenbosch
    woonagtig, eijscher in cas
    van divorcie.
    Contra
    desselfs huijsvrouw Maria
    Kickers ged[aagd]e


    praesentib[us] d' Ed[el]e heer
    Gouverneur et vid'-
    [demptis] den E. capiteijn
    Oelof Berg, en den vendrig
    Ambrosius Zaffee -
    assumpto den burgerraadt
    Burgert Mensinck


    Den eijscher, doende eijsch
    bij monde, segt dat alsoo
    de gedaagdesse haar niet en
    schaamd hem eij at an unknown age r niet alleen met slaan en stooten
    ende verdre onbetaemelijckheeden gestadig te
    bejeegenen: maar oock bovendien haren egt met den
    persoon van Frederick Boot in overspel te buijten
    te gaan. Concludeert derhalven tot separatie van
    huwelijck en goederen, mitsgaders tot admissie om
    met een andre te mogen trouwen, cum expensis.
    Overleeverende de stucken en documenten tot bewijs
    van sijn vermeeten specterende.

    De gedaagdesse antwoordende, segt en bekendt
    all hare kinderen staande huwelijck, niet bij
    den eij at an unknown age r haren man; (vermits desselvs onbequaamheijdt)
    maar bij een ander, te weeten den voorn[oemde] Frederick
    Boot, te hebben geprocrëeert, en dat haren
    man haar daartoe selfs aanleijding soude
    hebben gegeeven; Ende persisteerd meede bij de
    confessie, bij haar dienaangaande tegens Land-
    drost en heemraden aan Stellenbosch
    gedaan

    (folio 77verso)

    eodem die

    den eijscher ontkennende wel expresselijck
    aan de ged[aagd]e oijt eenige aanleijding te hebben
    gegeeven, accepteert haren confessie t[e] zijnen
    voordeel, en pers[isteer]t voor repl[iek].

    De gedaagdesse voor duplijcq.

    Partijen renuntieeren van verder productie

    Den E.A. Rade van Justitie, partijen gehoort,
    soo meede de genoemde Frederick Boot
    die het voor[zegde] feijt rondelijck confesseerde,
    en gelet op der gedaagdessen eijge vrijwillige
    confessie, doend regt &a, separeert de
    banden van hun eij at an unknown age rs en gedaagdesses hu-
    welijck, en gemeenschap van goederen,
    admitteert den eij at an unknown age r met een andre te
    mogen trouwen, en cond[emneer]t de gedaagdesse
    in de costen.

    Int Casteel de Goede Hoop datum ut s[upra]
    mij present

    Melchior Kemels
    [rt] & secret[ari]s
    1700.
  12. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): 1 Meij een kind van Joan Cornelisse en Maria Kikkers genaemt Maria, getuijgen Hendrik Janse Brouwer en Aeltje Claas, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  13. [S331] Webpage Ball Family Records (www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk) "http://www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk/lombard/I545.html."
  14. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
 

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