Domingo van Bengale

M, #6283, b. circa 1640

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
Last Edited19/04/2017
Birth*Domingo van Bengale was born circa 1640.1
 
BaptismDomingo van Bengale was baptized on 30 June 1686 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.2,3 
Marriage*He married Maria van Bengale on 18 May 1691.4,3
 

Family 1

Child
  • Samuel Domingo b. c 1685; This candidate relationship is offered with a view toward further discovery in the record

Family 2

Maria van Bengale b. c 1660
Child
ShipVoyage* On 17 January 1658 Domingo van Bengale was an exiled convict on board the Prinses Royael, one of the vessels of the return fleet which left Batavia on 17 January 1658 and which included Ulysses, Hoff van Zealandt and Nieuw Enckhuisjen, all enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where they arrived on 1 April 1658.5 
Baptisms - WitnessDomingo van Bengale and Anna Louisz witnessed the baptism of Johannes Jürgens on 26 September 1700 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.6,7
He and Maria van Bengale witnessed the baptism of Johannes van de Caep on 15 November 1702 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town).8
He and Maria van Bengale witnessed the baptism of Cicilia van der Caep before 26 October 1704 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town).9
He and Sara van Macassar witnessed the baptism of Juliana van de Caep on 16 November 1704 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town).10
He witnessed the baptism of Christiaan van de Caep on 31 January 1706 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town).11
He and Bastiana van Bengale and Henricus Beck witnessed the baptism of Flora van der Caep on 2 August 1707 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town).12,13
He and Maria van Bengale witnessed the baptism of Jannetie van Caab on 2 October 1707 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.14
He and Elisabeth Marcusz witnessed the baptism of Nicolaas Jansz on 12 July 1711 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.15,16
NotesDomingo van Bengale was a mardijcker who had been banished to the Cape as a convict. After his arrival, he tried to flee by stowing away but was caught, dropped off at St Helena and returned to the Cape. He was subsequently pardoned and allowed to become a VOC soldier in the Cape garrison, later becoming a burgher and fisherman.

In "Cape Mothers", researcher Mansell Upham describes mardijckers as follows: "Mardicjkers originated as mercenaries imported by the Dutch to Ambon (and later Batavia, the present-day Jakarta on Java in Indonesia) from other parts of Asia. These were products of the earlier Portuguese Asian empire. Mostly mestizzo, these Eurasians were predominantly Christian and Portuguese-speaking. The term later became more fluid and the original mardijckers soon became indistinguishable from the rest of the free-black and mixed race free-Asian or non-enslaved local population."17,3
On 20 February 1693 Domingo van Bengale borrowed f 300 from Church funds at 6% interest which he repaid on 25 August the following year.18
Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)On 5 March 1659 Domingo van Bengale was enumerated in the muster roll, he was enumerated with Groote Catrijn, Susanna 'Een Oor' van Bengale, all convicts for life sent from Batavia.19
Vrijbriewen and Burgher StatusDomingo van Bengale became a burgher before 18 May 1691, in Dutch vryburgher or vrijburgher, initially a status in which a soldier or other employee of the VOC was released from their contractual obligations to the VOC and permitted to farm, become a tradesman, or work for others. Subsequently some individuals, including the Huguenot refugees, were brought to the Cape specifically to farm and were burghers from the time of their arrival. in the marriage record, Domingo van Bengale is described as vrijborger alhier.4
Slave TransactionsOn 10 May 1698 Cupido van Negapatnam was sold by Hans Hendrik Smith to Domingo van Bengale, for Rds. 70.20
On 10 May 1698 Pieter van Malabar was sold by Hans Hendrik Smith to Domingo van Bengale, for Rds. 70.21

Citations

  1. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide - based on his adult baptism and his date of marriage.
  2. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: ao' 1686
    den 30 dito Domingo van Bengale en Maria van Bengale, beiarde, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  3. [S347] Mansell Upham, "Slaves of the free-burgher Christoffel Groenewald", February 2006 (Pretoria, South Africa). This short register was prepared for Delia Robertson by Mansell Upham in February 2006.. Hereinafter cited as "Slaves of Christoffel Groenewald."
  4. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: ao 1691
    Den 18 Maij sijn in den huijwelijken staet vereenigt Domingo van Bengalen, vrijborger alhier met Maria van Bengalen vrijborgeresse alhier., transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  5. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), January 2012. "1 April 1658:     Return Fleet (Princess Royaele, Ulysses,t Hoff van Zeelandt and N. Enckhuijsen) under the command of Cornelis van Quaelbergen (later commander at the Cape)."
  6. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "26 Sept 1700: Van Jans Jùrriens van Salsbùrgh en Elisabet Loùwiesz onder getuygen van Domingo van Bengale en Anna Loùisz - Johannes
    https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/…."
  7. [S326] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die Blanke Nageslag van Louis van Bengale en Lijsbeth van die Kaap", Kronos (Die Blanke nageslag . . .) 1 (1979). Hereinafter cited as "Die Blanke nageslag."
  8. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "[15 Nov: 1702] een kind van Storm en Dina, lijfyge van Jonker [Francois?] vander Stel, onder getuygen van Domingo en Maria, gent. — Johannes
    familysearch.org
    https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DZN4-WPC."
  9. [S734] VC 604, NGK Baptism Registers 1695-1712 (Cape Town): [26] [October 1704] van David van Macasser, en Cornelia vande Caab, onder getuijgen van Domingo van Bengale, en syn huysvrouw Maria van Bengale, gent: - Cicilia, (1695-1712), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/, http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as NGK Baptism Registers 1695-1712 (Cape Town).
  10. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "[16 Nov: 1704] van Jan van Mannaar, en Marta van Janbie [Jambi], onder getuijgen van Domingo van Bengale, en Sara van Maccasser, lijfygens van d' heer Samuel Elzevier, gen[aem]t. — Juliana
    familysearch.org."
  11. [S734] VC 604, NGK Baptism Registers 1695-1712 (Cape Town): Eodem die (31 Jan) van Gerrit van Mallebaar en Eva van Madagasker onder getuygen van Domingo, gent: - Christiaan, 1695-1712, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/
  12. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "Den [21 Augusti 1707] door D[ominee]: Beck een doghter van Anna van Mallebaar, Leijfeijgene van den vrijburger Christoffel Groenewold, onder getuijgen van Domingo van Bengalen met Bastiana van Bengalen — Flora."
  13. [S347] Mansell Upham, "Slaves of Christoffel Groenewald", This short register was prepared for Delia Robertson by Mansell Upham in February 2006., Den 2: Augusti [1707] door D:[ominee] Beck een doghter van Anna van Mallebaar lijfeijgene van den vrijburger Christoffel Groenenbold onder getuigen van Domingo van Bengale met Bastiana van Bengale Flora.
  14. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "Ditto [1707 2e Octobr.] Een dogtertie van Cornelia van Caab, onder getuijgen van Domingo van Bengale en Maria van Bengale - Jannetie; https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11116-194249-8 - last accessed 10 May 2012."
  15. [S734] VC 604, NGK Baptism Registers 1695-1712 (Cape Town): D:o [12 Julij 1711] van Dominicus Jansz van Amsterd: en Cornelia van de Caap; de getuigen Domingo van Bengaalen, en Elizabeth Marcusz. - Nicolaas, 1695-1712, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/
  16. [S674] Mansell Upham 'Who is Jannetje Rutgertroost? A genealogical investigation into the origins of a Cape of Good Hope-born mesties woman variously found in the records as: Jannetie / Jannetie Hans:/Hanse: Rutgertroost', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), April 2012. "Nicolaas baptized Cape 12 July 1711 (father: Dominicus Jansz van Amsterdam) (mother: Cornelia van de Caap) (witnesses: Domingo van Bengalen & Elisabeth Marcusz)."
  17. [S203] Mansell Upham 'Cape Mothers: Groote Catrijn van Paliacatta (c. 1631-1683), her slave Maria van Bengale & her daughter-in-law Marguerite-Thérèse de Savoye (1673-1742)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), October 2014.
  18. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.162.20.2.1693, p. 238: Domingo from Bengal, Free Black, borrowed f 300 from the Church funds at 6 %. This money was repaid on 25.8.1694.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  19. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Letters Despatched 1652-1662 to which are added land grants, attestations, Journal of voyage to Tristan da Cunha, names of freemen, &c. Vol III, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W.A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, 1900), p.297.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope.
  20. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 185. 10.5.1698: Cupido from Negapatnam (16), sold by Hans Hendrik Smit to "den Chinees Domingo" (Domingo from Bengal) for Rds. 70.
  21. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 185. 10.5.1698: Pieter from Malabar (16), sold by Hans Hendrik Smit to the Chinaman Domingo (signature Domingo from Bengal) for Rds. 70.
  22. [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "Footnote 14. For example, the free-black Anna Maria van de Caep later assumed the name Dominicus after her stepfather, the fisherman & former convict den Chinees Domingo van Bengale."
 

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