Anthonij de Later van Japan1,2

M, #6696, b. 1641/42

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
Last Edited05/03/2016
BirthOrigin*Anthonij was said to be from Bakera, Bengal, and was perhaps born there in 1641/42. On 7 March 1668 he says he is 26 or 27 years old. Although from Bengal, he later indentifies himself as Japanese - perhaps evidence he was indeed the individual baptised in 1642 and owned by Johan van Nagasaki and Johanna van Hirado, whom he may have seen as adoptive parents.3,4,5 
BaptismCandidateAnthonij de Later van Japan may be the individual who was baptized on 30 April 1642 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, Batavia.6 
Marriage*He married Annike van Bengale on 19 December 1666 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.7,8
 
MarriageHe married Lysbeth van Bengale on 5 November 1673 (Cape Town).9
 

Family 1

Lysbeth van Bengale b. c 1643
Children

Family 2

Annike van Bengale b. c 1640, d. c 1670
Children
(Slaves) ShipVoyage On 30 January 1662 the Angelier and Oijevaer departed Batavia enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where they docked on 2 April 1662. Among the pasengers on board the vessels were Zacharias Wagenaer, Maria aux Brebis and Maria de Bucquoij. Accompanying Wagenaer were his slaves Anthonij de Later van Japan, Annike van Bengale, Louis van Bengale and Willem van Bengale.10,11 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.1666, the name of Anthonij was written in the record as Antonij van Japan.12
19 December 1666, the name of Anthonij was written in the record as Antonie van Japan.
1667, the name of Anthonij was written in the record as Anthony van Malacca.13
7 March 1668, the name of Anthonij was written in the record as Anthonij de Chinees.3
Between 7 March 1668 and 2 June 1668, the name of Anthonij was written in the record as Anthoni van Japan.14,3
Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)In 1666 Anthonij de Later van Japan and Annike van Bengale were enumerated in the muster roll, they were enumerated between Harmen Ramajenne and Jan Martensz.12
In 1667 Anthonij de Later van Japan was enumerated in the muster roll, they were enumerated between Arent Ysraels and Gerrit Pietersz van der Bijl.13
In 1670 Anthonij de Later van Japan was enumerated in the muster roll, he was enumerated without his wife, but with three unnamed children, presumably Abraham van de Caep, Elisabet van de Caep and Theuntje van de Caep. The family was enumerate between Pieter Jansen van Nimwegen en Cornelia Teunissen and Jacob Cornelisz Rosendael.15
In 1671 Anthonij de Later van Japan was enumerated in the muster roll, he was enumerated without his wife, but with three unnamed children, presumably Abraham van de Caep, Elisabet van de Caep and Theuntje van de Caep. The family was enumerated between Hendrick Evertsz Smit and his party and Jochum Marquart and Hendrick Barentsz and their party.16
In 1672 Anthonij de Later van Japan was enumerated in the muster roll, he was enumerated without his wife and children and between Bartholomeus Borns (and Teuntie Bartels) and Dirck Bosch (and Geertruijd Mentings.)17
In 1673 Anthonij de Later van Japan and Lysbeth van Bengale were enumerated in the muster roll, with six children, presumably Abraham van de Caep, Elisabet van de Caep, Theuntje van de Caep, Anthonij van de Caep, Maria van de Caep and Jan van de Caeb.18
Slave EmancipationsOn 25 September 1666 Anthonij de Later van Japan purchased his freedom and that of his de facto wife Annike van Bengale and their children Abraham and Elisabet from Zacharias Wagenaer. The latter said he was emancipating the couple in consideration of ten years of faithful service; even so Anthonij Jansz paid Rds 60 for their liberty.19,20,21,22
Property TransactionsOn 14 April 1670 Anthonij de Later van Japan gave power of attorney to Solomon Swerus merchant of Amsterdam, to collect f 16.15 on his behalf from the Bewindhebbers, that is the Seventeen. This related to an account dated 23 April 1669 for the Ternaten signed by the junior merchant, Abraham Borgers. Sailing from Texel to Batavia, the Ternaten had stopped at the Cape from 11 to 27 April 1669. Presumably Anthonij had provided services or goods to the vessel, for which he had yet to be paid.23
On 8 November 1673 Anthonij de Later van Japan granted Wouter Mostert and Joannes Valckenryck authority, in the event of his relocation, to sell his home in Zeestraat along with his fishing vessel, household goods, chairs and benches at a price to which he agrees or that they can get to his best advantage, to collect the payment(s) and to act against defaulters.24

Citations

  1. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: [1673] Den 5 November
    Anthonij de Later van Japan en Lysbeth van Bengale, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  2. [S786] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1670 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Pieter Jansen van Nimwegen en Cornelia Teunissen, 1 kind
    Anthonij de Later van Japan, 3 kinderen
    Jacob Cornelisz Rosendael en Catarijna Jansen v. Bergh 1 kind
    Ned. diens.". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
  3. [S689] Mansell G. Upham, "The first recorded Chinese and Japanese at the Cape", Capensis (The first recorded Chinese and Japanese at the Cape) 2/97 (April 1997): On 7 March 1668 Anthonij in an interrogatory signed a Christian oath signing his name twice as Anthoni van Japan in spite of the fact that the Raad van Justitie’s scribe was content to refer to him as Anthonij de Chinees. In this document he states that he is aged 26 or 27 thus confirming that he was born circa 1641/1642.
  4. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): den 19 Decemb:
    Antonie van Japan
    met Annike van Bengale, May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  5. [S21] Date estimated by compiler, Delia Robertson and, unless there is corroborating information, should not be considered as anything more than a guide - date estimate based on baptism of spouse as een bejaert persoon and should be seen as a very broad guide only.
  6. [S689] Mansell G. Upham, "The first recorded Chinese and Japanese at the Cape", Anthonij de Later van Japan, however, appears most likely to be the person who was baptised as Anthoni at Batavia on 30 April 1642 and described at baptism as being from Bakera in Bengal. The witnesses to his baptism were Johan van Nagasaki and Johanna van Hirado, possibly also his owners and adoptive ‘parents’. The baptism was recorded in both the Dutch and Portuguese baptismal registers. Although of Indian origin (at least in terms of place of birth), he identified himself during his adult life as being Japanese. Johan van Nagasaki was a prominent freeman and slave-owner resident at Batavia.
  7. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): ao 1666
    den 19 Decemb:
    Antonie van Japan met Annike van Bengale, May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  8. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: ao 1666
    den 21 dito (November) nae gedane belydenisse is gedoopt een bejaert persoon en wiert genaemt Anike huysvrouw van eenen Anthoni, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  9. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): Den 5 November [1673]
    Anthonij de Later van Japan en Lysbeth van Bengale, May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  10. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), January 2012. "2 April 1662: Angelier & Oijevaer bring:
    Cape's newly appointed 2nd Commander Zacharias Wagenaer (from Dresden) ex Batavia with wife Maria aux Brebis (from Wesel), stepdaughter Maria de Bucuoij, Widow Coen Verburg & 5 personal slaves."
  11. [S815] Mansell G. Upham 'Documented Slave Arrivals at the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1677)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (Unpublished), 16 November 2014. "2 April 1662: Angelier ex Batavia brings 5 personal slaves of Dresden-born Zacharias Wagenaer (1614-1668), the Cape’s 2nd commander (1662-1666):
    Japanese Christian Anthonij de Later van Japan
    his concubine Annica van Bengale
    their son Abraham
    Louis van Bengale &
    Willem van Bengale.
    "
  12. [S825] Memorie van de vrije luijden 1666-1667 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Harmen Remajenne, coperslager
    Antonij van Japan en Angenitie v. Bengalen
    Jan Martens’". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
  13. [S777] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1667 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Arent Ysraels, van Berkulo, bode
    Anthony van Malacca, geh met Annike van Bengalen
    Gerrit Pieters' van der Bijl, vrij timmerman". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
  14. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): ao 1666. den 21 dito (November) nae gedane belydenisse is gedoopt een bejaert persoon en wiert genaemt Anike huysvrouw van eenen Anthoni, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  15. [S786] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1670 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) "Pieter Jansen van Nimwegen en Cornelia Teunissen, 1 kind
    Anthony de Later van Japan, 3 kinderen
    Jacob Cornelisz Rosendael en Catarijna Jansen v. Bergh 1 kind
    Ned. diens.."
  16. [S786] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1670 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) "Hendrick Evertsz Smit, van Eupenburen
    Ned. dienr. Anthony Meijer van Osnabrugge
    Antony de Later. 3 kinderen
    Jochum Marquart, en  geaccompageneerden
    Hendrick Barentsz
    Ned dienr.    ."
  17. [S786] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1670 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) "Bartholomeus Borms en Teuntie Bartels
    Antonij de Later van Japan
    Dirck Bosch en Geertruijd Mentings."
  18. [S780] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1673 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) (Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/) "Jacob Rosendael en Catrijn van den Bergh 2 k.
    Antonij van Japan en Lijsbt van Bengalen 6 k.
    Louis, vrije zwart". (The monsterrolle or muster rolls were in effect a population census. In my view they were likely based on ships' musters of the period.).
  19. [S689] Mansell G. Upham, "The first recorded Chinese and Japanese at the Cape", Op huijden den XXX Seprember ao. 1666 compareerde voor mij, Pieter de Jonge, secretaris van den Commandeur en Raed van ‘t Fort de Goede Hoope &a. aen Cabo de Bo Esperance getuijgen naergenoemt, d’E. Heer Zacharias Wagenaer, Commandeur van gemelte Forteresse, jegenwoordich op zijn vertreck naer Batavia staende dewelcke verclaerde reguart genomen te hebben op de goede diensten die hem van zijn Japanschen lijffeijgen gent. Anthonij ende zijne huijsvrouw Annica van Bengalen, zedert den tijt van 10 jaeren zijn bewesen geweest, derhalven haer vrijwilliclijck uijt puijre genegentheijt van haerde slavernije nevens haere 2 kinderen genaemt Elisabet ende Abraham te ontslaen ende op haere vrije voeten stellende haer eijgene lieven te maken ende dat voor een somme van 60 Rdr. van de welcke hij Heere comprt. bij desen bekende voldaen ende betaelt te wesen. Willende derhalven dat genoemde vrijgegevene hier sal verleent worden een acta in debita forma.
  20. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 25.9.1666 CTD 3, p.106
    Die edelheer Zacharias Wagenaer, kommandeur, en op vertrek staande na Batavia, verklaar in ag te geneem het die goeie diens wat sy Japanse lyfeies Anthonij en sy huisvrou Annica van Bengale die afgelope tien jaar hom bewys het, derhalwe hulle vrywilliglik uit pure geneentheid, saam met hulle twee kinders Elisabet en Abraham, uit hul slawerny te ontslaan 'op haere vrije voeten stellende haer eijgene lieven te maken '. Hy erken die ontvangs van 60 Rds. [Onderste gedeelte van die dokument is reeds 'n geruime tyd afgeskeur.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  21. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 93. When the erf was given to Anthony from Bengal, he must have been a free man, but two days later we find another deed in which Zacharias Wagenaer frees his "Japanschen lijffeijgen gent. Anthonij" and his wife Annica from Bengal who had served him faithfully for 10 years, and who now paid him Rds. 60 for the liberty of the family, which included the children Elizabeth and Abrabam. It is easy to conclude that these two are one and the same person, and that Wagenaer, in the confusion of his last days at the Cape, first signed a deed giving property to his slave and signed the deed of liberation two days later. This is indeed what happened, …
    p. 127. 30.9.1666, III, p. 106: Zacharias Wagcnaer freed his "Japanschen lijffeijgen gent. Anthonij" and his wife Annica from Bengal after 10 years of faithful service. Anthonij paid Rds. 60 for his liberty and that of his family,. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  22. [S606] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "A.J. Böeseken se Addendum van Kaapse slawe-verkoopstransaksies: Foute en regstellings", Kronos (Foute en regstellings) 9 (1984): 30.9.1666: Dat Zacharias Wagenaer, kommandeur van die Kaap, voor sy vertrek na Batavia sy slaaf Anthonij en sy vrou Annica van Bengale vrystel, word wel deur Böeseken korrek weergegee, maar dat dit ook hulle twee kinders, Elisabet en Abraham, insluit, word nie so uitdruklik deur haar bewoord nie aangesien slegs na sy familie verwys word.. Hereinafter cited as "Foute en regstellings."
  23. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 14.4.1670      CTD 4, p.77
    Anthoni de Later van Japan magtig Solomon Swerus, koopman te Amsterdam, om namens hom van die Bewindhebbers in te vorder f 61.15 volgens ‘n rekening van die skip Ternaten op 23 April 1669 onderteken deur die onderkoopman Abraham Borgers. [Geen van die getuies het geteken.]
  24. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse notariële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (II), Die tweede Dekade 1671-1680", Kronos (Die notariële stukke II) 15 (1999): 8.11.1673     CTD 6, p. 64
    Antho de Later van Japan, vry ingesetene, verklaar dat hy Wouter Mostaert en Jan Valckenrijc(k), ook hier woonagtig, versoek om namens hom en tot sy beste voordeel of ingeval van sy verhuising, sy woonhuisie in Zeestraat te verkoop, [in kantlyn is bygevoeg: asook ‘n sekere visskuitjie en ‘zegens,’ die akkommodasie van bewoners daarby gelaat, asook sodanige huisraad, stoele en banke soos deur die kompanjie aangeteken] teen sodanige prys as waartoe hy instem of wat hulle tot beste voordeel vir hom sal bekom, die geld te in en op te tree teen die wanbetalers. [Geteken Anthonij d’later van Jap.]. Hereinafter cited as "Die notariële stukke II."
  25. [S657] Mansell Upham 'Hell and Paradise... Hope on Constantia / De Hel en Het Paradijs... De Hoop op Constantia: Jan Grof (died ante 1700) and his extended family at the Cape of Good Hope', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), February 2012. "b6     Anthonij baptized Cape 6 September 1665 (no witnesses) - accompanied parents to Batavia ?"
  26. [S780] Monsterrol van de vrije luijden 1673 for de Caep de Goede Hoop (Cape Town) "Antonij van Japan en Lijsbt van Bengalen 6 k."
  27. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Anno 1672
    Den 19 October
    een soontje van Anthoni de Later van Japan en Lyesbeth van Bang' wiert genaamt Jan, tot getuyge stont Anthoni Cobin, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  28. [S810] Mansell Upham 'At Earth's Extremest End… Op 't eijnde van de Aerd … The genealogical impact of the 'Angola' & 'Guinea' slaves at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), August 2014. "16 September 1663:     11 unnamed slave children baptised: … private heelslag Abraham [Annica van Bengale by Anthonij van Japan]
    25 October 1665:          … private heelslag Elysabeth [Annica van Bengale] ….
    "
  29. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): an 1668
    Den 2[4/5/?] Juni een dochter van Anthoni Japan en Annecke syn huysvr' wiert genaemt Therintje tot getuyge stont groote Catrina Comp: slaefinne doch christ., 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
 

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