Catharina van Malabar

F, #6907, b. circa 1637

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
NGK (Cape Town) Marriages1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Marriages 1665-1695
NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732
Last Edited17/10/2016
BirthOrigin*Catharina was said variously to be from Batavia, the Malabar Coast, Bengal and the Coromandel Coast. She may have been born in any of these locations, but more likely one of the latter three, and then brought to Batavia as a slave. She was said to be 36 years old at her baptism in 1673 and was therefor born circa 1637.1,2 
BaptismCatharina van Malabar was baptized on 29 October 1673 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.2 
Marriage*She married Cornelis Claasz on 15 March 1676 (Cape Town).3
 
MarriageShe married Andries Voormeester on 31 July 1688 (Cape Town).4,5
 

Family 1

Corporael Gabriel Joosten b. c 1640
Child
  • Louwijs van de Caep b. b 8 Apr 1663; candidate relationship, perhaps further evidence of this relationship will surface as I add records.33

Family 2

Child
  • Anthonij van de Caep b. b 6 Sep 1665; candidate relationship, offered with a view toward further discovery in the record.34

Family 3

Cornelis Claasz b. c 1630, d. c 1688
Children
(Slave) ShipVoyage On 23 December 1661 the Prinses Royael, Marseveen and De Vogel Phoenicx, ships of the return fleet, departed Batavia enroute to the Cape where they docked on 15 March 1662. Arriving on board the Prinses Royaal were the slaves Catharina van Malabar and Pieter van Ceylon. The Marseveen carried 15 slaves namely: Baddou van Bali, Jeronimus van Coromandel, Matthijs van Coromandel, Jantje van Bengale, Adriaen van Bengale, Gratia d' Costa, Paulo van Malabar, Catharina van Bengale, Jacob Cornelisse van Colombo, Jan Luy van Ceylon, Ventura van Ceylon, Pai Marquart van Ceylon, Florinda van Jafnapatnam and Helena van Malabar.6 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.3 April 1662, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catrina van Batavia.7
6 September 1665, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catharina.
13 November 1667, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catherijn NN, there is a conflict in the transcriptions in Palmkronieke (Lorna Newcomb) and Kerken Boek (Richard Ball.)8,9
9 April 1669, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Cattryn van die Kus van Coromandel.10
Between 6 February 1673 and 3 August 1704, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catryn van Bengale.11
Between 29 October 1673 and 15 March 1676, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catharina van Malbaar.12
15 March 1676, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catharina van Malbaar.
27 October 1678, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catrina Mallebaar.
29 September 1679, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catharina Malbaar.13
26 December 1681, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catrina van de Kust Comandell.14
Catharina van Malabar was also known as Catharina NN.15
31 July 1688, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catarina van de Cust Coromandel.4
Catharina van Malabar was also known as Catharina van Bengale.16
16 January 1707, the name of Catharina was written in the record as Catrina van Bengale.17
Baptisms - WitnessCatherijn NN is named as a parent in the record of the baptism of Adriaentje NN on 13 November 1667 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.18,19
She and Andries Voormeester witnessed the baptism of Joannes van Hoorn between 21 August 1701 and 20 September 1701 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.20
She and Andries Voormeester witnessed the baptism of Barent Pijl on 20 November 1701 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.21
She and Andries Voormeester witnessed the baptism of Jan Robbertz on 3 August 1704 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.22
She potentially witnessed the baptism of PN NN on 28 November 1706 Nederduitsche Gereformeerde Kerk, Drakenstein, de Caep de Goede Hoop, this witness has not been positively identified.23
She and Andries Voormeester witnessed the baptism of Willem Willems on 16 January 1707 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop.24
NotesIMPORTANT NOTE:

Direct matrilineal descendants of these two women have tested for different mtDNA haplogroups. The suggestion now is that Adriaantje Gabrielsz was *not* the daughter of Catharina van Malabar.


There is a clear contemporaneous record trail evidencing this relationship.

1. Catharine van Malabar was a slave belonging to Cornelis van Qualbergen.
2. She baptises Adriaantje thusly: dito (13 November 1667) een slaevinne kint van den E.H.Comman: Quaelbergen, wiert genaemt Adriaentje de moeder Catharyn tot getuyge stont in persoon van de Juffr Quaelbergen haer slaevinne
3. When Adriaantje is married she is described as the step-daughter of Catharina van Malabar's husband Cornelis Claasz in this way: ao' 1683, eodem dito [den 4. Julij], Pieter Gerrits zoo, Jonghman, vryburgh en Aedriantie stiefdogter van Kees de boer.
Slave TransactionsCatharina van Malabar was sold by Jacob Does to Joachim Blank on 3 April 1662. Böeseken says was given into the custody of Gillis Nonnemans on the Princes Roijael who was to hand her over to her new owner on their arrival at the Cape. Hattingh's transcription is somewhat different: Nonnemans purchased Catrina from Does in Batavia, on condition he would sell her for the same amount to Blanck on his arrival at the Cape, The purchase price in both instances was Rds 75.25,26
Matthijs van Coromandel, Catharina van Malabar and Paulo van Malabar may have been the slaves sold by Maria de Bucquoij, to Commandeur Cornelis van Quaelbergen on 30 September 1666, for Rds 250.27,28
Catharina van Malabar was most likely sold by Commandeur Cornelis van Quaelbergen, to Jacob van Borghorst after 18 June 1668, when the latter became Governor at the Cape. This transaction is assumed.
On 9 April 1669 Catharina van Malabar was sold by Jacob van Borghorst to Rijckloff van Goens, who was enroute from Ceylon to Texel to, apparently expecting to return to the East in due when he would pick her up. However, the purchase price of Rds 80 or f 240 was paid by Luitenant Johannes Coon in an apparent dual transaction in which Coon purchased the pregnant Anna van Bengale from Van Goens, for Rds 70 or f 210 which was to be paid to Borghorst. However, if Anna died in childbirth the price was reduced by half to Rds 35.Van Goens returned to Ceylon in 1675 but Cattrijn remained at the Cape.29,30,31
Slave EmancipationsBetween 18 November 1674 and 15 March 1676 Catharina van Malabar was emancipated. She appears still to have been enslaved at the baptism of her daughter Cornelia in 1674, and was free at the time of her marriage. Slaves were not permitted to legally marry.
Slaves Owned by the CompanyOn 6 September 1665 Catharina van Malabar was enslaved and owned by the VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) at the Cape.32

Citations

  1. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 125. 3.4.1662, I, pp. 298-299: Catrina from Batavia, sold to Jacob Does in Batavia on condition that Gillis Nonnemans, merchant on the Princes Roijael, would hand her over to Jochem Blanck upon his arrival at the Cape.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  2. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: ao 1673. dito [29 dito (October]. Twee bejaarde Vrouwe-Personen, waar van d'een genaamt wierd Catharina van Malbaar out 36 Jaren: d'ander Elisabeth van Bengalen out ontrent de 30 Jaren, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  3. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: Den 15 Dito (Maart)
    Cornelis Claasz van Uytregt vrijborger en Catharina van Malbaar, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  4. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): Ao 1688
    ultimo July (den 25 Julij is crossed out)
    Andries Voormeester van Guedelborg vrijborger aen Stellenbos jongman met Catarina van de Cust Coromandel Wed. wijle den overleden vrijborger Cornelis Claasze, May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  5. [S331] Webpage Ball Family Records (www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk).
  6. [S815] Mansell G. Upham 'Documented Slave Arrivals at the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1677)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (Unpublished), 16 November 2014. "15 March 1662: Return Fleet (Marseveen, Phoenix, Prinses Royaal) ex Batavia brings
    17 unnamed Asian slaves (Malabar, Ceylon, Coromandel / Bengal and Bali) (mostly soon sold privately)):
    Prinses Royaal brings 2 private slaves:
    Catharina van Batavia [Catharina van Malabar / Bengale (born c. 1637)?] sold (3 April 1662) sent by Jacob Does in Batavia with merchant Gillis Nonnemans sailing on Princess Royaal to hand over to Jochem Blanck (from Lübeck) at the Cape;
    Pieter van Ceylon sold (28 March 1662) by Jacob Does to Jochem Blanck (from Lübeck) for 50.00;
    Marserveeren brings 15 slaves:
    Baddou / Barru van Bali
    Maria van Bali
    Jeronimus van Coromandel
    Matthijs van Coromandel
    Jan (Jantje) van Bengale
    Adriaen (Arie) van Bengale
    Gratia d’Costa
    Paul(o) van Malabar
    Catharina van Bengale (born c. 1651)
    Helena van Malabar
    Jacob Cornelisse: van Colombo / Malabar / Bengale
    Jan Luij / Leeuw van Ceylon
    Ventura van Ceylon
    Marquart [Pai] van Ceylon
    Florinda van Jafnapatnam.
    "
  7. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 125.
  8. [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register, Lorna: 13.11.1667 word gedoop "een slavinne kint van den E.H. Comman: Qualbergen, wiert genaemt Adriaentje de moeder Catherijn tot getuijge stont in persoon van de juffr Qualberg haer slavinne". Die naam van Adriaantje se vader is onbekend.. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
  9. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): dito (13 November) een slaevinne kint van den E.H.Comman: Quaelbergen, wiert genaemt Adriaentje de moeder Catharyn tot getuyge stont in persoon van de Juffr Quaelbergen haer slaevinne, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  10. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 9.4.1669 CTD 3, p.310
    Die edel heer Jacob Borghorst, kommandeur, verkoop aan die edele heer Rijckloff van Goens die jonge, admiraal van die aanwesige vier Ceylonse retoerskepe en op die skip De Logge [Kogge?] die slavin Cattrijn van die Kus van Coromandel vir 80 Rds of f 240. [Nota deur Borghorst] Die bedrag is betaal deur luitenant Johannes Coon.. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  11. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, 1673
    dito [Den [?2] Febr]
    een soontje van Cornelis Claasz en Catryn van Bengale wiert genaamt Claas
    Jan, soon van Robbert Jansz van Hoorn en Catharina Cornelisz, getuygen Andries Voormeester en Catryn van Bengalen 3e Augus 1704.
  12. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): ao 1673
    dito (29 dito (October))
    Twee bejaarde Vrouwe-Personen, waar van d'een genaamt wierd Catharina van Malbaar out 36 Jaren: d'ander Elisabeth van Bengalen out ontrent de 30 Jaren
    Anno 1674
    Den 18 November
    een dochtertje van Cornelis Claasz en Catharina van Malbaar gedoopte swartinne wiert genaamt Cornelia
    Ao. 1676 De namen des gedoopten Ouders Getuijgen
    Den 15 Martij Aaltie Corenlis Claasz van uijt,,
    recht, en Catharina van
    Malbaar, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  13. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): ao' 1679
    den 29 (sic - presumably September) Barent
    Cornelis Claessen en Catharina Mallbaar
    Margarita Hofnagel, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  14. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): 1681
    den 26 December Hendrick
    Cornelis Claessen en Catrina van de kust Comandell
    Arriaentie Gabriels, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  15. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Ao:' 1684
    eodem dito (5 November) Catharina
    [Kees] de Bo[e]r en Catharina
    Marytie van Juffr. Beroo, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  16. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Joannes, soon van Robbert Jans van Hoorn d' Moeder Catrina Cornelisz, getùygen Andries Voermeester, en Catharina van Bengale (geen datùm by gevonden) [between 21 Augs 1701and 20 9br 1701].
    Bastiaanz Pijl d' Moeder Cornelia [blank], getùygen Andries Voermeester, en Catharina van Bengale gedoopt 20 9br 1701.
  17. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Willem, d' Vader Gerret Willems, d' Moeder Maria Cornelis, d' getùygen Andries Voermeester en Catrina Van Bengale, der 16e Janry 1707.Barent, soon van Abrham.
  18. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): dito (13 November 1667) een slaevinne kint van den E.H.Comman: Quaelbergen, wiert genaemt Adriaentje de moeder Catharyn tot getuyge stont in persoon van de Juffr Quaelbergen haer slaevinne, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  19. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Lorna: 13.11.1667 word gedoop "een slavinne kint van den E.H. Comman: Qualbergen, wiert genaemt Adriaentje de moeder Catherijn tot getuijge stont in persoon van de juffr Qualberg haer slavinne". Die naam van Adriaantje se vader is onbekend.
  20. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Joannes, soon van Robbert Jans van Hoorn d' Moeder Catrina Cornelisz, getùygen Andries Voermeester, en Catharina van Bengale (geen datùm by gevonden) [between 21 Augs 1701and 20 9br 1701].
  21. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Barent, soon van Abrham Bastiaanz Pijl d' Moeder Cornelia [blank], getùygen Andries Voermeester, en Catharina van Bengale gedoopt 20 9br 1701.
  22. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Jan, soon van Robbert Jansz van Hoorn en Catharina Cornelisz, getuygen Andries Voormeester en Catryn van Bengalen 3e Augus 1704.
  23. [S408] Drakenstein Heemkring, compilers, Drakenstein I Baptisms., CD-ROM (Paarl) Drakenstein Heemkring, 2006 , Baptism Register, 1706; 28 ditto (Nov) een kind van de (?) Swartin Chaterina (corrrect) waar over getuygen Catherina Claese.. Hereinafter cited as Drakenstein I Baptisms.
  24. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Willem, d' Vader Gerret Willems, d' Moeder Maria Cornelis, d' getùygen Andries Voermeester en Catrina Van Bengale, der 16e Janry 1707.
  25. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 125. 3.4.1662, I, pp. 298-299: Catrina from Batavia, sold to Jacob Does in Batavia on condition that Gillis Nonnemans, merchant on the Princes Roijael, would hand her over to Jochem Blanck upon his arrival at the Cape.
  26. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 3.4.1662     CTD I, p.298
    Gillis Nonnemans, koopman op die retoerskip Princes Roijael, verkoop aan Jochum Blanck, dispensier in die fort, die slavin Catrina … wat hy te Batavia aan Jacob Does verkoop het vir 75 Rds op die voorwaarde om die slavin aan Blanck vir dieselfde bedrag af te gee. [Geen land van herkoms of ouderdom vermeld nie.]
  27. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 127. 30.9.1666, III, p. 108: Mathijs, Paulo and Catharijn sold by Maria de Buquoij to Cornelis van Quaelbergen for Rds. 250.
  28. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 30.9.1666     CTD 3, p.117
    Juffr. Maria de Buquoij verkoop aan die edele Cornelis van Quaelbergh, kommandeur, twee stuks slawe en ‘n slavin, Matthijs, Paulo en die ‘meijt’ Catharijn vir 250 Rds. [Die stuk is opgestel op die skip Dordrecht.]
  29. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, pp. 127-128.9.4.1669, III, p. 311: Catrijn from the Coromandel Coast, sold by Jacob Borghorst to Rijckloff van Goens Jr. for Rds. 80 or f240. In the margin a note was later added that J. Coon paid this amount to Borghorst.
  30. [S203] Mansell Upham 'Cape Mothers: Groote Catrijn van Paliacatta (c. 1631-1683), her slave Maria van Bengale & her daughter-in-law Marguerite-Thérèse de Savoye (1673-1742)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), October 2014. "With Borghorst’s departure, he mostly sells (31 December 1669) his slaves to the Company - with the exception of Catharina (Catrijn) van Malabar whom he sells to Rijkckloff van Goens although the purchase price is paid by Sergeant Johannes Coon (from Sommelsdijk)..."
  31. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 9.4.1669 CTD 3, p.310
    Die edel heer Jacob Borghorst, kommandeur, verkoop aan die edele heer Rijckloff van Goens die jonge, admiraal van die aanwesige vier Ceylonse retoerskepe en op die skip De Logge [Kogge?] die slavin Cattrijn van die Kus van Coromandel vir 80 Rds of f 240. [Nota deur Borghorst] Die bedrag is betaal deur luitenant Johannes Coon.
    9.4.1669     CTD 3, p.311
    Die edel heer Rijckloff van Goens die jonge, admiraal van die aanwesige vier Ceylonse ret oerskepe en op die skip De Logge [Kogge?] wat op vertrek staan na Patria, verkoop aan die provisionele luitenant Johannes Coon die slavin Anna van Bengale, wat swanger is, op die voorwaarde dat as sy met die kraam te sterwe kom net die helfte, 35 Rds, anders moet 70 Rds of f 210 aan kommandeur Jacob Borghorst oorhandig word.
  32. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Noch van de Slavinnen kinderen der Ed. Oostjndesche
    Compangie,
    de Moeder Catharina, diens kind is genaamt Petronella
    de moeder Helena, diens kindt Joannes
    de moeder Lisabeth, diens kind Anthonij
    de moeder Catharina, diens kind Anthonij
    de moeder Francyn, diens kind Pietertje
    de moeder Ciciliaa, diens kind [Floor]ci [sic Flanci]
    de moeder [H]oddo [sic Koddo], diens kinderen Maria, Derkje
    een slavinne zoon van W.Mostaart diens naam Sabba, het kind Dirik, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  33. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), January 2012. "[?] illegitimate private slave-born halfslag son of Catharina (Catrijn) van Malabar. Catharina (Catrijn) van Malabar is mother to illegitimate halfslag daughter Adriaentje [Gabriels:] van de Caep. [?] Witness to baptism Gabriel Joosten Cornet - [?] biological father to Catrijn's other voorkinders Anthonij (baptized 1665) & Adriaentje Gabriels: (baptized 1667)."
  34. [S203] Mansell Upham 'UL14 Cape Mothers', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "...and also likely mother to 2 halfslag sons Louis (born 1663) and Anthonij (born 1665),..."
  35. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): ao' 1683. eodem dito [den 4. Julij]. Pieter Gerrits zoo, Jonghman, vryburgh en Aedriantie stiefdogter van Kees de boer - at the time Cornelis Claasz/Kees de Boer was married to Catharina van Malabar, confirmation she is the woman who baptised Adriaantje in 1667., May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  36. [S814] Mansell G. Upham, "The Soetkoek Syndrome - the dangers of 'wishful linking' & perpetuating genealogical myths when sharing ancestors and genealogical data", Capensis (The Soetkoek syndrome) 2/2001 (June 2001): Thanks to the existence of the Groote Kerk marriage entry (9 July 1683) for his Cape-born stepdaughter Adriaentie Gabriels,.... Hereinafter cited as "The Soetkoek syndrome."
  37. [S331] Webpage Ball Family Records (www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk) "http://www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk/robberts/I022.html."
 

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