Herman Ernst de Gresnicht

M, #7942, b. circa 1640

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
Last Edited19/12/2015
BirthOrigin*Herman was from Utrecht and may have been born there circa 1640. His age is estimated.1,2 
Marriage*He married Itjen Hendriks on 30 January 1664 de Caep de Goede Hoop.1
 

Family

Itjen Hendriks b. c 1640
Child
Names in the record, in publications, etc.Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was also known as Herman Gresnigh.
Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was also known as Harmens Erntsz.
23 October 1678, the name of Herman was written in the record as Harman Gravers.
Baptisms - WitnessHerman Ernst de Gresnicht and Alexandrina Maxvelt, Do. Nathanael de Pape and Elisabet Heenbergh witnessed the baptism of Elisabet Lacus on 15 December 1669 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.3
He and Maria van Rosendael witnessed the baptism of Willem van Brakel on 12 April 1671 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.4
He and Hester Weijers witnessed the baptism of Cornelis Mostert on 12 March 1673 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.5
He and Chrusella Mostaert witnessed the baptism of Johanna Mostert on 10 March 1675 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.6
He potentially witnessed the baptism of Catrijna Smit on 23 October 1678 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop, this witness has not been positively identified.7
Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)On 6 March 1657 Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was enumerated in the muster roll, as the second gardener.8
On 31 May 1657 Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was enumerated in the muster roll, as a 2nd gardener earning f 11 per month.9
On 15 February 1658 Hendrick Hendricksz Boom was enumerated in the muster roll, among the freemen, as owner. Enumerated with him were Herman Ernst de Gresnicht, Cornelis Claasz and Dirck Mayer described as 'in his service.10'
In 1660 Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was enumerated in the muster roll, he was recorded as of Utrecht, second gardener.11
On 1 April 1662 Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was enumerated in the muster roll, he was recorded as from Utrecht, second gardener.12
Vrijbriewen and Burgher StatusOn 1 October 1657, Herman Ernst de Gresnicht was granted a vrijbrief or letter of freedom which released him from his contractual obligations to the VOC and accorded him the status of vrijburgher or free burgher.13
Slave TransactionsHerman Ernst de Gresnicht bought an Unnamed Slave from Wouter Mostert on 23 August 1674.14
On 11 October 1678 Abraham van Madagascar was sold by Aletta van Hinloopen to Herman Gresnigh, for Rds. 50.15,16
On 16 April 1679 Diana van Macassar was sold by Johannes Ravensbergh to Herman Ernst de Gresnicht, for Rds. 48.17
Unnamed and Gender Unspecified Slave van Madagascar and Unnamed and Gender Unspecified Slave van Madagascar were sold by William Deeron, to Herman Ernst de Gresnicht on 21 January 1684, for Rds. 105.18
On 30 October 1685 Unnamed and Gender Unspecified Slave van Madagascar was sold by Oliver Cranisbough to Herman Ernst de Gresnicht, for Rds. 90.19
On 30 October 1685 Unnamed and Gender Unspecified Slave van Madagascar was sold by Oliver Cranisbough to Herman Ernst de Gresnicht, for an unspecified amount.20
On 30 October 1685 Unnamed and Gender Unspecified Slave van Madagascar was sold by Oliver Cranisbough to Herman Ernst de Gresnicht, for an unspecified amount.21
On 7 September 1686 Diana van Macassar was sold by Herman Ernst de Gresnicht to Matthias Greeff.22,23
On 3 April 1688 Jan van Macassar was sold by Herman Ernst de Gresnicht to Henning Hüsing, for Rds. 36 on condition that Jan is free three years later.24
Herman Gresnigh gifted Diana van de Caep to Hendrik Snewindt on 3 April 1688, she was given "in friendship" on condition she would not be sold, and would be granted emancipation when Snewint died. In Changing Hands, Shel notes she was described as Gresnicht's "gebore slavinnetje.25,26"
On 8 April 1688 Antoni Buchijs van Macassar was sold by Herman Ernst de Gresnicht to Henningh Hùijsing, for f 1000 together with 150 sheep, a house, stables and out-buildings at Keijsersrivier.27
Slave EmancipationsOn 3 April 1688 Antoni van Macassar and Jan van Macassar were emancipated by Herman Gresnigh, on condition that they serve Henning Hüsing for 3 years at an annual rumeration of Rds. 12 [each?], as well as food and clothing. Is the Rds. 36 recorded by Böeseken 3x12? At the end of 3 years, they could decide whether or not to continue working as free servants for Hüsing, or seek their living elsewhere.28,29

Citations

  1. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), January 2012. "30 January 1664: Herman Ernst de Gresnich[t] (from Utrecht) & IJtjen Hendricx: [Hendricks] (from Naarden [Gooi, North Holland])."
  2. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.), 1665-1695: date of birth an arbirtary estimate by preparer based on son's date of baptism merely to facilitate a potential timeline for future research., transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.).
  3. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): An. 1669
    Den 15 Decemb'
    een dochtertie van Hendrik Lacus en Lydea de Pape syn huysvr' wiert genaemt Elisabet, tot getuygen stonden Herman Gresnigh en Zandrina Jacobs, huysvro' van de luythenant Joan Coon in plaetze van Do' Nathanael de Pape, en Elisabet Heenbergh syn huysvr', 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  4. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Anno 1671
    Den 12 April
    Een soontje van Adrian van Brakel en Sara van Rosendal syn huijsvr' wiert genaamt Willem, tot getuygen stonden Herman Gresnich en Maria van Rosendal, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  5. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar), 1665-1695: 1673
    dito (12 Maart)
    Een soontje van Jan Mostart en Alida van Hulst wiert genaamt Cornelis tot getuygen stonden Harmen Gresnigh in plaets van Wouter Mostart, en Hester Mostart syn huysvrouw, transcribed by Richard Ball, Norfolk, England, (May 2006), Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/. Hereinafter cited as Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar).
  6. [S392] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Mar): ao 1690
    anno 1675
    Den 10 Maart een Docghtertie van Jan Mostaart en Alida van Hulst sijn huijsvrouw wiert genaamt Jannetje als getuygen syn verschenen Harman Gresnich en Juffr Grysella Mostaart, May 2006, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  7. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Ano' 1678
    den selfden dito (23 October) Catrijna
    Hendrick Everts Smith en Adriana Stervelt
    Harmen G[ravers], Cornelia Stinvelt, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
  8. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Letters Despatched 1652-1662 to which are added land grants, attestations, Journal of voyage to Tristan da Cunha, names of freemen, &c. Vol III, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W.A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, 1900), p.286-287. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope.
  9. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, pp.287-289.
  10. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, p.294.
  11. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, p.298.
  12. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, p.303.
  13. [S647] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, p.264. As above to:- Herman Ernest Gresnich, of Utrecht, 2nd gardener, d.d. 1st October, 1657.
  14. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p. 131. 23.8.1674: A slave whose name and place of origin are not mentioned, sold by Wouter Mostaert to Herman Ernst Gresnicht.. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  15. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.136. 11.10.1678: Abraham from Madagascar, sold by Alctta Hinlopen to Herman Gresnicht for Rds. 50.
  16. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse notariële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (II), Die tweede Dekade 1671-1680", Kronos (Die notariële stukke II) 15 (1999): 11.10.1678               TS 3, g.p.
    Mej Aletta van Hinloopen, weduwee van die EHeer Johan Bax van Herentals, in lewe goewerneur alhier, verkoop aan die burgerraad Herman Gresnicht die slaaf Abraham van Madagaskar vir 50 Rds.. Hereinafter cited as "Die notariële stukke II."
  17. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.137. 16.4.1679: Diana (no place of origin given), sold by lohannes Ravensberg to Herman Gresnicht for Rds. 48. [She is unnamed in this transaction but is sold in 1686 as van Macassar.]
  18. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 141. 24.1.1684: WiIliam Deeron sold two slaves from Madagascar to Herman Gresnicht for Rds. 105.
  19. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 143. -.10.1685, p. 122: A slave from Madagascar sold by Oliver Cranisbough to Herman Gresnigh for Rds. 90.
  20. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 143. -.10.1685, p. 123: A slave from Madagascar sold by Oliver Cranisbough to Herman Gresnigh for an unspecified sum.
  21. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 143. -.10.1685, p. 124: Another slave from Madagascar sold by Oliver Cranisbough to Herman Gresnigh for an unspecified sum.
  22. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.147. 7.9.l686: Diana from Macassar (25), sold by Hermanus Gresnigh (signature Hermen Gresingh) to Matthias Grevensteijn for Rds. 50. [Purchaser was Matthias Greeff.]
  23. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, A calendar of bondage in southern Africa, 1550 to 1888, CD-ROM; ISBN 1-86918-063-1; (Cape Town: Ancestry24, September 2007), Sequence IDNO:       0511     
    Slaves First Name:       Diana     
    Presumed Place Of Origin:       van Macassar     
    Day Of Sale:       7     
    Month Of Sale:       9     
    Year Of Sale:       1686     
    Type Of Name:       Classical     
    Continental Origin Code:       Indonesian Archipelago     
    Slaves Age:       25     
    Slaves Gender:       Female     
    Price In Rixdollars:       50     
    Sellers Last Name:       Gresnight     
    Sellers First Name:       Hermanus     
    Sellers Civil Status:       Councillor     
    Sellers Gender:       Male     
    Sellers Domicile:       Cape district     
    Sellers Occupation:       Farmer     
    Buyers Last Name:       Greef     
    Buyers First Name:       Matthijs     
    Buyers Civil Status:       burgher     
    Buyers Gender:       Male     
    Buyers Domicile:       Stellenbosch district     
    Buyers Occupation:       farmer     
    Primary Reference:       Transporten en Scheepeniskennis     . Hereinafter cited as Changing Hands.
  24. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.152. 3.4.1688, pp. 69-70: Jan from Madagascar (38), sold by Herman Gresnigt
    to Henning Hüsing for Rds. 36 on condition that slave be freed three years
    later.
  25. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.152. 3.4.1688. pp. 71-72: Diana from the Cape (6), given "in friendship" by Herman Gresnigt to Hendrik Snewint, on condition that Snewint does not sell
    her and, when he dies, she be set free.
  26. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, Slave First Name:       Diana     
    Toponym:       van der Kaap     
    Descent:       Half breed     
    Name Type:       Classical     
    Continental Origin:       Creole     
    Slave Place Origin:       Creole     
    Gender:       F     
    Simplified Age:       Child     
    Age:       6     
    Repatriation:       Testamentary     
    Slave Status:       Burgher     
    Owner Related:       No     
    No Of Slaves In Manumission Related:       3     
    Owner Surname:       Gresnight, van trecht     
    Owner First Name:       Hermanus     
    Owner Ethnicity:       Dutch     
    Owner Toponym:       trecht, van     
    Owner Repatriation:       NORE     
    Owner Death Status:       Dead     
    Owner Gender:       Male     
    Owner Status:       Burgher     
    Political Rank:       Councillor     
    Owner Occupation:       Farmer     
    Owner District:       Table Valley     
    Owner Immigration:       Yes     
    Owner Wealth:       8     
    Manumitter Surname:       Sneewind     
    Manumitter First Name:       Hendrik     
    Manumitter Gender:       Male     
    Manumitter Status:       Burgher     
    Manumitter Occupation:       Farmer     
    Manumitter District:       Cape District     
    Sale Transaction Day:       3     
    Sale Transaction Month:       4     
    Sale Transaction Year:       1688     
    IDNO:       3042     
    Manumission Type:       Testament     
    Service Years:       10     
    Right Of Manumission:       Other     
    Year Freed:       1698     
    Additional References:       Not in Pama     
    Reference:       Transporten and Scheepenkennis     
    Page Number:       Page 71-2     
    Note:       Family: sijn gebore slavinnetje; given in friendship.
  27. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.152. 8.4.1688, pp. 75-76: Antoni Buchijs from Macassar (36). sold by Herman
    Gresnigt to Henning Hüsing together with 150 sheep, a house, stables and
    out-buildings at the Keijsersrivier for f 1 000.
  28. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.152. 3.4.1688, pp. 67-68: Antoni from Macassar (40), sold by Herman Gresnigt to Henning Hüsing for Rds. 36 on condition that slave be freed three years
    later.
  29. [S606] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "A.J. Böeseken se Addendum van Kaapse slawe-verkoopstransaksies: Foute en regstellings", Kronos (Foute en regstellings) 9 (1984): Op bladsy 152 verskyn hierdie twee stukke byvoorbeeld identies, naamlik:

    "3.4.1688, pp. 67-68: Antoni from Macassar (40), sold by Herman Gresnigt to Henning Hüsing for Rds. 36 on condition that slave be freed three years later", en
    "3.4.1688, pp. 69-70: Jan from Madagascar (38), sold by Herman Gresnigt to Henning Hüsing for Rds. 36 on condition that slave be freed three years later".

    As hierdie twee dokumente egter in hul oorspronklike vorm noukeurig gelees word, dan blyk dit dat Jan en Antoni - altwee is van Macassar - deur Gresnigt vrygestel word op die voorwaarde dat hulle Hüsing vir nog drie jaar sal dien. Benewens hul kos en klere sal hy hulle ook nog teen 12 Rds. per jaar vergoed. Eers daarna sal hulle kan kies of hulle as vryknegte by Hüsing wil aanbly en of hulle elders hulle kos wil gaan win. Böeseken se rapportering is dus geen getroue weergawe van die dokumente nie.. Hereinafter cited as "Foute en regstellings."
  30. [S397] NGK G1 1/1, Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Kerken Boek (Bapt.): Noch een zoon van Harmens Erntsz
    by Itjer Hendriks, is genaamt Ernst:
    als getuige Hester Mostaard, 1665-1695, Genealogical Society of South Africa, eGSSA Branch http://www.eggsa.org/
 

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