Maria van Guinea

F, #9186, b. circa 1652

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NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732
Last Edited03/04/2016
Birth*Maria van Guinea was born circa 1652 in Guinea.1
 

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Jacob van Macassar b. c 1670
Child
(Slave) ShipVoyage On 10 September 1657 the Hasselt departed the Cape (after an earlier false start) for Angola and the coast of 'Guinea' with orders to acquire slaves for the Cape. They had been deterred from attempting to purchase slaves at the bay of Luanda de St. Paulo by the presence of four other ships anchored there, and sailed on. They went first to Cape Lopez on the Gabonese coast for water and wood, and then proceeded to Andra, a slave-trading centre on the coast of upper Guinea. The vessel arrives at the Cape with 226 or 228 [different figures recorded contemporaneously] remaining from 271 originally embarked. Forty three or 45 died enroute and some women were already pregnant according to a later account. Eighty of the best 'Guinea' slaves were sent on to Batavia, and at the Cape a few abscond and many succomb to illness — by 5 March 1659 only 41 remain. The slaves had been purchased at what is now Grand Popo in present day Benin and would have come from as far afield as Sudan. The Hasslt arrived back at the Cape on 6 May 1658 and its slave cargo was discharged the following day. The following slaves would most likely have been among those who survived at the Cape: Abraham van Guinea, Adouke van Guinea, Anna van Guinea, Claas van Guinea, Deuxsous van Guinea, Evert van Guinea, Koddo van Guinea, Louis van Guinea, Maria van Guinea, Oude Hans van Guinea, Pieter van Guinea, Regina van Rapenberg van Guinea and Gegeima van Guinea.2,3 
(Witness) CivilSuit Before 11 August 1696 Claas van Guinea and Jan Luy van Ceylon were the protagonists in a civil suit in which, on this date Maria van Guinea made a joint declaration in the case.4,5 
Vrijbriewen and Burgher StatusDirk Bosch became a burgher on 22 October 1668, in Dutch vryburgher or vrijburgher, initially a status in which a soldier or other employee of the VOC was released from their contractual obligations to the VOC and permitted to farm, become a tradesman, or work for others. Subsequently some individuals, including the Huguenot refugees, were brought to the Cape specifically to farm and were burghers from the time of their arrival. He was granted vrijburgher status for five years following diverse malen klaegs gewijs versoek or several requests by his wife Geertruyd Meijntinghs who said he had escaped death several times due to stroke or paralysis in the hands and limbs, that he could no longer carry out his duties. She asked too that the couple be granted a suitable place to live and take care of their two small children in an honest way … this was a small, rundown house with a garden right next to the western facade of the Fort. Her request was granted and the couple had to pay 600 carolus guilders, in three equal payments of f 66 19, the first on 25 February 1669. There were several conditions including that they kept control of Maria van Guinea, owned at the time by Johannes Pretorius, who would subsequently marry the recently widowed Geertruijd Meijntings. They were permitted to sell sugar beer - als eenelijck suijker bier.6
Slave TransactionsOn 10 May 1658 Maria van Guinea was sold by the Company to Casper Brinckman.7,8
On 4 September 1660 Maria van Guinea was sold by Casper Brinckman to Maria de la Queillerie.9,7
After April 1666 Maria van Guinea was sold by an unknown person to Johannes Pretorius, who arrived at the Cape in April 1666.10
On 18 January 1697 Bruijnet van de Caep was sold by Johannes Starrenburg to Maria van Guinea, for Rds. 85. Both Böeseken and Shell incorrectly record the purchaser to be Pieter van de Westhuysen however this was corrected by Hattingh in Kronos. The purchaser was her mother, who emancipated her daughter in 1703.11,12
Slave EmancipationsOn 1 October 1703 Bruijnet van de Caep was emancipated by Maria van Guinea, her mother.13

Citations

  1. [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
  2. [S810] Mansell Upham 'At Earth's Extremest End… Op 't eijnde van de Aerd … The genealogical impact of the 'Angola' & 'Guinea' slaves at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), August 2014. "pp. 5, 22-27."
  3. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), pp.10, 12. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  4. [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "pp. 53-54. Marij van Gene and Prodo (Prede) van Gene [Koddo] sign a notarial declaration (11 August 1696). Upham cites CA: 1/STB 18/153. The two women are described as 'van Gene' - a spelling not uncommonly used for the provenance of the 'Guinea' slaves."
  5. [S665] Mansell Upham 'Johanna Kemp - An enquiry into the ancestry of the Cape-born Johanna Kemp (c. 1689-1778) - wife of Jacob Krüger (from Sadenbeck)', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (This article is under review), March 2012. "On 11 August 1696 Prodo and Maria van Guinea make a joint declaration tabled during a civil suit between Paaij Claes van Guinea and Jan Leeuw / Luij van Ceylon. Upham cites CA: 1/STB 18/153. The two women are described as 'van Gene' - a spelling not uncommonly used for the provenance of the 'Guinea' slaves."
  6. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 22.10.1668     CTD 3, p.243
    Kommandeur Jacob Borghorst en die Politieke Raad, ‘diverse malen klaegs gewijs versoek’ deur die huisvrou van die assistent Dirk Bos, wat reeds ‘n geruime tyd ‘de handt Dodes met beroerte off lammichheijt in handen en leden’ het en nie sy diens kan waarneem nie, sy vryheid te verleen en hom ‘n bekwame plek te bied waar hulle met hul twee klein kindertjies op'n eerlike wyse deur die lewe kan kom 'reflectie nemende op een out bij na vervallen wooningsken dicht aan de west syde van dese fortresse staende’ van die Kompanjie te koop in klein paaiemente, neem in aanmerking dat hy nieteenstaande sy gesondheid sy werk vir ses jaar gedoen het, kan daarom kwalik weier om hom sy vryheid vir 5 jaar toe te staan asook die huis met die klein tuintjie, verkort tot 40 roede 66 voete, vir 600 carolus gulde, binne drie jaar betaalbaar, elke jaar met drie gelyke paaiemente van f 66 19 stuiwers met die eerste paaiement op 25 Februarie 1669, toe te ken op die voorwaarde dat hy in die huis ‘nu noch 't eenige tijt niet sal vermoogen te tappen off gelagch setten, verstaande van wijnen off eenige andere starcke dranck, als eenelijck suijker bier dat sonder gelagen te setten ten gestelden prijsen …’ Hy mag die huis ook nie hoër bou nie en dit altyd by die Kompanjie verpand hou, so ook sy persoon, goedere en veral die slavin Maria van Guinee onder bedwang en ‘cremirie’ [?] hou. [Nagesien in 1671.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  7. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 4.9.1660      CTD I , p.l78
    Caspar Brinckman van Vreekenhorst, vryburger, verkoop aan Maria de la Quellerije, huisvrou van die kommandeur Jan van Riebeeck, die Guineese slavin Marij, wat hy op 10 Mei 1658 van die Kompanjie gekoop het. [Geen bedrag vermeld.]
  8. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.125: 4.9.1660, 1, p. 178: Mary from Guinea, sold by Casper Brinkman, who had
    bought her on the 10th of May 1658 from the Company, to Maria de la
    Quellerie, wife of van Riebeeck. No price mentioned.
  9. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.125: 4.9.1660, 1, p. 178: Mary from Guinea, sold by Casper Brinkman, who had bought her on the 10th of May 1658 from the Company, to Maria de la Quellerie, wife of van Riebeeck. No price mentioned.
  10. [S629] Personal communications between Mansell Upham and Delia Robertson, 2010-present. Joannes Pretorius buys (no record):
    Maria van Guinea.
  11. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 175. 18.1.1697, p. 137: Bruijnet from the Cape (22), sold by Johannes Starrenburg to Pieter van der Westhuysen for Rds. 85.
  12. [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "citing J. Leon Hattingh Kronos."
  13. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, A calendar of bondage in southern Africa, 1550 to 1888, CD-ROM; ISBN 1-86918-063-1; (Cape Town: Ancestry24, September 2007), Slave First Name:       Bruijnet     
    Second Name:       Traced to other documents     
    Toponym:       van der Kaap     
    Name Type:       Facetious     
    Continental Origin:       Creole     
    Slave Place Origin:       Creole     
    Gender:       F     
    Simplified Age:       Adult     
    Age:       28     
    Price In Rix Dollars:       90     
    Currency:       RD     
    Repatriation:       Resident     
    Slave Status:       Burgher     
    Kin Involved:       No     
    Owner Related:       Yes     
    No Of Slaves In Manumission Related:       1     
    Owner Surname:       Westhuizen, van der     
    Owner First Name:       Pieter     
    Owner Repatriation:       NORE     
    Owner Death Status:       Alive     
    Owner Gender:       Male     
    Owner Status:       Burgher     
    Owner Marital Status:       Widow     
    Owner Marriage Day:       5     
    Owner Marriage Month:       11     
    Owner Marriage Year:       1673     
    Owner Occupation:       Farmer     
    Owner District:       Cape     
    Owner Immigration:       Yes     
    Owner Wealth:       8     
    Manumitter Surname:       Geunie [U]     
    Manumitter First Name:       Marij     
    Manumitter Relation:       Mother     
    Manumitter Death:       MANU     
    Manumitter Gender:       Female     
    Manumitter Status:       Freeblack     
    Manumitter Marital Status:       Single     
    Manumitter District:       Table Valley     
    Manumitter Immigration:       Yes     
    Manumitter Wealth:       4     
    Sale Transaction Day:       1     
    Sale Transaction Month:       10     
    Sale Transaction Year:       1703     
    IDNO:       3144     
    Manumission Type:       Purchase     
    Right Of Manumission:       Other     
    Year Freed:       1703     
    Additional References:       Pama. 1118     
    Reference:       Transporten and Scheepenkennis     
    Page Number:       Page 224-5     
    Note:       no trace on manumitter. Hereinafter cited as Changing Hands.
 

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