Evert van Guinea

M, #7996, b. circa 1640, d. circa 1688

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NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695NGK (Cape Town) Baptisms 1665-1695
Last Edited12/03/2016
Birth*Evert van Guinea was born circa 1640 in Guinea.1
 
Marriage De facto* Circa 1670 Evert van Guinea and Anna van Guinea were in a de facto relationship de Caep de Goede Hoop.1  
Death*He died circa 1688.2
 

Family

Anna van Guinea b. c 1647
Child
(Slave) ShipVoyage On 10 September 1657 the Hasselt departed the Cape (after an earlier false start) for Angola and the coast of 'Guinea' with orders to acquire slaves for the Cape. They had been deterred from attempting to purchase slaves at the bay of Luanda de St. Paulo by the presence of four other ships anchored there, and sailed on. They went first to Cape Lopez on the Gabonese coast for water and wood, and then proceeded to Andra, a slave-trading centre on the coast of upper Guinea. The vessel arrives at the Cape with 226 or 228 [different figures recorded contemporaneously] remaining from 271 originally embarked. Forty three or 45 died enroute and some women were already pregnant according to a later account. Eighty of the best 'Guinea' slaves were sent on to Batavia, and at the Cape a few abscond and many succomb to illness — by 5 March 1659 only 41 remain. The slaves had been purchased at what is now Grand Popo in present day Benin and would have come from as far afield as Sudan. The Hasslt arrived back at the Cape on 6 May 1658 and its slave cargo was discharged the following day. The following slaves would most likely have been among those who survived at the Cape: Abraham van Guinea, Adouke van Guinea, Anna van Guinea, Claas van Guinea, Deuxsous van Guinea, Evert van Guinea, Koddo van Guinea, Louis van Guinea, Maria van Guinea, Oude Hans van Guinea, Pieter van Guinea, Regina van Rapenberg van Guinea and Gegeima van Guinea.3,4 
PropertySkuldbrief* On 16 May 1674, Evert van Guinea forfeits the skuldbrief in the amount of f 200 in favour of the Diakonie that he signed to purchase his new house, garden, all his possessions, fixed and otherwise.5 
Slave TransactionsOn 10 May 1658 Evert van Guinea was sold by the Company to Casper Brinckman.6
On 1 April 1659 Evert van Guinea was sold by Casper Brinckman to Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, no amount was specified.6
On 28 January 1677 Claes van Bengale was sold by Evert van Guinea to Gerbrandt Mulder, for Rds 32.7,8
Slave EmancipationsOn 22 August 1659 Evert van Guinea was emancipated by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, as a reward for revealing the location of the runaway Guinea slaves.9,10
Circa 1671 the freedom of Anna van Guinea and Maria Everts was most likely purchasedby Evert van Guinea from Matthijs Coeijmans. Evert was de facto spouse to Anna, and father to Maria.11

Citations

  1. [S356] E-mails from Mansell Upham (e-mail address) to Delia Robertson, 2000 to 2008 (Personal Library, Email Upham).
  2. [S810] Mansell Upham 'At Earth's Extremest End… Op 't eijnde van de Aerd … The genealogical impact of the 'Angola' & 'Guinea' slaves at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), August 2014. "… Evert van Guinea (dies c. 1688)."
  3. [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "pp. 5, 22-27."
  4. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), pp.10, 12. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  5. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse notariële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (II), Die tweede Dekade 1671-1680", Kronos (Die notariële stukke II) 15 (1999): 16.5.1674     CTD 6, p. 87
    Evert van Guinea [Guinee], vryswart en ingesetene se skuldbrief van f 200 ten gunste van die Diakonie wat hy op 21 Augustus 1670 teen 6% geleen het en waarvoor hy sy nuwe huis, byhuise, gekultiveerde tuin, al sy goedere, roerende en onroerende, verpand.. Hereinafter cited as "Die notariële stukke II."
  6. [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): 1.4.1659     CTD 1, p.119
    Casper Brinckman van Vreeckenhorst, vryburger, verkoop aan kommandeur Jan van Riebeeck ‘n sekere Guineese slaaf Evert, wat hy op 10 Mei 1658 van die Kompanjie gekoop het. [Geen ouderdom of bedrag vermeld nie.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
  7. [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 28.1.1677          [Verlore TS I]
    Evert van Guinea verkoop aan Gerbrandt Mulder die slaaf Claes van Bengale, 12/13 jaar oud, vir 32 Rds. [Nagesien]
  8. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 133. 28.1.1677: Qaes from Bengal (12/13), sold by Evert from Guinea to Gerbrandt Mulder for Rds. 32.
  9. [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Many of the remaining ‘Guinea’ slaves again try to run away (August 1659) but are retrieved - thanks to the collaboration of a compatriot named Evert van Guinea belonging to the commander, who reveals their hiding place. For such betrayal, Evert receives his freedom (22 August 1659). He is the 1st slave (and 1st privately owned slave) to be freed at the Cape."
  10. [S629] Personal communications between Mansell Upham and Delia Robertson, 2010-present. 7 May 1662: Departure: Van Riebeeck & family leave Cape for Batavia. Van Riebeeck manumits (22 August 1659): Evert van Guinea.
  11. [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Anna’s freedom - together with their Cape-born heelslag daughter Maria Everts: aka Swart Maria - is probably bought (1671) from the free-burgher and baker Matthias Cooman (from Ernstthal [Saxony]) - aka Matthijs Coeijmans - by Evert van Guinea the slave whom Jan van Riebeeck frees prematurely and gratuitously for collaboration."
 

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