Evert van Guinea
M, #7996, b. circa 1640, d. circa 1688
|(Slave) ShipVoyage|| On 10 September 1657 the Hasselt departed the Cape (after an earlier false start) for Angola and the coast of 'Guinea' with orders to acquire slaves for the Cape. They had been deterred from attempting to purchase slaves at the bay of Luanda de St. Paulo by the presence of four other ships anchored there, and sailed on. They went first to Cape Lopez on the Gabonese coast for water and wood, and then proceeded to Andra, a slave-trading centre on the coast of upper Guinea. The vessel arrives at the Cape with 226 or 228 [different figures recorded contemporaneously] remaining from 271 originally embarked. Forty three or 45 died enroute and some women were already pregnant according to a later account. Eighty of the best 'Guinea' slaves were sent on to Batavia, and at the Cape a few abscond and many succomb to illness — by 5 March 1659 only 41 remain. The slaves had been purchased at what is now Grand Popo in present day Benin and would have come from as far afield as Sudan. The Hasslt arrived back at the Cape on 6 May 1658 and its slave cargo was discharged the following day. The following slaves would most likely have been among those who survived at the Cape: Abraham van Guinea, Adouke van Guinea, Anna van Guinea, Claas van Guinea, Deuxsous van Guinea, Evert van Guinea, Koddo van Guinea, Louis van Guinea, Maria van Guinea, Oude Hans van Guinea, Pieter van Guinea, Regina van Rapenberg van Guinea and Gegeima van Guinea.3,4 |
|LandGrant*|| Between 16 June 1669 and 30 July 1669, Evert van Guinea was granted an erf in Tafelvallei bordered to the north by the company's pannebakkery, to the east by Tafelbaai, to the south by the Windberg, and to the west by the kloof between Tafelberg en Leeuwenberg. It was 1 morgen, 123² roods, 82² foot - rynlandse maat. The grant was made by the commander, Jacob van Borghorst.5 |
|PropertySkuldbrief*|| On 16 May 1674, Evert van Guinea forfeits the skuldbrief in the amount of f 200 in favour of the Diakonie that he signed to purchase his new house, garden, all his possessions, fixed and otherwise.6 |
|Loan*|| On 11 September 1676Evert van Guinea made a declaration that he still had to received the amount of f 150 (at 6% interest) in loan from Joannes Valckenryck and promised to repay it the following year when the return fleet anchored in the harbour. The loan was recorded as paid and cancelled on 28 August 1719 — some four decades after his death.7 |
- [S356] E-mails from Mansell Upham (e-mail address) to Delia Robertson, 2000 to 2008 (Personal Library, Email Upham).
- [S810] Mansell Upham 'At Earth's Extremest End… Op 't eijnde van de Aerd … The genealogical impact of the 'Angola' & 'Guinea' slaves at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century', First Fifty Years, Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), (http://e-family.co.za/ffy/ui66.htm), August 2014. "… Evert van Guinea (dies c. 1688)."
- [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "pp. 5, 22-27."
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), pp.10, 12. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
- [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", Kronos - Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670) 15 (1988): … 1669 G50 CTD 3, p.267
Kommandeur Jacob Borghorst en die Politieke Raad ken aan Evert van Guinee, vry ingesetene, op sy versoek in volle eiendom ‘n stuk land in Tafelvallei toe, ten noorde daarvan is die Kompanjie se pannebakkery, ten ooste Tafelbaai, ten suide Windberg en ten weste die kloof tussen Tafelberg en Leeuwenberg, groot een morg 123 [vk] roede 82 [vk] voete rynlandse maat. [Datum is onvolledig maar waarskynlik tussen 16 Junie en 30 Julie 1669.]. Hereinafter cited as "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)."
- [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse notariële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (II), Die tweede Dekade 1671-1680", Kronos (Die notariële stukke II) 15 (1999): 16.5.1674 CTD 6, p. 87
Evert van Guinea [Guinee], vryswart en ingesetene se skuldbrief van f 200 ten gunste van die Diakonie wat hy op 21 Augustus 1670 teen 6% geleen het en waarvoor hy sy nuwe huis, byhuise, gekultiveerde tuin, al sy goedere, roerende en onroerende, verpand.. Hereinafter cited as "Die notariële stukke II."
- [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 11.9.1676 CTD 6, p. 88
Evert van Guinea verklaar van die eerste diaken Joannes Valkenrijck nog te moet ontvang die bedrag van f 150 teen 6% en beloof om dit terug te betaal gedurende die volgende jaar (1677) wanneer die retoervloot in die hawe ‘geparkeer’ het. [Hierdie skuldbrief is op 28.8.1719 as betaald gerojeer.]
- [S853] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Kaapse noteriële stukke waarin slawe van vryburgers en amptenare vermeld word (1658 - 1730? 1670)", 1.4.1659 CTD 1, p.119
Casper Brinckman van Vreeckenhorst, vryburger, verkoop aan kommandeur Jan van Riebeeck ‘n sekere Guineese slaaf Evert, wat hy op 10 Mei 1658 van die Kompanjie gekoop het. [Geen ouderdom of bedrag vermeld nie.]
- [S607] J.L. (Leon) Hattingh, "Die notariële stukke II", 28.1.1677 [Verlore TS I]
Evert van Guinea verkoop aan Gerbrandt Mulder die slaaf Claes van Bengale, 12/13 jaar oud, vir 32 Rds. [Nagesien]
- [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 133. 28.1.1677: Qaes from Bengal (12/13), sold by Evert from Guinea to Gerbrandt Mulder for Rds. 32.
- [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Many of the remaining ‘Guinea’ slaves again try to run away (August 1659) but are retrieved - thanks to the collaboration of a compatriot named Evert van Guinea belonging to the commander, who reveals their hiding place. For such betrayal, Evert receives his freedom (22 August 1659). He is the 1st slave (and 1st privately owned slave) to be freed at the Cape."
- [S629] Personal communications between Mansell Upham and Delia Robertson, 2010-present. 7 May 1662: Departure: Van Riebeeck & family leave Cape for Batavia. Van Riebeeck manumits (22 August 1659): Evert van Guinea.
- [S810] Mansell Upham 'UL 20 At Earth's Extremest End…', Uprooted Lives - Unfurling the Cape of Good Hope's Earliest Colonial Inhabitants (1652-1713), "Anna’s freedom - together with their Cape-born heelslag daughter Maria Everts: aka Swart Maria - is probably bought (1671) from the free-burgher and baker Matthias Cooman (from Ernstthal [Saxony]) - aka Matthijs Coeijmans - by Evert van Guinea the slave whom Jan van Riebeeck frees prematurely and gratuitously for collaboration."