Willem Stolts1

M, #8956, b. 25 January 1694, d. before 3 October 1750
Father-Candidate*Gabriel Stols b. c 1670; This candidate relationship is offered with a view toward further discovery in the record. Willem was baptised in Stellenbosch the year prior to this opgaaf. Some published research and genealogies say Willem was the son of Gottfried Stoltz - this is not possible, Gottfied only arrived at the Cape in 17123
Mother*Christina Pietersz van de Caep b. c 1675; See baptism of Willem for explanation of this relationship2

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NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732NGK Stellenbosch Baptisms 1688-1732
Last Edited05/10/2021
MarriageWillem Stolts married Anna van Beulen, daughter of Jan Jansz von Böllen and Anna van der Heyde, on 15 May 1735 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop.1
 
Death*He died before 3 October 1750 de Caep de Goede Hoop, when his estate was inventoried.4
 
Inventory*Willem's estate was inventoried on 3 October 1750 de Caep de Goede Hoop. The inventory named Anna van Beulen, Gabriel Stolts, Christina Stolts, Catharina Stolts, Pieternella Stolts, Willem Stolts and Anna Stolts as benefitting from the estate.5

Family

Anna van Beulen b. bt 1714 - 1715
Children
LandGrant* On 21 July 1733, Willem Stolts was was granted 14 morgen 345 rods of land abutting his farm Wolwedans viz. bij sijn plaats gent. den Wolfendans. The grant along with a number of others was made by the council of policy and the governor at the time was Daniel van den Henghel.6 
Vrijswart[in]* On 7 October 1733, in testimony taken in the trial of Gerrit Jacobsz: Coetzee on charges of sodomy (bestiality), Willem Stolts was described as a Vrijswart or free black, that is a person formerly enslaved. Although free blacks were nominally equal to vrijburghers or free burgers, in practice this was not often the case.7 
Names in the record, in publications, etc.25 January 1694, the name of Willem was written in the record as Wilhelmùs van de Caep.2
14 July 1723, the name of Willem was written in the record as Willem van de Caap.8
BaptismsWillem Stolts was baptized on 25 January 1694 Nederduitsch Gereformeerde Kerk, Stellenbosch, de Caep de Goede Hoop. The baptism was witnessed by Margaretha Jans van de Caep and Barend van den Brink. he was described as a halfslagte kint. I have assumed this to be the baptism of Willem Stolts/Stols because both he and his mother were manumitted together by Steintje de Bruijns in terms of her will attested to on 14 July 1723.9,10
Monsterrollen and Opgaafrollen (Muster and tax rolls)1725 Willem Stolts was enumerated on the opgaafrol (census/tax roll) in (Cape Town), de Caep de Goede Hoop, at number 0375, along with his mother Christina Pietersz van de Caep. at number 0376; and Pieter van Bengale at number 0377. They were all designated VS, that is vrijswart or formerly enslaved person. They had all been emancipated together two years earlier. Willem was recorded as owning 10 sheep or cattle.11
Slave BirthsBefore 25 January 1694, Willem Stolts was born in bondage and was owned by Jan Botma de Caep de Goede Hoop.9
Slave EmancipationsOn 14 July 1723 Christina Pietersz van de Caep, Willem Stolts and Pieter van Bengale were emancipated by Stijenten de Brùijn. They were emancipated in terms of a testamentary provision which included a bequest to them of a wagon, 8 oxen and 2 fish nets to enable them to earn a living.12
In 1724 Anna van der Heyde applied for the manumission of her daughter Anna van Beulen who at the time was a 9-year-old in the Slave Lodge. It is assumed that the application was successful because in May 1735 her daughter married which she could not have done if she had still been enslaved. Anna van der Heijde offered the "healthy" slave Januarij van Mallebaar in exchange for her daughter's freedom. However he is recorded as part of the estate of her husband Willem Stolts in 1750, suggesting that this exchange was ultimately not enforced.13
Slaves owned by individualsBy the time he died shortly before 3 October 1750 when an inventory was taken of his estate, Willem Stolts came to own at least the eleven slaves named in the inventory. They were Januarij van Mallebaar, Jacob van Rio de la Goa, Leander van de Caab, Februarij van de Caab, Cupido van Bengalen, Cupido van Mallebaar, Joseph van Bengalen, Jan van Maccassar, Jonas van Mallebaar, Johanna van Maccassar and Rebecca van Rio de la Goa, what became of them is yet to be discovered in the record.14
Property TransactionsOn 28 June 1726 the 63 morgan farm Wolwedans tussen de Paardebergh en de Mosselbanksrivier was sold by Jan Valk to Willem Stolts. Stolts borrowed the money from Hendrik Swellengrebel and over the course of the rest of his life he repaid the full amount of Rds 666, with the last instalment of Rds 365 paid from his estate in 1750. Stolts lived on Wolwedans from 1726 to 1743, although he owned the property until his decease in 1750.15
On 15 July 1743 the farm Hoornbos was sold by Pieter van Niekerk to Willem Stolts. Stolts borrowed the money from the official Willem van Kerkhoff and over the course of the rest of his life he repaid the full amount of Rds 1200, with the last instalment of Rds 438 paid from his estate in 1750.16

Citations

  1. [S649] Margaret Cairns, "Willem Stolts of the Cape - 1692-1750", Familia (Willem Stolts of the Cape - 1692-1750) XXVII/1990 No. 2 (1990): p.46-50. Hereinafter cited as "Willem Stolts of the Cape."
  2. [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
  3. [S829] Opgaafrol van burgers, 4036 VOC, 0042 STOLS BAGRIEL [SIC - GABRIEL] 1 (adult male) … S[tellenbosch]; Algemene Rijksarchief, Den Haag, as transcribed by Hans Heese. Hereinafter cited as Opgaafrol Kaap 1695. My thanks to Hans Heese for sharing his transcription of this opgaaf.
  4. [S332] Webpage tanap.net (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa) "Reference no.: MOOC8/7.57
    Testator(s):
    Willem Stolts
    3 October 1750."
  5. [S332] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service) "Reference no.: MOOC8/7.57
    Testator(s):
    Willem Stolts
    3 October 1750

    Inventaris van alle soodanige goederen actien en crediten als ab intestato sijn naargelaaten en met ’er dood ontruijmt door den landbouwer Willem Stolts ten voordeele van sijn naargelaatene huijsvrouw Anna van Beulen ter eenre, en hun bij den anderen in huwelijk geprocreeerde kinderen, met naame

    Christina oud 14     ter ander sijde
    Gabriel oud 13
    Catharina oud 8
    Pieternella oud 7
    Willem oud 6, en
    Anna Stolts oud 3 jaaren …."
  6. [S729] Webpage tanap.net (http://databases.tanap.net/cgh/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Roeland Street, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa) "Reference code: C. 93, pp. 30-40.
    Dingsdag den 21 Julij 1733, voormiddags.
    … aan Willem Stolts [35] 14 morgen 345 roeden bij sijn plaats gent. den Wolfendans …."
  7. [S723] Susan Newton-King, "Die Blanke Nageslag van Louis van Bengale en Lijsbeth van die Kaap", Kronos (Sodomy, race and respectability in Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, 1689-1762: the story of a family, loosely defined.) 1 (2007): Citing CJ 337, 346, Testimony of the vrijswart Willem Stolts, 7 October 1 733.. Hereinafter cited as "Sodomy, race and respectability in Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, 1689-1762: the story of a family, loosely defined."
  8. [S649] Margaret Cairns, "Willem Stolts of the Cape", … 'Willem van die Caap' as he was initially styled. Later in the same document he became 'Willem Stolts van die Caap.'
  9. [S325] Baptism Register, Palmkronieke I Baptisms, Wilhelmùs soon van Christina van de Caap is gedoopt dj 24 Janùarij als getùijge Barent van den Brick Margrita van Hoft 1694.
  10. [S649] Margaret Cairns, "Willem Stolts of the Cape", J. 2602 no. 11 14/7/1723. “ Not only did the will give Willem his freedom but also, he, together with Pieter van Bengalen and Christina Pieterse van die Caap was bequeathed a wagon 8 oxen and 2 fISh nets in order to earn a living."
  11. [S864] Opgaafrol, FILE NUMBER; J; Tax Rolls, 1721, Cape Archive Depot, 0375 STOLTS          VS     WILLEM      1     10     K
    0376 PIETERSZ VDK     VS     CHRISTINA 1          K
    0377 BENGALE V     VS     PIETER           1          K. My thanks to Hans Heese for sharing his transcription of this opgaaf.
  12. [S649] Margaret Cairns, "Willem Stolts of the Cape", Her [Steijntjen de Bruijn] several wills provide most interesting reading, in particular on 'Willem van die Caap' as he was initially styled. Later in the same document he became 'Willem Stolts van die Caap'. Not only did the will give Willem his freedom but also, he, together with Pieter van Bengalen and Christina Pieterse van die Caap was bequeathed a wagon 8 oxen and 2 fISh nets in order to earn a living. Citing J. 2602 no. 11 14/7/1723.
  13. [S211] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Requesten (Memorials) 1715 - 1806 Vol I A-E, H.C.V. Leibrandt; CD-ROM (Cape Town, South Africa: Cape Times Limited, Government Printers, Keerom Street, 1905), pg.2. Anna van de Caap, Wife of the Burgher Jan Jansz van Beulen, mentions that her daughter Anna, 9 years old, is still a slave in the Company's Lodge, asks that she may be manumitted, that she may be better brought up, and offers to give in Exchange a healthy male slave, named January of Malabar. (No. 99.). Hereinafter cited as Requesten (Memorials) 1715 - 1806 Vol I A-E.
  14. [S332] Webpage Tanap (http://databases.tanap.net/mooc/) (Original records held by Western Cape Archives and Records Service) "Reference no.: MOOC8/7.57
    Testator(s):
    Willem Stolts
    3 October 1750 …
    Lijfeijgenen
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Januarij van Mallebaar boe
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Jacob van Rio de la Goa boe
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Leander van de Caab coets: wag:
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Februarij van de Caab wag:
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Cupido van Bengalen B
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Cupido van Mallebaar pl:, say, wag:
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Joseph van Bengalen pl:
    1 slaave jonge gen:t Jan van Maccassar boer
    1 slaave jonge Jonas van Mallebaar
    1 slavinne gen:t Johanna van Maccassar
    1 slavinne gen:t Rebecca van Rio de la Goa."
  15. [S649] Margaret Cairns, "Willem Stolts of the Cape", Three years later Willem purchased the 63 morgen Wolwedans, 'tussen de
    Paardebergh en de Mosselbanksrivier' from Jan Valk, citing Transfer 1747 - 28/6/1726.
  16. [S649] Margaret Cairns, "Willem Stolts of the Cape", Although his bond on Wolwedans was not fully repaid, once more be apparently experienced no difficulty in obtaining a mortgage for this second property, Hoornbos, from Sieur WiUem van Kerkhof, a company official. He provided 1200 rix dollars with the final instalment with interest of a total 438 rix dollars being paid out from Willem's deceased estate. Hoombos was purchased from Pieter van Niekerk in 1743. Citing Transfer 2555 -15/7/1743.
  17. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org).
  18. [S502] Website Family Search (www.familysearch.org) "Den 6 dito [April 1738] Gabriel, de oùders zijn Willem Stols, en Anna van Beùlen,
    de getuijgen zijn Jacobùs van Beùlen, en Catharina van Beùlen."
 

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